Was the enactment of the War Measures Act during the October Crisis Justified? When one thinks of a terrorist attack, Canada is not usually the first one to come to mind. Canada is usually regarded as a very peaceful country. But Canada was not always peaceful internally; in fact it had raging internal battles with the French wanting independence.
All around the world, there are times when governments need more power to run, maintain and protect their countries. In these times of peril an act or declaration may be needed. In Canada, this act is known as the War Measures Act. The War Measures Act was a federal statute that gave more control to the Canadian government such as repurposing factories, enforcing harsher laws on immigration and immigrants, and the ability to perform searches or arrest without due process to maintain security and order during times of crisis. This act was enacted three-times; during World War I, World War II, and most controversially during the October Crisis.
The 1960’s and 70’s were a time of political turmoil and unrest in Canadian history. The October of 1970 in particular, is a period remembered for its violence and hate. The kidnapping of two Canadian politicians by the Front de Libération du Québec (FLQ), a terrorist group, changed Canadian society forever. The FLQ and the October Crisis ignited separatist feelings in French Canadians, changed the way the government handled national emergencies and altered Canadians’ opinions on key issues. The October Crisis is a truly significant moment in Canadian history for many reasons.
Although, on October 13th, Prime Minister Trudeau was interviewed by CBC. This interview was talked about all over through the public, they admired Trudeau's courage, bravery, and love for his pride and country. Then on October 16th Trudeau invoked the War Measures Act. The Act allowed police searches and arrests without warrants without charges and without
Today, Canada is seen as a multicultural and peaceful nation that has evolved over the course of history. This great nation would never have been possible without the impact that former Prime Minister, Lester B. Pearson left on this country. His achievements and insights profoundly affected and shaped Canada’s nation. First, peacekeeping is an important part of Canada’s heritage and a reflection of its fundamental beliefs that Pearson implemented after dealing with world changing situations and winning a Nobel Prize. Also, his contributions as a liberal leader as well as the flaws and controversy with Diefenbaker did in fact define this country.
Before, a majority of Canadians only cared about their own problems and turned a blind eye to the Holocaust, after shifting their attitude Canada helped out by sending troops to Europe in WWII. It created a shift within civil society by making them promote their organizations even more to help establish strong bonds. As stated by Professor Dominique Clément “This ‘rights revolution’ represented an important shift not only in the relationship between citizens and the state but also within civil society.” WWII really promoted change in equality and human rights by helping Canadians realize the significance of their rights and values and then fixing their mistakes to gain
Canada is now known to be a diverse, multicultural, bilingual and inclusive nation largely as a result of his work. Pierre Elliott Trudeau also believed in an equal Canada for all, he is primarily the one to introduce rights and freedoms to the citizens of Canada. While some view Pierre Trudeau as impulsive, for enforcing the War Measures Act, Trudeau enacted this for the protection of Canadian citizens against radical extremist and his actions were more rational than impulsive for the situation that had suddenly occurred. Pierre Trudeau was one of Canada’s greatest Prime Minister’s, who’s impact fundamentally changed the course of the nation by introducing multiculturalism, for introducing the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and for paradoxically upholding democracy by strong action during the October Crisis.
This act established by Borden’s government was vastly beneficial for Canada due to it being used then, and later (The Canadian Encyclopedia). The War Measures Act was a federal law embraced by the Parliament that gave powers to Canada’s government to keep security, defense, and order during the First World War. The War Measures Act was necessary and important as it did a great job by keeping Canada safe during the hard times and made it stronger as a nation. (The Canadian Encyclopedia) Therefore, it increased Canada’s independence and managed to remove it from being under Britain's control overtime as they were able to make their own decisions within their own grounds.
To call this era of drastic change the ‘Quiet Revolution’ is a vivid, and yet, paradoxical description. The Quiet Revolution was a time of intense socio-political and socio-cultural change in Quebec, which extended beyond Quebec’s borders because of its influence on contemporary Canadian politics. As a result of the effects of the changes that occurred during this Quiet Revolution, most Quebec provincial governments since the early 1960s have maintained political and social orientations based on the core concepts developed and implemented during the Quiet Revolution. As such, there is no doubt that the Quiet Revolution had a significant impact in Canadian History. This impact can be characterized by the prelude to the Quiet Revolution; the demographic evolution of Quebec; the social educational reforms that were put in place; the economic reforms and their impact; the rise of nationalism; and finally, the cultural changes that occurred.
World war one has a huge impact even in today’s society because if it had no effect Canadians wouldn’t have Remembrance Day. We respect the soldiers that gave up their lives for this country which also tragically ruined families. The war lasted four years and the soldiers’ families and friends kept getting bad news or no news at all. Canadians all over contributed in some way feeling some loyalty towards Europe. Women would volunteer overseas as nurses and children took over the farms. The way of life for the common man in Canada had changed drastically. It was a major interest on Canada’s side; civilians were using this war to prove their points, thousands died to save their families from shame.
Institutional and historical analysis often portray the motives of governments, especially in the cases of Quebec separatism and Aboriginal mistreatment. History describes attempts at compromise to rectify the problems by altering political institutions to provide more autonomy to the provinces, witness in various accords and the methods described previously. However, in regards to Aboriginals a historical relationship of exploitation and eradication sheds on the systemic issues that Aboriginals cope with and the institutions that caused them. As scholars of Canadian politics, it is important to consider historical and institutional analyses when looking at any issue, as it reveals the underlying motives of actors in regards to the cleavages that comprise a state.
Throughout Canadian history, Canada had always been socially divided. Between the English speaking majority and the French speaking majority. One of Trudeau’s main objective was to erase this separation between these two parties. Firstly, in order to ease tension between the French speaking majority, Trudeau placed a “Official Language Act” in 1969 . This was the first act that English and French the
The Prime Minister, the Senate, the House of Commons—these are people who we Canadian citizens depend on to make educated and reasonable decisions for the future of Canada. Being in such positions of power, such politicians must think on behalf of all Canadians; we trust them not to abuse their authority for selfish personal desires. However, this has not always been the case throughout history. World War I required militaries to appoint many individuals to take power in order to face the sudden state of total war; since these decisions were made rashly, numerous officers proved to be egocentric individuals who abused power for their own desires. Through the use of irony, both Remarque’s All Quiet on the Western Front and Kubrick’s Paths of