Negative Consequences Of Global Warming

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As the global warming becomes a much more serious problem, scientists suggest to place a tax on meat and dairy to decrease greenhouse emission. They found that raising livestock is a large source of greenhouse emission. A successful tax on these good could cut the consumption of the meat and dairy and directly reduce the greenhouse emission and improve human health.

The meat and dairy business actually has negative externalities of production to the society. Negative externalities of productions arise when the production of a good spillover negative cost on a third party, which is often times the environment as whole. As mentioned in the article, Deforestation and methane emissions are the two negative consequences of the meat and dairy production. The production brings
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MSC represents the actual cost of production to society. From the graph, the MSC is greater than the MPC, which means the social cost is exceeding the private cost. Qe represents the actual output of meat and dairy. But the socially optimal level quantity is less than Qe,which means the resource are over-allocated towards the meat production. As a result, there is a welfare loss (gray area) in this free market. Producers need to pay more for their production and produce less quantity.

As the article suggests, a 40% climate tax is needed in tend to correct the market failure. This percentage tax is one of the government intervention that could discourage the consumption. This tax can also be called an ad valorem tax. An ad valorem tax is a tax that government places on the producers of a particular good in order to reduce the supply and quantity demand to a socially optimal level. Due to the inverse relationship of quantity demand and price, as the price of meat and beef increase, consumers might “chose to have meat once a week instead of twice”

Meat and Dairy

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