Law enforcement officers scan and collect information to analysis crime in their communities then they create a plan to rectify problems and then re-assess so they will know if they had success. It is important to note for success the police need to work closely with community leaders to ensure, “proper levels of police discretion and that the police are focusing on problems the community want resolved”
Serial murders are investigated with a reactive and proactive approach. Reactive approach is when law enforcement officers respond to public calls for help. When law enforcement officers are not responding to public calls they are patrolling the community for criminal activities. Proactive approach is wen law enforcement should show their presence in the community and when law enforcement officers engage with the public. With this approach, it is preventing criminal activities from taking place.
In this week’s module one content. I learned that there should always be police integrity and community trust. “With police and community trust, there is an honored relationship between citizens and a government agency.” (Community Trust and Police Integrity, p.7-16) Secondly, police officers must be trusted to behave in an ethical way on their own. “When a terrible crime has occurred, the public may demand that the police solve it ‘no matter what they have to do,’ and so there is pressure to use unnecessary force” (Wilson, Police Ethics). Finally, police officers should always have a positive response to a negative incident.
Community Policing is the system of allocating police officers to areas so that they become familiar with local inhabitants. It is used to change the way police departments interact with the public, focusing on community concerns, including crimes. The idea of community policing is to work together to improve the life and quality in their neighborhoods. Community Policing emerged in the 1970’s with the goal to eliminate public disenchantment with police services and the criticisms of the lack of police professionalism (Fagin pg. 114).
It is also important to support the officers ' with resources such as; language skills to communicate with community members, supporting flexible work hours, choosing proper officers who have the right personalities, having a police substation in the community, and training the officers in terrorism intelligence gathering (Newman, & Clarke, 2010). There is a risk that officers can become too close to the community and become suborned; so it is important to check up on the officers reports, and activities. It may be difficult to implement community policing in immigrant neighborhoods, especially in Arab neighborhoods when there are not many Arab police officers. Among the steps to successfully integrate community policing include: the
Casting aside biases is an important task for successful communication between law enforcement and the public. Interacting and getting to know someone on a personal level can help alleviate distrust; thus, improving the relationships we have day-to-day. Honesty and transparency help to maintain the safety of our civilians and law enforcement officers. Overall, we must learn to cast aside our differences and look to see the similarities we have to one
Preventive patrol is one of the oldest form of policing. Its purpose is to deter criminal activity by placing a police officer in the view of the general public (Schmalleger, 2014). It is the officers responsibility to keep a diligent eye for any potential criminal activity, and then to intervene if necessary and lawful. This method of policing is often adopted in communities where criminal activity is high (US Legal Definition, n.d.). Deterrence is not the only purpose for this style of policing.
The experience gained working with the criminal element in society has valuable application when investigating people for a variety of deceptive behaviors. You should always inquire about the background of the investigator or the
Community values are an important factor as they affect styles of policing. Every community has different values which alter the way police approach preventing and addressing crime. Some neighborhoods might not want police presence as they feel as if their neighborhood might seem as if its high in criminal activity. Other communities might feel safe seeing patrol vehicles passing through routinely. There is also neighborhoods that might need more aggressive order maintenance as they have higher crime rates.
While I think people should be held accountable for their actions, it is important to think about why they are taking such actions to begin with. Essentially, I am interested in obtaining a Master’s in Forensic Psychology, because I think it is necessary in all aspects of life to understand and examine our actions. I believe society has reached a point in which we must take a hard look at our criminal justice system, including law enforcement training and response. I am particularly interested in first responder psychology, and how the first responder approaches situations with victims and offenders. The Master’s in Forensic Psychology degree would give me the education and tools necessary to assist in criminal justice