Prison Overcrowding and the Death Penalty There are 2.3 million people incarcerated in prison or jail in the United States of America. The United States of America has the highest incarceration of any country in the world. One out of five people in prison is in there for drug crimes (Rabuy, 2017). Prison overcrowding is inhumane and unnecessary to protect society from offenders.
Overcrowding in prisons is something that the U.S. struggles with. The increasing number of people being incarcerated is making the over-crowding problem more prevalent. Over-crowding in prisons has been a growing concern over the years. It creates many dismal effects on the conditions of the officers, the building its self, and the inmates.
Under the guise of public safety, law enforcement law and sentencing policies became stringent and tough on crime during the war on drug era. The results only served to increase incarceration rates. According to U.S. Prison Population Trends in 1972 there were roughly 330,000 people in prison and jail (2016) and according to Criminal Justice Facts by 2013 that number had mushroomed to 2.2 million people (n.d.). It was also noted that most of the growth in the prisoner population occurred in vulnerable populations and a disproportionate number of whom were black or Latino.
Juvenile Justice Essay In the United States, there have been many cases where a juvenile would be found guilty and be tried as an adult. There are other cases where those juveniles are tried as adult forever. I am against charging juveniles as adults when they commit violent crimes, the juveniles lose many educational opportunities and the adult system is far too dangerous for the young juveniles. Juveniles are also young kids but only the fact that they do not get the same amount of education or experience that other teens gain.
According to statistics, approximately two million juveniles under the age of 18 in the United States are arrested each year. Over 600,000 of them are placed in detention centers annually and approximately 95,000 reside in secure juvenile correctional settings on any given day. Further numbers suggest that the United States leads all industrialized nations worldwide in juvenile incarcerations. With criminal records also come detrimental consequences including: difficulty of finding employment, loss of public housing, immigration concerns, increased drop-out rates and the potential of recidivism.
A therapist ONLY addressing an offender 's mental illness may be problematic because offenders have criminogenic needs that need to be treated in order to reduce criminal behavior. The Risk-Needs-Responsivity (RNR) model of corrections and rehabilitation was designed by Andrews, Honta, and Hoge in 1990. This model has demonstrated the strongest research-support on its ability to explain and treat criminal behavior. Andrews and Bonta have shown that in order to produce a successful rehabilitation program, the program must "respect the individual, have a psychological theory basis, and should work in junction with the enhancement of preventative services". This model reveals the importance of going beyond ONLY addressing an offender 's mental illness and providing treatment relevant to
Your discussion was very interesting, frightening, and troubling to read. From the research we have conducted this week, overcrowding seems to be at the top of the list for correctional facilities throughout the country. This one factor is placing the officers that work in these facilities in danger. It’s frustrating to me that so many prisons and jails do not require any type of structure for the inmates. Without structure and overcrowded facilities, a recipe for violence is created. Governments across the country simply must invest more in corrections and their infrastructures. The inmate population shows no sign of being reduced and officer’s safety has to be a priority. New facilities should be designed with more single occupant
Juvenile Detention Centers are the facilities that the government use for children that do not know how to act and are steadily getting in to trouble with either the law or in school. Some facilities do meet the requirements of education but then there are some that do not have the books or the technology to help the kids with their education. Then there are some facilities that don’t discipline the children in these facilities like they are suppose to; some let the kids do almost whatever they want and guards tend to get “cool” with the inmates, and give them more privileges than others.
Growing up can be a difficult time for any child, especially when going through their adolescent years. Children are still becoming acquainted with the concept of what differentiates right and wrong. These children can be easily influenced by the people around them, such as: parents, relatives, siblings, friends, teachers, neighbors, or people, in general, of whom they are accompanied with on a daily basis. But what happens when children are surrounded by neglectful, abusive parents, or are always with a crowd of seditious delinquents? The programs that are presented to children on television, on the radio, or articles and blogs on the internet can tremendously affect their thought process on the way they view the world. It has become evident
California overcrowding prisons conditions has gain National attention. The U.S. Supreme court has found that California is in violation of the 8th Amendment. California has been required to reduce their prison inmates by 40,000 inmates. California has utilized many options to reduce the inmate population within the prison system. California has to two years to reduce the inmates count in the prison system.
The author presented good points when it comes to the issues with placing juveniles in secure confinement. When placing these juveniles into confined locations it can sometimes set them up for failure and the chance of rehabilitation is slim to none. In the text it mentions issues these kids face by being in a secure facility, the issues consists of not being properly handled to due undertrained staff , not having enough staff to monitor the kids, and keeping the kids away from the adult offenders if they are placed in that type of facility. These issues and others have been known to cause depression, suicide/suicide attempts, rape, and other horrible things to happen to the kids. The text shows that by placing the juveniles on
This website covers the issue of prison overpopulation. This issue affects prisons all across the country. The first feature the website provides a list of each of the fifty states. Choosing a state will take you to a page that provides the number of incarcerated prisoners currently being held and the total cost to run the prison per day. The website also has a section that has articles explaining why prison overcrowding is a problem. This section also shows the demographics, state policies, and the rising costs of overcrowding. The website provides a section about possible solutions to the problem. This section has articles about changes to the courts and states that could help solve the problem. The website also offers case studies and news
Juveniles may not be adults however; they should be punished the same as an adult if they committed a serious crime. Say a juvenile had murdered someone, they should be charged as an adult and not be given certain amount of years and then probation. These juveniles who commit serious crimes knew what they were doing and should deal with the consequence no matter the age. I am not saying that a a juvenile under the age of 18 should be put in adult prison, however they should be in a juvenile detention until he/she is old enough to be transferred in to a prison. Lowery (2014) talked about a young juvenile named Terrance who had many robbery record and he was given opportunities to better his life after being arrested. Terrance first time being
Overcrowded prison has been a serious problem facing our correctional facilities for decades (Haney, 2006). By not having the adequate space and support to satisfy the detainees’ needs for rehabilitation will result in prisoners leaving the system unprepared for civilian life, guaranteeing that former law-breaker will fall back into the prison system increasing the overcrowding problem. Secondly, by squeezing such a large number of the detainees into a space intended to just hold a specific amount of people stretches the possibilities of prisoners lashing out on prison guards causing riots resulting in unsafe conditions for both inmates and prison staff. As agreed by Governor of the state of California Edmund G Brown Jr, “In the last year,
The juvenile correctional system is similar to the adult correction system. However, some juvenile correctional systems are also recognized as juveniles being incarceration is similar like being at home. Over time, the juvenile correction system has faced issues that, with time, are being solved.