These actions are planned and discharged following the task of the nursing agency for individuals or group of people with health-related issues or limitations. Care provided can be self-care or dependent care and these include diagnosis, prescription and management. 2. The theory of self-care deficit: It is the essential part of the theory. Self-care def-icit is the relationship that exist between the self-care agency and self-care de-mand and it is aimed at ensuring the self-care are below the demand for self-care.
According to Rogers patients can participate knowing the change process to its capacity. The characteristics basically, describes of the life processes of the patient are: Energy field, openness, pattern and dimensionality. This model, the nurses role is to serve people. Rogers also includes, Therapeutic touch, humour, music, mediation, imagery and color use. Nurses intervention are there to coordinate the rhythm between human and environment and assisting the patient in the change process and toward a better health.
3.1 Personal concept In order to achieve great outcome of individualized or holistic care of patients, effective communication between the nurses and patients is required. Communication is a vital tool in nursing care. The purpose of nurse-patient communication is to create a nurse-patient therapeutic relationship,
(World Health Organization (1983). Holistic nurses val-ue themselves and mobilize the necessary resources to care for themselves. They en-deavour to integrate self-awareness, self-care and self-healing by engaging in practices such as self-assessment, meditation, yoga, good nutrition, movement, art, support and lifelong learning. They strive to achieve balance and harmony in their own life and help others do the same. (AHNA scope and Standards of Practice, Core Value 5,
Rehabilitation nurses, whether novice or expert, search for and use current evidence, and supportive technology to deliver optimal client and family-centered care (Stephanie, Kristen, Cynthia, Pamala, Jill, Wendy, Christine, David, 2015, p.35). According to the association of rehabilitation nurses, “the role of the nurse is to assist clients in adapting to an altered lifestyle while providing a therapeutic environment for client’s and their family’s development”. Rehabilitation nurses identify client and caregiver health and wellness needs, including facilitators and barriers to health improvement, and integrate community care services that manage chronic disease and support healthier time (Smeltzer, 2010)”. Health promotion through primary prevention, as well as preventing complications for those with existing disabilities is essential to the role of the rehabilitation nurse (ARN, 2014a,b). The rehabilitation staff nurse designs and implement treatment strategies that are based on scientific nursing theory related to self-care and promote physical, psychosocial, and spiritual health (ARN, 2014).
She believes that nursing interventions are key to nursing care. Watson’s nursing theories express that the mind, body and spirit of the patient should be taken into consideration. I agree with Watsons that while providing care the nurse should consider care base on the patient as a whole and not just focus on the disorder. I was taught to use Maslow’s hierarchy of need while planning and providing care for my patients. Maslow’s hierarchy is use to prioritize a patient need from life treating issues to love and belong.
It is this emphasis on patient and their needs that allows for tailored judgment and interventions. Moreover, nurses should respect patients’ responsibility, ability and participation for their own health. Nurses surrender their desire to control, and focus on co-operation and collaboration in making judgment (Gibson, 1991). Patient empowerment urged nurses to think out of a patriarchal framework. Indeed, it is the nurses clinical expertise, collaborative skills and their knowledge of the health care system that serves as a source of power that allow nurses to make their care delivery more patient centered (Ponte et.
The main role of the public health nurse is to provide the best evidence based quality of care to the client and his/her family in order to encourage independence and well-being. This in turn will help improve the client’s quality of life throughout the disease progression. Within the community the public health nurse must assess individual needs, plan care, implement care by liaising with the primary care team and evaluate the care provided. Throughout this process the client and his/her family must be involved and an adequate timeframe provided. The public health nurse acts as an advocate by communicating with GPS, practice nurses, specialists, hospitals and other health service providers, both voluntary and involuntary.
Therefore, • RN one roles effectively communicating to enhance the patient care to be effective • RN two offering care to the patient as specified by the case manager • The LPN collects data that was utilized in the assessment of the patient • NA role helping in answering calls Advantages and disadvantages of the models All the four models of nursing care delivery presented have advantages and disadvantages. Thus, they may vary appropriately in delivering health care to a patient, but at the same time, they are limited in some aspects. Thus, their significances to the patient, nursing staff, family and nurse manager are outlined. Team nursing Advantages The satisfaction of the patient is improved when this model is utilized. Additionally, it becomes possible to make a decision concerning the healthcare at lower levels.
On another hand studies clarified which factors impact the quality of nursing care from the Patient’s opinion , e.g. environment factors, patient awareness, nurse–patient relationship and personality/behavior . ( Williams 2004 ). also , wasted nursing care had important impact on nurse-reported counter events such as hospital acquired infections, patients taking error medications or dosage , and more accident of patient falls causing injury. The quality of care on the basis of nursing care insufficiency was also explored and indicated that a important relationship presented between quality care and patient safety ratings .
This leads to a process of actions and reaction resulting in an interaction. An interaction is the goal directed portion of relationship built upon perception and communication. This leads to a transition, which is when mutually valued, as goals are achieved. Building a nurse-patient relationship with good communication is the key to mutually work towards an attainable goal to improve the patient 's’ health and quality of life. According to King “If nurses with special knowledge and skills communicate appropriate information to clients, mutual goal setting and goal attainment with occur” (as cited in McEwen & Wills, 2014, p. 176).