Many people who have FTD have changes in their behavior, become impulsive, and lose their ability to speak. ii. In the article, Dementia and Its Implications for Public Health, written by the CDC and published in April 2006, FTD can cause a person to become very inappropriate with their language and sexual behavior. It can also cause older adults to have trouble reading and writing. iii.
Sjogren’s syndrome is a disease of middle aged women with a female to male ratio of 10:1.  It is a chronic lymphoproliferative disorders that shows a spectrum of clinical manifestations and presents a primary or secondary disease. It can involve only exocrine glands, in which it is called as glandular, or extend to involve other sites as well, in which case it is called extraglandular. The exact etiopathogenetic mechanism is unknown. Polyclonal B-cell hyperreactivity with abnormalities of autoregulation have been reported, the histopathologic substrate of Sjogren’s syndrome is characterized by presence of lymphocytic infiltrates in glandular and extraglandular sites.
The study included 16 female participants (mean age of 58 years) and 23 male participants (mean age of 52 years) with a history of diabetes (mean period of 8 years) and hypertension following diabetes that led to Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA). Hence, inclusion criteria for the study included people with stroke presenting with a history of metabolic syndrome (diabetes-hypertension). Detailed clinical evaluation was done, with careful consideration of pre and post morbid stages. MRI and CT scan was examined to get an understanding of the client’s site of lesion and areas affected. Following this, Western Aphasia Battery was administered to understand the type of aphasia.
The Journey: Parkinson 's Disease In the article titled “The Journey: Parkinson 's Disease” written by authors Mary G. Baker and Lizzie Graham, they describe the disease as a journey taken by the patients effected by the disease. For example, every journey taken needs some type of map or guidance to use and assist you throughout your journey. The map in this scenario is the useful information given by a healthcare provider to help them step by step in the process of their “journey”. The article explains that every map has a beginning and end of course. The beginning is different for all Parkinson’s patients, the average age of people diagnosed with this disorder is around 65 years of age.
Hyperacusis is found to be associated with both peripheral and central factors. Hyperacusis is often accompanied by a cochlear hearing loss, and this usually involves damage to cochlear hair cells and subsequent auditory nerve degeneration. However, annoyance, fear, and pain hyperacusis must involve central mechanisms. Hyperacusis is a co morbid condition of various other medical conditions that are either peripheral or central factors. Hyperacusis is found in Bell’s palsy, Ménière’s disease, perilymph fistula, superior semicircular canal dehiscence, acoustic trauma, barotrauma, noise-induced hearing loss, stapedectomy, tympanoplasty, Autism, carotid aneurysm, middle cerebral aneurysm, head injury, multiple sclerosis, migraine, epilepsy, myasthenia
3. Review of Literature 3.1 Parkinson’s Disease7 Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease comprising of a spectrum of motor as well as non-motor manifestations. The classic motor manifestations of the disease include rigidity, rest tremors, bradykinesia and impairment of the gait. Along with these cardinal features of Parkinson’s disease, freezing of gait, postural instability, speech difficulty, autonomic disturbances, sensory alterations, mood disorders, sleep dysfunction, cognitive impairment, and dementia are associated manifestations. The median age at diagnosis is 55 years. The diagnosis in patients below 40 years of age is regarded as younger onset Parkinson’s disease.
In certain cases, medical teams will be attach catheter into the urine bag. When necessary, is done filming the structure of kidney with CT (computed tomography) scans or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans and biopsies, that kidney tissue sampling. Causes Of Kidney Failure Diseases of the kidney failure is usually due to some serious disease that progressively damages organs that have an impact on sized in length ranging from 10-13 centimeters and a thickness 5 – 7.5 centimetres. There are several types of illnesses that can affect kidney damage, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and blockage of the urinary tract. Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure.
The reason for this is perhaps most clearly shown by looking at the prevalence of intracranial haemorrhage. This varied from 0.9% to 35% among the 16 studies (Table 2). The variation in the ICH prevalence rates is mainly explained by the variability in the inclusion criteria. Those studies that had low prevalence rates studied every patient that was treated for head injury attending the emergency department, whereas the studies with high prevalence rates used criteria such as ‘all children admitted for observation with loss of consciousness’. A second reason that may have contributed to the heterogeneity is the definition of intracranial haemorrhage used in each study.
Short-term memory loss can be part of Dementia progression but one must Rule out underline causes. Looking at the case study. Mrs A plan of care, requirement would include drawing on the expertise of her GP. Underline causes such as “A urinary tract infection (UTI) can cause an elderly person to become confused, undernourished, dehydrated, depressed; and can cause severe memory loss. Urinary tract infections are common in dementia patients” (DeMarco,
Pathophysiology “ Multiple sclerosis cam be defined as an autoimmune disease that affects the myelin sheath and conduction of pathway of the nervous system (CNS). It is one of the leading causes of neurologic disabilities in young adults. It is a chronic disease that is characterized by periods of remission and exacerbation.” (Ignataviscius & Workman, 2013, p. 978) Multiple sclerosis affects all patient’s differently, progressing at different rates over different periods of time. “As the severity and duration of the disease progress, the periods of exacerbation become more frequent, however patient’s with MS have a normal life expectancy as long as the effects of the disease are treated.” (Ignataviscius & Workman, 2013, p. 978) Clinical Manifestations/
There are different types of dementia and are described as follows: Fig 1.2 (a) different types of dementia with their percentages There are different types of dementia are Alzheimer’s, vascular, mixed, dementia with lewy’s body and frontotemporal dementia etc. and there are other types of dementia too such as AIDS dementia, Parkinson’s dementia etc. The Alzheimer’s is most common form of dementia. Let us describe the each of them in detail: Alzheimer’s dementia: Fig 1.2(b) area of brain affected and cross-section that is seen from the front in Alzheimer’s dementia. These type of dementia occurs about; this occurs due to the short-term memory loss.
According to a site that specializes in providing information about dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, states that “Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is caused by physical changes in the brain.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Whereas Alzheimer’s is a “Type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Generally speaking, one could imagine
Dynamic Dementia is a standout amongst the most critical illness ' examined in elderly individuals today. Inside of the territory of Dementia there an alternate sorts. One noteworthy sort is Alzheimer 's sickness, there is additionally Huntington 's ailment, Parkinson 's illness, and Mixed Dementia to give some examples. Dementia inside of today 's general public influences about portion of the elderly populace, and there are tests being done with a specific end goal to discover these reasons. One consider dependably took a gander at exploration is how much a man 's qualities play into adding to these illnesses.
Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a developmental disorder that affects many parts of the body. The affected individuals show variable features of this disorder. It ranges from relatively mild to severe. Cornelia de Lange syndrome is characterized by slow growth before and after birth, intellectual disability that is usually severe to profound, skeletal abnormalities involving the arms and hands, feeding difficulties and distinctive facial features. The distinctive facial features include synophrys (arched eyebrows that often grow together in the middle), long eyelashes, depressed nasal bridge, an uptilted nasal tip and anteverted nares, thin upper lip with downturned corners of the mouth, widely spaced teeth and posteriorly rotated low-set ears.
The measuring levels of the immunoglobulins is one way of tracking the extent and progression of the disease. If the immunoglobin that is secreted from myeloma the normal immunogobulin will be suppressed. Liquid and solid bone marrow samples are examined under a microscope to test for myeloma. The smoldering multiple myeloma is a condition that involves the findings of abnormal plasma cells that produce a monoclonal protein, but no symptoms. Indolent multiple myeloma this type of myeloma have an elevated number of abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow that may or may not produce monoclonal protein.