Metaparadigm Theory Of Nursing

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The practice of nursing evolves daily from theories and philosophies that are proven by researchers, resulting in growth of the medical profession and advanced evidence based knowledge.
According to Alligood (2014b), philosophies are specific theories that focus on one or more metaparadigm concepts in a wide spectrum philosophical way (p. 43). For a person to understand philosophies it is required to understand the knowledge type, metaparadigms.
Metaparadigm is the vast perspective of a discipline and a way to describe a concern specifically to a profession or department (Alligood, 2014b, p.42).
Nursing Metaparadigm
The metaparadigms in nursing knowledge are human beings, environment, health, and nursing.
Nursing Philosophy
Therefore, a philosophy of nursing would be a broad statement that would generate general ideas about specific values or beliefs. Alligood (2014b) stated, “Philosophies present the general meaning of nursing and nursing phenomena through reasoning and logical presentation of ideas” (p. 42). For example, Notes on Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not, where Nightingale answers the broad, yet complex, question, “What is nursing?” (Nightingale, 1946).
The four metaparadigms of nursing include human beings or person, environment or society, health, and nursing.
Chinn and Kramer (2015) define the metaparadigm of person aims on the recipient of care in the aspect of wholeness and the holistic view entirely. This
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