Current Philosophies of Policing and the War on Drugs
Styles and philosophies of policing have undergone substantial changes since the beginning of codified police practice and the Statute of Winchester 1285 (Schmalleger, 2015). Illegal drugs, laws regarding illegal drug use, and the way in which illegal drugs and their use are fought have evolved with the changes in policing philosophies. The changes are evident when looking at how illegal drug crimes and offenders have been treated since the “War on Drugs” was declared by President Nixon in 1971 and current times. The effectiveness of the “War on Drugs” is debatable and depends on a persons perception of effective.
History of policing can be broken down into four eras: the Political Era which occurred from 1840 - 1930, the Reform Era commencing in 1930 and ending in 1970, the Community Policing Era which has run from 1970 to current day, and the Homeland Security Era from 2001 to current day. Policing can further be broken down into three styles which include: the Watchman style, the Legalistic style, and the Service style. Out of these styles, the Service style has raised sense of concern and a need to help citizens rather than officers being militant crime fighting soldiers. …show more content…
Strategic Policing “emphasizes an increased capacity to deal with crimes that are not well controlled by traditional methods” (Schmalleger, 2015, p. 175). The Problem-Solving Policing philosophy believes that social conditions can cause crime and that the underlying social problems need to be addressed. Community Policing has been described as “a philosophy based on forging a partnership between the police and the community so that they can work together on solving problems of crime, and fear of crime and disorder, thereby enhancing the overall quality of life in their neighborhoods” (Schmalleger, 2015, p.
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During her Tedx Talk, she often talks about 21st Century Policing and how it should be standardized in general. In addition, she focuses especially on the first pillar: building trust and legitimacy. The commissioner see community policing not as an expression, but as a philosophy that must be woven into a police organization. She recognizes that there are two groups in society: the police and the citizens. To fix this, the police need to involve the community, not just deal with it.
Eliminating drugs has been a key focus point of police departments for a long time. It has become something that SWAT teams will do anything to bust, including breaking down doors. There is an argument between people who think no knock drug raids are necessary and those who believe they bring unnecessary consequences. Kevin Sack’s article, “Door-Busting Drug raids Leave a Trail of Blood” is exposing the flaws behind no-knock drug raids across the United States. Sack claims that they are not always necessary and are often approved without appropriate evidence that a raid is the best option.
According to the text, many communities are in need of the potential benefits of the model are themselves characterized by crime, disorder, and mistrust of the police, making it very hard to successfully implement community. As for NSP, violence is power and reputation to gain over with other street gangs. According to Grant, “the growing trend within the communities to participate in the fight against crime and disorder has paralleled a growing recognition by the police that traditional crime-fighting tactics alone have a limited impact on controlling crime. Also, Community policing is the synthesis of these two movements” (Grant, pg. 297, 2008).
To understand the War on Drugs one needs to understand the cultural landscape that made the war on drugs advantageous. Ronald
crime, police and community collaboration, and program implimentation to reduce violent offenses. The task force divided the report into different subset they called pillars. The pillars took a multifacested approach to crime and community issues. Pillar 1 dealt with building turst and legitimacy, pillar two focused on policy and police oversight within the community. Policy 3 dealt with technology, policy 4 dealt with community policing and crime reduction.
Making The War on Drug a top priority meant that other serious crimes like rape and murder would not be considered important as drug crimes. The federalization of drug as crime violated beliefs of states’ rights as street crime is what necessitates law enforcement. In the breathtaking book, “The New Jim Crow” by Michelle Alexander, “Huge cash grants were made to those law enforcement agencies that were willing to make drug-law enforcement a top priority”(73). Putting money on agencies to go towards a specialized narcotics task force meant that other more serious crimes are not taken as serious as drugs crimes. There are grand theft and violent assaults, which are a greater threat to communities than illegal drug use and abuse.
For example, agencies have been established with the sole intent to manage drug use and distribution and technology has been exclusively developed to detect the presence of drugs. Yet, evidence has indicated that such exhaustive efforts have been relatively unsuccessful. First, it has been assumed that drugs have perpetuated violence in society and based on this rationale, it was believed that by the suppressing the pervasiveness of drugs that incidents of violence would simultaneously diminish. However, reality has failed to align with the expectations that had initially been anticipated. Research findings have suggested that the decriminalization of drugs would result in a less adversarial drug market in which conflicts have tended to arise among dealers as well as between dealers and buyers (Common Sense for Drug Policy, 2007, p. 21).
Problem oriented policing is a combination of law enforcement and social work (Jackson, 2016). This combination approach helps police officers to identify problems, analyze then, and determine the underlying cause. Identifying and addressing the root cause of crime is the goal of problem-oriented policing (Roufa, 2017). The SARA model is used to help officers with this method of modern policing. Problem oriented policing and the SARA model are used to proactively prevent crime, vs simply reacting to it.
Ethics and the Evolution of Police Policing in this present day is defined as an individual or group of individual who prevent and detect crime within a community. Policing compares in many ways. They all attempt to provide services, keep the peace and reduce crime. Policing has evolved into something much more than what it used to be. Within this essay are the many different perspectives and how ethics were learned.
Problem solving is used to reduce offending in a community. It believes that crimes are caused by existing social conditions. It involves both law enforcement and the community in ways to reduce or prevent crime (i.e., neighborhood watch). The community is a very important aspect of this operational strategy. Departments need to do more to develop solutions with a partnership of the community.
Citizens want to feel safe in their neighborhood and the police officers want to apprehend the suspect before more victims are identified. If the police department and the citizens in the community work together it becomes beneficial for both sides, this is called community – policing. Community – policing is an example of crime prevention it’s about bringing the citizens and the police department together to collaborate in an effort to address the concerning crime problems within the community. Some examples of community – policing are: neighborhood watch, business watch, additional officers on foot patrol, bicycle or horse patrol are just to name a
As of recent, the war on drugs has been a very often discussed topic due to many controversial issues. Some people believe the War on Drugs has been quite successful due to the amount of drugs seized and the amount of drug kingpins arrested. I believe this to be the wrong mindset when it comes to the war on drugs. The war on drugs isn’t a winnable one so we must do all that is possible to assist those who struggle with drug addiction and decriminalize small amounts of drugs. These minor changes in the way we combat drugs will create significant change and have lasting effects.
Community policing is a philosophy and an organizational strategy that promotes a new partnership between people and their police. It is based on the premise that both the police and the community must work together to identify prioritize and solve contemporary problems such as crime , drugs , fear of crime , social and physical disorder and over all neighborhood decay , with the goals of improving the overall quality of life in the area .It required wide department commitment from every civilian . That challenges all personal to find ways to express this new philosophy in their jobs.
Community Policing is the system of allocating police officers to areas so that they become familiar with local inhabitants. It is used to change the way police departments interact with the public, focusing on community concerns, including crimes. The idea of community policing is to work together to improve the life and quality in their neighborhoods. Community Policing emerged in the 1970’s with the goal to eliminate public disenchantment with police services and the criticisms of the lack of police professionalism (Fagin pg. 114). They identify and resolve issues which potentially affect the way neighborhoods live.