Portrait Of The Dwarf Francisco Lezcano Analysis

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This portrait named “EL NIÑO DE VALLECAS” ,of the dwarf Francisco Lezcano, was painted by Velázquez around 1636. He was a buffoon of the court of Felipe VI that accompanied the king to hunt, we can deduce it for the clothes that he is wearing and because the natural landscape on the background of the painting.
As we can see in the painting, Lezcano has a big head in comparison to the rest of the body, swollen legs ,eyelids and hands maybe caused by liquid retention, open mouth for the size of the tongue(too big, so it could be macroglosia), pallid skin, flat nose, and short height. All these are symptoms of cretinism.
Cretinism is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth due to untreated congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones

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