The non-Separatist Puritans secured a royal charter from King Charles I to form the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629. The Massachusetts Bay Company was planned to be a business venture, but was also used as a refuge for Puritans. The Bay Colony quickly became the biggest and most influential of all of the New England colonies. For many years, the charter was used as a constitution for the Company. Governmental power rested with the General Court, who then elected the governor and his assistants.
In The Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson calls for the independence of the thirteen colonies who were under the British rule. While the thirteen colonies where under the British rule there was many wrong doings done to them by King George III. Therefore, the thirteen colonies wanted to become independent from the British rule.Jefferson’s purpose is to justify the act the colonies took in declaring themselves independent from the British rule to the foreign nations. He is able to achieve this purpose through the use of ethos and logos. At the beginning of the Declaration of Independence Jefferson uses ethos to establish his credibility for his argument.
The Middle Colonies, on the other hand, were ruled by British monarchs until Pennsylvania is built. People could vote and form part of the office but they had to be Christians in order to do so. Gratefully, taxes were not enforced as much. When Penn is in charge, he develops a colonial council made of tax-paying landowners. These would create laws and take over the government, the idea of veto is presented.
Starting in the early 1600’s settlers from England came to “The New World.” England and Spain were competing to claim this new undiscovered land. The English were the first to claim the land by sending the first group of settlers, the Chesapeake settlers. They settled in present day Virginia and Maryland. The Chesapeake settlers came for commercial and profit. the New England settlers came a few years later and resided in present day Massachusetts.
James Otis had written a document “the rights of the British colonies” after parliament had passed the sugar act in 1761.Otis argued that it is the people that give power to the government.Otis also argued that if a government is found “incorrigible” , the “government should be disposed by the people.” Otis also argued that parliament deprives the colonists of their most essential rights as free man because of all the taxes parliament was enacting.But Otis did believe that “parliament has the authority to make laws for the general good of the colonies.”
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
Essay #2 – Topic Three Both Virginia and Massachusetts had pros and cons, but if I were to choose where I would live, I would choose Virginia, because of the lenient life style and acceptance of different views. English settlers came from their homes for different reasons and each with different goals to pursue. Both had very distinct economies and social structures that relied heavily on labor. Although unlike Massachusetts, Virginia had more interesting encounters with natives. Settlers first reached Virginia in 1606 to compete with the Spanish for gold and natural resources, but also find a passage to the Indies.
They created these meetings with the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, on account of much needed to be done. But Virginia’s representatives had other plans on how to solve their country’s problems. Each state would get one vote for each decision to be made in the meetings, no matter how many representatives they may have (other than Rhode Island, who sent no representatives to the meetings.) As I said before, Virginia had other plans to solve their country 's problems. This idea was written and proposed by James Madison, one of Virginia’s representatives.
The seeds of the United States and its preliminary colonies were first planted in the 1607 establishment of Jamestown, Virginia, a critical moment in the United Kingdom’s first steps into colonizing the New World. As the UK’s presence in North America climbed following the success of Jamestown, groups of British settlers gradually began to replace Native Americans, yet interactions between the groups consistently varied between active assistance to armed conflict. Four years following Jamestown’s founding, William Shakespeare authored The Tempest, which drew a parallel to European colonization; a boat of foreign travellers lands on an unknown island, where inhabitants of both environments exchange for the first time. Caliban, the original resident
Influenced to the colonies to start the rebellion. Although the truth reality here is the roots of the rebellion of the 13 colonies start from the beginning of the establishment of colonies. According to the lecture 10, “in 1660 through the first series of Navigation Acts, the English parliament sets the rules for how the people in the 13 colonies would live their lives”. This was one of the reasons of the rebellion of the 13 colonies, because the colonies they want to have they own rules and live their lives according to the rules that favoring each colony no only England. The acts that created the parliament was only to benefit England, because specify how the colonies behave between them and the mother land.
There were many reasons that the Second Continental congress declared independence from Great Britain. Life in the colonies was great, at first, soon after Great Britain started creating crazy amounts of taxes to support the mother country. In the year 1776 the Second Continental Congress officially declared independence from Great Britain. The first thing that Great Britain did to the colonies is they created the Navigational Acts. The Navigational Acts were a set of laws to make sure that Great Britain would profit from trade instead of any other country.
The New England region was made up of middle class families that were able to pay their way across the Atlantic. “Most male settlers were small farmers, merchants, seamen, or fisherman. During the seventeenth century, only 21,000 colonists arrive in New England, compared with the 120,000 who went to the Chesapeake Bay colonies.” (Tindall, Shi 42). Another similarity was that the British wanted to settle in North America to have a better life for them and their families. “Colonists settled British North America for different reasons.