Nursing Theory According to Chinn & Kramer (2011), theory is defined as “creative and rigorous structure of ideas that project a tentative, purposeful and systemic view of phenomena” (as cited in McEwen & Wills, 2014, pg. 25). In addition, a theory is a set of assumptions, principles, or propositions that explain or guide actions. Before nursing theory, the nursing practice was not guided by any research or rational but mostly by traditional or ritualistic tasks. Therefore, the nursing theory emerged to clarify nursing practice with intellectual and interactional domains and to illustrate nursing practice as an expert practice rather than just carrying out tasks (McEwen & Wills, 2014).
In nursing programs throughout the United States, there are various nursing philosophies with different emphasis on multiple beliefs. After exploring Immaculata University’s nursing philosophy, I concluded that it coincides with my own nursing philosophy with a focus on assisting individuals by promoting, restoring, maintain health, and to assisting them to die with dignity. Although the nursing philosophy is similar to mine, I believe that nursing philosophy consists of having compassion, professionalism, and providing safe care. Compassion is an important component of promoting the health of the individual.
Philosophy of Nursing Introduction Nursing is a discipline that is guided by philosophical orientations that create a base for the development of nursing theories that translate into clinical practice. McEwen and Wills (2014) state, “rather than focus on solving problems or answering questions related to that discipline, the philosophy of a discipline studies the concepts that structure the thought process of that discipline with the intent of recognizing and revealing foundations and presuppositions” (p. 6). Nursing philosophy embodies knowledge acquisition and cultivates professionalism within the profession. Through philosophy, nurses have gained knowledge and have discovered the true value of nursing practice.
Philosophies According to Alligood (2014b), philosophies are specific theories that focus on one or more metaparadigm concepts in a wide spectrum philosophical way (p. 43). For a person to understand philosophies it is required to understand the knowledge type, metaparadigms. Metaparadigm Metaparadigm is the vast perspective of a discipline and a way to describe a concern specifically to a profession or department (Alligood, 2014b, p. 42).
In the novel, Thomas Stone asks, “What treatment in an emergency is administered by ear?” The correct answer is “Words of comfort.” For this week’s discussion essay I will discuss how this moment encompasses the book’s take on medicine. I will discuss if my experiences with doctors or hospitals have held this to be true, as well as to why or why not. I will also discuss how Cutting for Stone informs us on the roles about compassion, faith, and hope in medicine. Upon discussing the above, I will end this discussion with a conclusion.
The metaparadigm concept for the discipline of nursing describes the 4 concepts of nursing knowledge, a “global perspective of a discipline” and acts as a framework. It consists of 4 main concepts, person, environment, health and nursing (Masters,2011). The nursing model is a core of nursing which consists of a pattern of living while a person requires nursing. It is also a framework for the process of nursing which organise the process of providing the care and understanding to what care is needed in order to meet the needs of patients that are unable to provide for themselves. Nursing care can be tailored to suit each individual’s requirements and needs.
In the Journal of Advanced Nursing article, Whither Nursing Models? The value of nursing theory in the context of evidence-based practice and multidisciplinary health care, author Niall McCrae (2011) discussed key points related to the utilization of nursing models in modern-day clinical practice. With so many advances made since Nightingale times, some argue that evidence-based research and practice should trump the ideas of theorists before them. McCrae cited sources that illustrate a volley of opinions on the topic: are nursing theories essential or are they matters of the past? Upon evaluation of this article, it is evident to the reader that, although they can seem outdated, nursing theories cannot completely be removed from practice as
My overall nursing philosophy is based on my personal belief and core values such as altruism, integrity and empathy for my fellow human being. I feel that these values come from my early childhood and have guided me like a compass on my path to nursing. Aside from staying true to my core values, I am believer of the holistic care approach covering the physical, mental, spiritual, and social aspect of
11/23/2015 Florence Nightingale 1. Analyze the Applicability of the Theory a. Structure • This theory is based upon the concept of environment and 13 sub-concepts, which can be manipulated to prevent diseases. • The metaparadigms are well defined; however, the 13 canons/sub-concepts are not described that well. Hence lacking structure and clarity.
There is much disparagement at present, that caring is not an attribute of the nursing profession in the twenty first century, though there are many writers that suggest that caring is still essential in nursing practice. Caring may be a challenging concept to describe but it can be summarised as the ability to deliver holistic care (Gustafsson et al, 2009). Caring has many characteristics, which include patience, honesty, sensitivity, dedication, skills, autonomy and trust. Many nursing theories and models have been developed around the concept of caring. The writer believes that caring is shared by all health care professionals, not just amongst nurses.