America is often referred to as a democracy, but in truth that is shorthand for a more nuanced reality. America is democratic, but it is also a republic. (Alvarez 1). The United States is controlled by laws that people are expected to abide by. Although a constitutional democracy and a constitutional republic allow the people to elect whom they want, they also differ greatly in their governed laws.
Ever since the first settlers arrived in Australia right up to the end of the 20th century indigenous Australians had limited rights compared to whit Australians. One of the biggest problems was that there were different laws and treatment of aboriginals depending on what state they resided in. The year of 1967 was a big year for indigenous rights as a referendum was held to give the federal government the power to make laws for all aboriginals. Many factors and events influenced the overwhelming success of 1967 Referendum but the Freedom Rides of 1965 was the most important of these events in making the referendum the most successful in Australia’s history.
During the 1850s, an idea of uniting Australia as one and forming a federation slowly emerged into the society. Many different opinions came up and at first but the idea didn’t appeal to many leading for it to be abandoned and left untouched for years. The communication and transport between nations was put behind the interests of the people as each colony thought that their own interests were more important and should be placed first. In the 1880’s though, people starting to give some serious thought on the idea of combining the nations that made up of Australia at that time and thoughts such as an uniform law system started to break the surfaces. On January 1st 1901, Federation was finally achieved and Australia was truly united as one.
As the world grew more populated, to many Australians it seemed that Great Britain was both a physically long way and also very different to Australia. The Australia of pre World War II was now very different to the Australia colonised by the British so many years earlier. In 1919, Australia had, for the very first time, been considered a fully self-governing nation and was asked independently of Great Britain to be a part of the Treaty of Versailles (Carrodus, Delany and McArthur, 2012). Prior to this, Britain was responsible for all political agreements for Australia (Museum of Australian Democracy). During the next 20 years’ Australian citizens grew to consider themselves separate from ‘Mother Country’ making Australia a nation in its own right. This line of thought lead to people questioning if it was still acceptable to give everything they had for Britain. In particular, was it sensible to join a war no matter what the cost to
What is the difference between a democracy and a republic? Explain what the U.S. is.
Ah Australia. The land of opportunity. The land of freedom and equality. The land of wealth and good health. The lucky country.
Most modern nations are democratic republics with a constitution, which can be amended by a popularly elected government. This comparison therefore contrasts the form of government in most countries today with a theoretical construct of a democracy, mainly to highlight the features of a republic.
The Roman empire was one of the most powerful or the most powerful empire in ancient times. A portion of this can be credited to its location in an area with good geography and climate. However, once the empire was vast enough its geography varied quite a bit. It went from the moderate climate of northern Italy too much warmer climates in northern Africa. In Italy, the central part of the empire, stood the city of Rome. Back when Rome was just a small village along the banks of the Tiber river, its geography gave it many advantages. One of the biggest of those is its location along a river. Because these were hundreds of years in B.C.E. people relied on rivers and ponds for drinking and bathing. However, rivers were much better than lakes
When we think of nationalism we often associate a sense of identity with stare and nation, for some the idea of there identity being connected to their nation is a positive notion, but for others this association to nation raises worry of alienation and violence.1 Nationalism can be seen as a network where individuals of a nation can have shared values, expectations and sense of self. These negative associations of nationalism “occurs when, in the process of seeing ourselves as uniquely Australian others suffer.”2
‘The Tampa Decision: Examining the Australian Government’s prerogative power to detain and expel unlawful non-citizens in 2001’
With this ignorance comes a large recall on our ‘lucky country’ label, as the description is now more likely to be used in an ironic sense. Questioning whether or not our nation is really a lucky country for the majority of Australian citizens. The recent legalization of same-sex marriage within America caused what should have been a ripple effect. However, this ripple was blown out of the water before it reached our island. The bill for equal rights, introduced by labour leader Bill Shorten, was immediately disregarded by our government. It seems as though Australians are fearful, but what of? We appear to be nervous of controversy but our evasion of important issues may be our undoing, as we become known as a nation of prejudice and ignorance. A misplaced ignorance considering Australia has an extremely well developed educational system, yet a vast majority of the population seem immensely ill informed. Our educational proficiency proves that contemporary Australia is capable of overcoming the sexism, homophobia and racism present within our society but only if we chose to pay attention. Despite being a young country we seem to be living in a political stone age. It is only when we begin to educate ourselves and accept these overarching topics that we will become a truly tolerant
Prior to the 1900s there was no country known as Australia which held the six states together united as one country. Instead there were six colonies of New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland, and Western Australia that existed on the Australian continent as separate countries, also including Tasmania, the island colony. It was also governed as separate countries by Britain given that Australia was still under the rule of the British Empire. Initially there was absolutely no interest what so ever of a federation uniting Australia as one because each colony was interested in being responsible for their own economic interest and couldn’t come to an agreement. However due to many factors such as attaining a united defence to have
In Indigenous Australians’ perspective, country means everything consisting of the air, water, land and stories of “Dreaming”. Country is dynamic and multilayered, forming culture, values and beliefs of existence between human and species. Country connects Indigenous Australian to their ancestral beings from the time of creation. Every living creature, family, kin and community is integral part and connected to the country. Loss of country precipitated by land dispossession is tantamount to loss of identity, family and independence.
Australia should not embed a bill of rights into the constitution, as the United States of America and many other countries have done. The United States of America uses a Bill of Rights, a section of the constitution that is set aside for rights of the people. Australia has uses a mixture of statutory laws, constitutional sections and common law to protect the Australian people’s rights in a superior way, such as having checks and balances to prevent overstepping of power, common law and implied rights, having the flexibility to change or update rights easier than the USA, and the fact that the supreme court and judges in America are extremely politicized, meaning that embedding a Bill of Rights is unnecessary and potentially hazardous.
The Old Republic, or the True Republic, was founded 25, 053 BBY. This government was one that was based on ideals. It guarded