INTROCUTION To translate the R2P principles to deeds will require serious commitment from all the governments who unanimously affirmed at the 2005 World Summit Outcome that “each individual State has the responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity” (UN world summit, 2005). To relies a credible implementation, it is necessary that Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the Outcome which goes to the real issue of operationalizing the responsibility to protect (widely referred to as “R2P” in English) is sincerely adhered to by all. This brief paper will cover current R2P debate and the complex issue of implementing the R2P pillars which are: Pillar one the protection responsibilities of the State (sect. II). Pillar two International assistance and capacity-building (sect.
One could not go to war without having a just reason for doing so. Therefore, the International Humanitarian Law, subdivided into two categories, entail the rules that apply in times of armed conflict. These rules outline a) The kind of weapons that can be used in a combat, and the legitimate targets of an armed attack ; b) The protection of certain categories of persons; wounded and sick
Often times, in acting on serious matters, *the people involved need to be assured that the solution they are pursuing is best. Without reassurance, people may lose sight of their purpose. * *Thomas Paine wrote several pieces providing such encouragement for Patriots in the American Revolution . “Crisis No. 1” was a piece that he wrote directed at *American soldiers in attempts *to use rhetorical analysis to keep their hearts in the ongoing battle with Great Britain.
Valley Forge Document Based Question After a detailed analysis of the documents, it is very clear that if I was a soldier in the continental army I would stay in the army for the following important reasons: first, the urgent need of healthy and strong soldiers to fight against the British (Document A and Document C), second, the visit of the Congressional committee and hope for support (Document B and External Source 1) and finally, the last reason I would stay in the army because of Paine’s great words and I wouldn’t want to be a summer soldier (Document D and External Source 2). During the American Revolution, it is very important to notice that in the town of Valley Forge the illness and death estimates increased. This resulted in a rapid decrease of the total amount of soldier in the town. According to the statistics in Document A, it is very clear that the total number of soldier enrolled in the Valley Forge camp decreased in a period of approximately three months. To be accurate around 1800 – 2000 soldiers died around this time period.
It is MacArthur’s purpose to explain the phrase “Duty, Honor, Country.” He accomplishes this not by defining what each of the words mean, but rather illustrating what they do for the American soldier. MacArthur briefly lists three ways “Duty, Honor, Country” can aid soldiers in their mission, “They are your rallying points: to build courage when courage seems to fail; to regain faith when there seems little cause for faith; to create hope when hope becomes forlorn.” MacArthur expresses that “Duty, Honor, Country” is more than just a phrase, it is a driving force for the American soldier. The General speaks completely from experience because he is a paragon of the American soldier. MacArthur was a West Point Graduate himself and although he played prominent roles in both World Wars, he is best known for his command over troops in the Pacific front during World War II (Bio.com). MacArthur explains that in all of his years, the American soldier has never
Those were things they were fighting for. The Second thing that I will look at is logos. Logos means persuading people by the use of logic. He used antitheses by saying: ‘we have come to dedicate a portion of this field’ and ‘but larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground’. These two quotes emphasize how noble these soldiers’ actions were.’ But in a large sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannot consecrate, we cannot hallow this ground’ is also parallelism.
Understanding that some Military Occupations are tougher than others, yet our goal remains; to mold diverse Leaders by providing them the foundational standards as American Soldiers. Loyalty, Duty, Respect, Selfless-Service, Honor, Integrity and Personal Courage, are the core values we live and breathe as American Soldiers. We must not forget or become laxed because these values are the backbone to the Army and are foundational truths to our success. As Non-Commissioned Officers (NCO) we will reprioritize our conduct, in order for these values to resignate home within us. As
This immediately sets Aśoka’s idea of a non-violent rule into place. Aśoka’s Dhamma is indeed, built on the foundations of universal love and non-violence. The edicts elucidates how any casualty in a war directly affects the life of Brahmanas and Sramanas, who live by firm morals, obedience and devotion. The passage explains how a loss to/of a relative of the aforementioned, is their own loss, due to the affection they had for each other. In this light, Aśoka says that this fate is shared by all classes of men in war, and is considered deplorable.
In the professional world, opinions can be dangerous. Holding a controversial opinion can damage your reputation; stating an opinion that contradicts your boss 's can leave you vulnerable; voicing your opinion at the wrong time can make you appear foolish. The old adage attributed to Abraham Lincoln goes, "It 's better to remain silent and be thought a fool than to speak out and remove all doubt," and in the realm of business, that seems to be the truth. At the start of the 2016 NFL preseason, Colin Kaepernick, quarterback of the San Francisco 49ers, decided to take a seat during the National Anthem. His gesture during the first preseason game went unnoticed until the third preseason game.
However, it is noted that the army officers glorify courage over other virtues and condemned cowardice in which the offender is subject to be penalized. Habitually associating in an intimate behaviour with rank and confidential file as well as criticizing a regiment was a code breach of a severe nature. Not to mention, lying, condemn, and defamation of the name of kindred officers called for prompt amends. The tension between the law and honour code in context of the 18th Century British military experience is there are no definite governance of improper attitudes of an officer and a gentleman that provoke dilemma among the military officers. On the other hand, the conduct was not formalized in the Articles of War causing the charge stayed sufficiently adaptable to change as ideologies of honour altered.
The question “Would you Re- Enlist” is significant because it shows who will stand for America or back down. I will stand with America for all my life if I need to. Why is it important to ask whether a soldier at Valley Forge should have Re- Enlisted? Well it’s important because it gets you thinking about the hardships and good parts of Valley Forge. But you should always be in a well hearted attitude because if you say you are going to die you might die.
One of them was a level of trust between soldier-sensor and the reporter (Snow, 2014). Here, the reporter have to believe that the information is censored due to security concerns, and that the military is not hiding evidence of military ineptitude; while the censor have to believe the reporter is “not naively compromising legitimate secrets” (Snow, 2014). It had worked adequately, until the Vietnam conflict. This brings its first drawback to military censorship. Tensions grew between reporters and the government during the Vietnam War, especially when the Tet took offensive at the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong in January 1968.
Book Review 2: Soldiers, Statesmen, and Cold War Crises by Richard Betts Summary: Betts starts off his book by recognizing the ambiguity around the advocacy of the use of force in a crisis by military leaders even though there is a prevalent assumption that military professionals are more aggressive than diplomats and politicians. He states he writes the book in order to provide a comprehensive survey of the postwar role of American military men in decisions on their most essential function, their use of force in combat. Betts acknowledges the vast availability of literature on military participation in decisions on defense budgets and weapons procurement, but feels there is a void when looking at decision-making from the perspective of military leadership versus civilian leadership. The book addresses four principle questions. First, when the use of force was an issue, what did military advisers recommend compared to civilian advisers?
The responsibility was laid out to them clearly, but the decision to downplay this massacre would lead to events soldiers wished never happened. By omission and commission, they suppressed reports of the incident and submitted false or misleading accounts to higher headquarters. (My Lai Massacre) By suppressing the news of the massacre, Calley and his fellow officers just dug themselves a deep hole. Surely they should have expected the cause and effect from this small decision. Even if those claims made by Calley about the massacre were incorrect, since international law and the military code of conduct expressly forbade the killing of civilians, it was still the responsibility of the chain of command to ensure that Calley knew those policies.
The American President should focus on representing himself as a trustworthy and caring person. In his article in Organization Science, Robert Shamir mandates that being consistent to oneself and one’s own values allows a leader to be truthful to his/her populace. An inconsistent leader must lie at one point or another, and these lies will be evident in their history. Inconsistency must be avoided at all costs as the populace will become weary no longer trust their