This paper argues that the “War on Drugs” and the current enforcement and punishment approach is not working. The results of our policies are the mass incarceration of individuals, especially blacks and Latinos. Drug experts and historians identified two main eras of the war on drugs, the 1970s’ and 1980’s, two main turning points of U.S. policy in combating drugs. The first major shift in drug policy was started by the Nixon Administration. Nixon was sworn in as the 37th President of the United States on 20 January 1969 and by July of 1969 his administration submits legislation for a comprehensive reform of federal drug enforcement laws.
The topic for this research proposal project is on community policing, and the factors that are involved in determining if relationships between law enforcement and citizens in these neighborhoods are strained. In order to be successful, community policing must be built on trust, as both civilians and law enforcement must work hand in hand to protect their communities. If there is a lack of trust, then these programs becomes broken, and can therefore lead to other violence and criminal acts. This research proposal project will focus on minority based communities and citizens, where the majority of the citizens are either African American or Hispanic.
The main purpose of this type of policing is to create a set of programs and formulate different strategies designed to bring the police officers and the public closer together. The intention is to gain more trust and cooperation between the police officers and the public. Not only that, but also gives a chance for the community to provide feedback and ultimately be heard by the police. This type of policing has been implemented in different ways, including having police officers get out of their vehicles and walk around different neighborhoods. The thought was to have the public see that these police officers are around to help and ultimately care (Siegel, 2017).
For example, they should interact in different ethnic community events which they participate in to become more familiar of their background. So the fear of the unknown backgrounds wouldn't exist. This will help expand the knowledge of the cops who aren't from ethnic backgrounds and for the people who are from ethnic backgrounds about the cops who are
The broken windows theory is a good-fighting crime strategy and suggested the way in thinking about the community. Citizens felt safer when police department conducted more foot patrol in the neighborhood and felt that police were more aware of the crime that occur. Broken windows-theory created a better environment for the community and promoted the community to stay in active programs that focused on prevention and criminal activity. In the high-crime neighborhood areas, the police worked with the community. If a window was broken then the owner of the window had to immediately replace it.
It is noted that some civilians endure difficulties when addressing concerns to police officers. Enforcing discriminatory practices when a civilian endures a language barrier with the officer is what has resulted to prevent minority groups from receiving the services they need by police officers. In this study, research was conducted on a series of interviews from Canadian police officers. The issues at hand focus on police adaptation to a multicultural setting:
Bolivia currently provides both and finds itself at the heart of a new criminal dynamic that threatens national and citizen security in this landlocked Andean nation.” ( McDermott, J.) These three sources , “ The International Drug War, Can Colombia Solve Its Drug Problem Through Peace? , and Bolivia: the New Hub for Drug Trafficking in South America,” all tie together in someway. All three sources give something about how other countries in the World are affected by drug trafficking. Source one states, “Drug production, trafficking and consumption affects every country in the world.” (Policy , D) Source two states, “ “In 1971, President Nixon announced the U.S. “war on drugs,” which every President since has carried forward as a battle standard.
This strategy advocates the use of local television, radio, newspapers, and other media to focus attention on community-based crime prevention projects and organizations. By highlighting such efforts, the media reinforces the community’s standard in opposition to all types of crime and helps build crime prevention awareness among the public. The media should be asked to publicize community events and promote public education on crime prevention through articles, public service announcements, radio shows, news programs, and cable television shows. Members of community-based crime prevention programs can begin to build partnerships with media sources by talking with reporters assigned to cover crime or community-related issues and by asking media sources for help in designing a public education campaign. Community leaders, key elected officials, church leaders, school board and Parent-Teacher Association members, philanthropists, and local celebrities often maintain contact with media sources who could be brought together to sponsor or support crime prevention activities in the
Cindy Delatorre AJS 230 Paul Brown Word Count: 942 Critical Thinking Essay Module 3 Major Organizational Theories In Police Administration & Policing In module 3 we learned and discussed about the major organizational theories related in policing. The first organizational theory that I will be discussing today is the resource dependency theory which talks about helping a person control their stress and much more.
According to Dent v. City of Dallas, the court ruled that police officers performing discretionary duties in good faith and acting within the course and scope of their employment are immune from personal liability under the doctrine of qualified immunity. The question that is presented in this situation is whether or not the police officer was acting within his course and scope of his employment. As a nation we have endowed our police officers with the right and authority to enforce the laws on whom they choose. Whether or not we reach the realization to this reality however is another story. The police officer has to use his ability on whom to arrest and not arrest responsibly because his actions do affect society.