Due to several injustices within the American justice system, society has become more divided. The criminal justice system in the United States has been criticized for being a race-based establishment Institutions where minorities are subjected to more strenuous punishments than their white counterparts. Nonetheless, it goes without any debate that racism exists in the justice system. Are these realities the errors of a moral justice system, or does it prove that the criminal bias organization is working as expected? Is the criminal justice system utilized to regulate and manage the minority population?
Racial Disparity in the criminal justice system is when a certain ethnic group that does not represent the majority of the population is in charge or holds more power within the system than other ethnic groups. A misrepresentation of ethnicity with the Criminal Justice System. This misrepresentation can lead to the assumption that people of different ethnic backgrounds and the same crime will be treated differently within the criminal justice system. But, in some cases this assumption becomes reality. This reality is what must change. This reality that White, Black, Hispanic and Asian criminals can and will be treated differently even though they have committed similar crimes must be done away with. How to go about it is the where the issue lies. Do you incarcerate more white criminals to help
Residential schools are largely symbolic today of Canadian racism and discrimination. With the effects massively widespread, Residential schools have become symbolic of the government's treatment of aboriginal people. With this, we’ve seen the Canadian government treat aboriginal people as less than them. Residential schools embody all of these traits, continuing to in its symbolic representation of pain, desperation, and racism among Canadian
For decades in Canada, officially beginning in 1892, children were taken away from their families and put into schools that would change and take away their views and beliefs, initial knowledge, image, and identity. In the earlier stages, these schools were referred to as Industrial Schools for Indians. Today, we call them Residential Schools with Aboriginal survivors who are able to tell their stories. Aboriginal people suffered while there schools were running. This essay will compare the knowledge in a recent article to primary sources that were written while Industrial Schools were in action. The actions of assimilating Aboriginal people through a strict form of education caused a negative butterfly effect upon the public and Aboriginal
Courts are a major evaluative stage of the criminal justice system and we rely on these courts to determine our outcomes based on the crime that was committed. Today, there is more diversity of leadership in the court system but, race still plays a role in the outcome of the offender. This could range from petty crimes being committed like traffic infractions or facing the death penalty based on the race of the offender or victim. This paper will examine the three types of disparities that cause biased sentencing in the courts. The three types of disparities are race, social class, and gender and these all play a huge factor when making a decision based off an offender.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission is a starting point; however, it is simply not enough to integrate the aboriginals into Canadian society. Apologizing for wrong doing and compensating individuals that have lived through the terror of residential schools is not enough to prevent the issue from recurring again. There are multiple steps that need to be taken in order to correct for Canada’s original sin. First, negotiations between the federal government and the aboriginal people need to take place. Next, Canadians need to educate their youth of the historical truth. Lastly, it is necessary to look at aboriginals as people, and not a foreign
Some women are afraid for their lives, that if they leave their partner, they or their family will be harmed. In Heavenfire’s case, she truly loved and cared for Falardeau and did not want to see him go to jail for his crimes. Falardeau financially supported Heavenfire and she did not want to involve her family for support if she were to leave Falardeau. Heavenfire’s was an exceptional case as she was the first aboriginal to be cleared of all charges in her husband’s killings. Inequality in the criminal justice system is evident. Indigenous people are incarcerated at much higher rates than non-Indigenous in Canada and are incarcerated for longer periods of time (Cook & Roesh, 2012, p.222). Canadians have put Indigenous communities through much heartache and pain. With the colonization of Indigenous people to residential schools, Canadians continue to stigmatize and treat Indigenous people poorly. Indigenous people are more likely to suffer from drug abuse using needles because of the intergenerational trauma suffered through their parents attending residential schools in Canada (Bombay, Matheson, & Anisman, 2014, p. 327). This puts them at a higher criminal risk than others because of what they have been subjected to. Reasons et al., (2016) found that, “offending and victimization are a consequence of multiple risk factors,
International prison population statistics have found that the female prison population is increasing at a faster rate than the male prison population. Research has confirmed that, in the majority of countries, the male imprisonment rate is predominantly larger than that of the female imprisonment rate, however this does not apply to indigenous women within Australia. Overwhelming research shows that the imprisonment rate for indigenous women within Australia has increased at a significantly faster rate compared to indigenous males, most clearly highlighted through the general trends in prison rates within the last decade. This essay will discuss how the presence of indigeneity plays a key role in explaining the disparity between male and female imprisonment rates, further explaining why indigenous women are incarcerated at significantly highly rates. Moreover, there are numerous sociological and criminological theories, which provide an explanation for the disparity of male and female imprisonment rates. Furthermore, this essay will also discuss the social implications of these prison population trends in relation to criminal justice polices, other social policies related to
Indigenous peoples of Canada have been considered inferior to all other citizens, and have been abused and neglected through European history, and can be seen as a form of genocide. In Canadian residential schools, children were removed from the home, sexually assaulted, beaten, deprived of basic human necessities, and over 3 500 women and girls were sterilized, and this went on well into the 1980 's (Nicoll 2015). The dehumanization of Indigenous peoples over the generations has left a significant impact on society today; the generational trauma has left many Indigenous peoples heavily dependent of drugs and alcohol, and the vulnerability of Indigenous women has led to extremely high rates of violent crime towards these women. A report that
Women played a prominent part in the political and cultural life of many traditional Aboriginal societies. First and foremost, they were honoured as the givers of life. Their ability to bear, raise and nurture the new generation was seen as a special gift from the Creator, a source of awesome power and equal
homelessness, in this paper I will be talking about a program that has been created and planned
From the late 1800s to the later 1900s Residential schools were used to force white Catholic culture onto Indigenous Peoples. This had a great effect on Aboriginal Peoples and ended up ripping families apart, destroying Aboriginal culture and effecting aboriginal peoples far into the future after the events that happened at the schools. This essay will shed some light on one of Canada's darkest parts of history.
The historical trajectory of Talaga’s (2017) book is defined in the ongoing “colonial” legacy of racism that has neglected the deaths of indigenous youths. For example, a young child, Chanie Wenjack, ran away from a residential school in 1966, but was found frozen to death on railway tracks. This example is based on Talaga’s objective observation of the records kept on these children, which define a pattern of runaways at the St, Joseph’s residential School that Chanie attended: “There are reports of runaways in different frequencies throughout historical archives” (Talaga, 2017, p.159). In this manner, Talaga accurately shows a historical pattern of runaways due to the abusive and neglectful environment of these schools, which define the continued “colonial” pattern of forcing children to adapt to European/Canadian culture. More importantly, Talaga (2017) begins to connect the ongoing alienation and neglect of indigenous youths into the 21st century. However, with the removal of the residential schools the Canadian government took differing tactics to avoid a committed enforcement of policies that would protect these children in the 21st
Aboriginal people are a name for the original people of North America and their descendants (“Aboriginal Peoples and Communities”, 2015). The different types of groups of aboriginal peoples are First Nations, Métis and Inuit (“Aboriginal Peoples and Communities”, 2015). In Canada over 1.4 million people identify themselves as an Aboriginal person (“Aboriginal Peoples and Communities”, 2015). Although aboriginal people where the first in Canada they are considered one of the poorest groups in the country.
One of the biggest controversies in society today is concerning whether or not the criminal justice system is racially bias. It is clear that blacks are overrepresented in America’s prison system. For example, they are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of white people and “constitute for nearly 1 million of the total 2.3 million incarcerated population” (Criminal Justice). Although this is true, the disproportionate number of black men serving time in the criminal justice system is due to circumstance, not necessarily race. While there are some judges, police officers, or other officials who may have a racial bias towards black people, in the majority of cases blacks are not arrested because their race, they are arrested because they