Nursing Theorists and their Theory 1.Florence Nightingale- Nightingale’s theory of the Environment is mainly focused on the environment, she believed that, the environment has a great importance that can be used to improve and encourage healing. With proper ventilation, clean air, lack of noise , proper lighting, and adequate elimination of waste. Are a few factors she believed and can be observed and maintained. 2.Sister Calista Roy- Roy’s Theory is based on, in which the individual views biopsychosocial being, in which a person adapt with the constant change of the environment. She believes nursing is needed when stressors or weakened coping methods can make the persons attempts of ineffective coping mechanisms.
The concept is an exceptional way of being human, a unique way of being contemporary, observant, mindful, and calculated as the nurse operates with another person. These viewpoints have importance for medicine as well as for nursing or other health professions. The complete practice of human caring theory is most fully realized in a nursing theory because nursing allows for the constant caring factor that medicine does not have;
Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory is one such nursing theory that has been reworked to take into account the changes in our world, while still maintaining the initial framework (Taylor & Renpenning, 2011). Purpose of Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory Dorothea Orem (as cited in Taylor & Renpenning, 2011) described her purpose in formalizing the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory as a way of defining the structure of nursing and explaining knowledge, rules and roles of nursing. Orem was attempting to answer the question of why, when and how a nurse is needed in the care of a patient (Smith & Parker, 2015). According to Younas (2017), self-care deficit nursing theory is also a practical effort to delineate the patient role along with that of the nurse. The purpose of this theory, being to define both nurse and patient roles and nursing as a profession, is seen as a strength of the self-care deficit nursing theory.
It is the job of the APN to apply their skills to promote a culture of excellence. Promoting such a culture involves using all aspects of the quality competency. The Nurse Practitioner is in a unique position as a clinician and manager. According to Carney (2011), clinical managers have the capability to ensure the safe, ethical, and high quality of care due to their professional background, which is firmly grounded in ethical healthcare. Therefore, the APN has a distinct set of skills that will ensure positive patient outcomes.
Questions: 1. What nursing theory can you apply in planning for the care of Mr. FD? Support why you choose this nursing theory. I will utilized Orem’s theory which involves 3 central theories: Self-care theory, Self-care deficit theory and theory of Nursing System in planning care for Mr. FD. I chose this theory because of its suitability and practicality in the scenario provided.
The comfort theory was formed by looking at the comfort of patients and how it related to their healing process. This theory has been used in many different aspects of nursing and has been found to be very successful. The creator of the comfort theory, Katharine Kolcaba, began her nursing career in 1965 after graduating from St. Luke’s Hospital of nursing in Cleveland, Ohio. She then furthered her education and revived her master’s degree and began teaching in 197 at The University of Akron College of nursing. Kolcaba began the development of the comfort theory in the early 1990’s.
All healthcare professionals should serve patients and the community by providing the best care possible in their scope of practice (Shohani & Zamanzadeh, 2017, pp. 355-357). Nurses have to be aware of how to act in and outside the workplace. This includes sharing opinions and information on social media, speaking badly about coworkers or a workplace, accepting gifts or socializing with patients and their families. Patient information
The goal of Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory is to decrease the self-care deficit. When patients are ill, they need assistance with care. As nurses we are there to provide the care needed while allowing the patient to perform as many tasks as they can for themselves. By allowing patients to provide care for themselves, they develop a sense of confidence and can assist them in overcoming obstacles in care. Per Meleis (2012), “Orem’s theory is categorized as a theory whose primary focus provides a framework for assessing needs of clients and developing intervention in enhancing peoples’ abilities to manage daily care for themselves and their dependents, and conserve their energy, and
Conclusion In conclusion, Orem theory is beneficial to my nursing practice because it provides a theoretical framework and the concept associated with the foundation of nursing as a whole. Orem 's self-care deficit nursing theory is like she giving a nursing a masterpiece. This theory is indefinitely relevance to be practiced and provide a goal of nursing. I personally practice my current nursing is influenced by her theory and without it; there will be no clear-cut to define that practice. In future, I learn that Orem 's theory provides autonomy from the medical field and implement the patients with tools they need with knowledge and