When writing an argument, it is always helpful to observe whether others argue effectively or ineffectively depending on their reasoning. The Toulmin method of analysis, based on the philosopher Stephen Toulmin, is a way to analyzing a written argumentative piece, with a deeper thinking responding to that particular argument and give a better understanding of the explanation given. In the excerpt Raise Wages, Not Walls the argument being discussed is that building walls won't approach the problem of illegal immigration correctly, because there are always ways around it or loopholes, but to instead raise minimum wages and reduce low paying jobs. So why waste the money and labor on building ineffective walls, when there is another solution to better the problem with illegal immigration in this country.
The general idea or claim of this argumentative piece is that building a wall in order for the immigrants not to get through has a lot of flaws and won't work as the Congress think it would. …show more content…
Which leads to the rebuttal of the argumentative piece, “Curiously, most members of Congress who take a hard line on immigration also strongly oppose increasing the minimum wage, claiming it will hurt businesses and reduce jobs” (Dukakis & Mitchell, 2006). Nonetheless the authors have an exception to this rebuttal, that is if “We want to reduce illegal immigration, it makes sense to reduce the abundance of extremely low-paying jobs that fuels it. If we raise the minimum wage, it’s possible some low- end jobs may be lost; but more Americans would also be willing to work in such jobs, thereby denying them to people who aren’t supposed to be here in the first place” Assuming that most american citizens are going to work, they would take up all the jobs provided out there, assuming that the minimum wage went up and they would be payed better (Dukakis & Mitchell,
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(Card and Kreuger 1995, p. 593) This finding shows that the minimum wages fail to reduce poverty because many poor Americans do not work. Also, this increase would not be well targeted at low income households, and would only influence negligible effects on the income inequality. All these evidence suggest that the minimum wage increases do not reduce
My father used to always say that, “If you got Congress in a room together, they’d talk about everything but what was actually important,” and it’s on a similar note that William Finnegan, a longtime contributor to the New Yorker, begins his piece. In Demonizing the Minimum Wage, which first appears in the online version of the New Yorker magazine, Finnegan dives head first into his argument, claiming that the federal minimum wage, which as of September 2014 was $7.25 an hour, is simply not enough. Through the implementation of logical references, subtle emotional appeals and several credible sources, William Finnegan efficiently argues that the current federal minimum wage is too low. Throughout his article, Finnegan uses several logical
A controversial topic often debated between liberals and conservatives is the minimum wage issue. While many liberals advocate for raising it, a number of conservatives are persistent on keeping the rate constant; however, studies show that raising minimum wage would not alleviate this country’s poverty issue and would, in fact, increase the unemployment. For these reasons, the minimum wage should not be raised. Increasing the minimum wage would cause economic strain in many ways to workers already living in poverty. According to James Sherk’s article: ‘Raising the Minimum Wage Will Not Reduce Poverty’, raising minimum wage to seven dollars and twenty five cents would cause an estimated eight percent of current workers to lose their jobs.
Raising the minimum wage has been one of the biggest debates during the 21st century. One side of the spectrum argues that raising it will make it so they have a living wage, while the other argues that raising it will hurt the economy. Whichever the case is, people are clearly divided on this issue. Before Oregon passed the 15 dollar minimum wage law, people wrote arguments to try to either prevent or pass this law. The article, “How a $15 minimum wage would affect a real business: Guest opinion” by Lee Spector argues that raising the minimum wage would hurt small businesses like the one he earns.
Imagine that you are walking when suddenly you come across a twenty-foot wall in the middle of your path. It is made of steel and concrete with security cameras perched along the top. You look at it and realize that there is not a way for you to cross this wall, so you turn around and head back in the direction that you came, back to the job and the life you know. On the other side of the wall a similar person approaches, but then turns away and goes back to their life. Neither one of you comes into contact with the other but you go back to the life you know, not interrupting or endangering the other’s life.
A minimum wage increase from “$7.25 to $10.10 would result in a loss of 500,000 jobs”. ("The Effects of Minimum-Wage Increase on Employment and Family Income”) This claim is better because it shows how raising the minimum wage will decrease job growth instead of increasing it. But, the minimum wage should be increased because increasing will also increase economic activity and spur job growth, decrease poverty, and improvements in productivity and economic growth have outpaced increases in the minimum
Humans are like parrots; what society tells them, they repeat and believe to be true. However, this habit often creates unseen barriers that divide and alienate people from one another. In Luis Alberto Urrea’s book The Devil’s Highway, Urrea tells the story of 26 illegal immigrants who are abandoned as they attempt to cross the Mexico-U.S. border. Through their story, Urrea reveals that there are invisible borders that create discrimination, such as language, ethnicity, and economic status. In order to break down these borders, education is essential to prove that they are unnecessary constructions of society.
The author of this article uses a form of ethos, by using professional and credible individuals, to state facts and propositions pertaining to immigration. Much like this paper is being written, the author of the article uses phrases and quotes from highly qualified people to cement his stance on the issue and provide evidence that supports his point of view. An example of ethos is found when the author discusses when reforms were trying to be addressed, during the Bush administration. The statement says, “It also allowed more people to enter the country legitimately, by establishing a guest-worker program, ‘a legal and orderly [way] for foreign workers to enter our country to work on a temporary basis’, as President Bush later described it in his 2007 State of the Union address” (“Immigration Policy,” 2013). The use of President Bush in the article allows for a credible and trustworthy source to discuss the issue at hand and provide a sense of facts and like stated before, credibility to the audience.
In this essay about the article redacted by Reese Jones Why to Build a Border Wall? different aspects will be presented. A summary of the topic will be presented to explain what the author is trying to communicate and his point of view in his article. Also, a rhetorical and ideas critique along with a personal reflection will be presented. This article is about the purpose of border walls and their benefits from dividing two different places. In the rhetorical critique, his appeal to ethos, logos, and pathos will be identified and explained briefly, also, in the ideas critique, his ideas will be critiqued to support a different point of view.
The essay starts off with a quote, “Raising the minimum wage… would insure… that a family of four with a parent working full time at the minimum wage did not have to raise their children in poverty” This quote right here is one of the best ways to agree with raising the minimum wage mostly because we as a society have
Argumentative Writing Undocumented immigrants are getting deported and they can’t have an experience they wanted to have when they came to america. But, because of the us government they can’t have this experience some get this experience but they still have to be very careful. They all also fear because some of them have kids then they fear for themselves and then there kids because it’s their family. Do you want to live in a community where you see mexican and people on the streets because of crossing the border. This is why i think that the government shouldn’t deport undocumented immigrants because then they don't get a chance to have an american experience.
He also goes in to explain the impact at a state level versus a federal level, this level of detail is going to be very helpful when it comes to writing my research paper. Majority of his journal is facts, statistics, and research in a very detailed way. He mentions certain things that are not mentioned in my other sources that can be helpful when writing my research paper. In his concluding paragraph he states that in all of his research it can be concluded that the illegal immigrants have a large, positive impact on the United States economy. He also mentions that future immigration policy should recognize the impact that illegal immigrants have on the United States economy, and that deportation would hurt the United States economy
In some people’s minds, they automatically assume yes, but in reality, it’s a no, immigrants tend to perform labor, and do minimal jobs that Americans don’t, and won't do, so they mistake that as immigrants taking ‘Americans job’, but it’s actually a missed opportunity. One reason for people not taking the jobs is because of the hours, the next reason is the pay might not satisfy a legal immigrant, and people born in America, another reason is it wouldn’t be able to support a regular American family, but they will be able to support an illegal immigrant. The downside is that the policymakers disagreement is the weak labor since the spread immigrants flow has made a dramatic change seeing that the H-B has issued down by twenty- five percent in 2010. The last reasoning is American people want to have a debate on if immigration is stealing American jobs, but according to evidence immigrants actually increases job opportunity and incomes of Americans. This is wise because even George G. Borjas’s long-run estimates suggest that immigrants raise the wages of people with high school diplomas.”-
On the other hand, workers who had a hard time finding a second job to make up for their lost hours might have been earning much less. ”(Source 4) The rise of the minimum wage is not working in one place, it does not mean it will see the same results in other places, the first step of improvement is identifying the errors. If Congress can find the issues between why the rise of minimum wage is not working in Seattle they might be able to find a successful way to improve the problem why minimum wage has to rise at all. Minimum wage jobs were created for inexperienced teens but, now there are jobs where you start at the minimum.
For instance, from the article “The effects of minimum wage” by David Neumark states that employers will try to keep away from low-skilled workers if the wage were to increase because it would cause them to be wasting money to train them; especially for students and high school graduates who are in absence of any work experience. With minimum wage increasing for the past couple of years it makes it difficult on employers who run small businesses to hire more new workers because they too are also citizens that have to pay their taxes and extra just to keep their business up and running. Such as the author Gina Kim who wrote the article “Minimum wage: helpful or harmful for small businesses” states that 85% of small businesses pay workers a bit more than the minimum to keep their workers interested in the job and they have to make profits out of their business to keep it on track. These businesses cannot innovate if the wage increases because then the labor market will pick up the prices on materials as well creating more of a problem for small business owners to keeping their company open for as long as possible and their solution would be to not hire a lot of employees. This pretty much explains the reasoning about how it will be troublesome for new fresh workers trying to just gain experience and get hard earned