George Washington was delegated to preside over the convention. Even though the meeting at Philadelphia was to revise the Article of Confederation, it was obvious that some delegates wanted to improve the government entirely. There were two plans presented: the Virginia plan and the New Jersey plan. The first plan which is the Virginia plan is also known as the large state plan which was mostly written by James Madison and introduced by Governor Edmund Randolph. The Virginia plan favored large states.
Federalism started many moons ago around the time of the ratification of the Constitution. Federalism is essentially between the state and national government. It is stated that the national and state are both separate but have a solemn authority over the same people and area. Federalism seeks solutions of common needs of citizens while also taking care of their preferences and circumstances. There is a numerous amount of different types of federalism such as dual, cooperative, marble cake, competitive, permissive and the new federalism.
The British had a Monarchy on them. After they won their independence, they set a Democracy government and Federalism (weak and strong central government power shared), almost all the contrary to how British Monarchy worked. This is important because this shows why the United States broke away from Great Britain and set a new government very different to Great Britain 's type of
Once adopted in 1780, the Massachusetts constitution could be changed only by another specially called constitutional convention. This procedure was later imitated in the drafting and ratification of the federal Constitution. In the British, a constitution was not a written document, but rather an accumulation of laws, customs, and precedents. Americans invented something different. The documents they drafted were contracts that defined the powers of government, as did the old colonial charters, but they drew their authority from the people, not from the royal seal of a distant king.
However, it was not mentioned in a colonial charter for an extended period of time. Later, the charters of Rhode Island, Connecticut, and the second charter of Massachusetts recognized and ratified the idea. It was later written into our constitution; Article IV, Section Four states “The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government…". The principles of checks and balances and separation of powers also
We all know that American is the gradated country in the would and we also agree that there were numerous contrasts between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. However, the Articles of confederation were affirmed by congress on 1777, but their formal adoption was not achieved until 1781. It was an unassuming endeavor by another nation to unite itself and structure a national government. The Articles set up a Confederation that gave the majority of the ability to the states. Numerous issues emerged thus another Constitution was composed in 1787 in independence Hall.
The first government of the United States was outlined in the Articles of Confederation written in 1871. Under this system, the states operated as sovereign nations. The weak national government, which consisted of nothing more than a unicameral legislature, did not have the authority to tax the states, settle interstate disputes or effectively support a military. Following the Revolutionary War, the inadequacies of the national government became apparent. This led to the drafting of the Constitution in 1787.
The Virginia plan gave all power to the government. The New Jersey Plan was a proposal to structure the United States Government which was presented by William Paterson also at the Constitutional Convention 1787. This plan limited the power of the congress instead of giving more power. These were two different plans and views. After is when the two perspectives Pluralism and Elitism came into act instead of buying into one and denying the other the delegates worked on
One example where these loyalist views can be found is in the Albany Plan of 1754. The plan called for a union of the colonies to help defend against the French (and Indians), and would have allowed the Colonies many aspects of sovereignty (like managing an army, making laws, imposing taxes, indian affairs.) However, this plan would have still kept the colonies under British rule; something that many colonists were in favor off . For example many colonists endorsed the use of troops against the French, and some even enlisted in the British army during the war. However, once the Treaty of Paris was signed in 1763, problems soon erupted that began to change the views and actions of some colonists, and the issues of taxes and representation played a large role.
When political sciences look at federalism there is two main models the dual and cooperative. Dual is the theory about the proper relationship between the states and the national government. It is has four major parts the first is that the national government only rules by enumerated powers. Number two is that the national government has a limited amount of constitutional purposes. Third both government national, and state is sovereign within its sphere.