You touched on a critical point in your forum, as of why workers went on strike. While poverty played a significant role, in 1877, railroad employees experienced a significant pay cut, which sparked the Great Railway Strike, triggering violence and a shutdown of the railways lasting nearly six weeks. Next, the Pullman strike began with railroad owners becoming increasingly wealthier, while none of the profits trickled down to the employees. The labor walk-outs encompassed the substantial divide between social classes. Hence, rich businessmen were increasing their profits, while poor workers often remained stagnate with low wages and company issued paycuts. In the 1920’s, the economy was booming, and businesses were earning significant profits.
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The organized labor of 1875-1900 was unsuccessful in proving the position of workers because of the future strikes, and the intrinsical feeling of preponderation of employers over employees and the lack of regime support. In 1877, railroad work across the country took part in a cyclopean strike that resulted in mass violence and very few reforms. An editorial, from the Incipient York Time verbalized: "the strike is ostensibly hopeless, and must be regarded as nothing more than a rash and splenetic demonstration of resentment by men too incognizant or too temerarious to understand their own interest" (Document B). In 1892, workers at the Homestead steel plant near Pittsburg ambulated out on strike and mass chaos the lives of at least two Pinkerton detectives and one civilian, among many other laborers death (Document G).
Another result of the Triangle Factory fire that resulted in change in the American workplace was the attempts of labor unions and strikes. Prior to the fire, in 1909, one of the more notable strikes dubbed the "Uprising of 20,000" was organized primarily by female immigrant garment workers because of the awful conditions, long hours, and low wages they were made to work in due to the lack of options available to them (Pool, 2012). The primary challenge was to get attention paid to the mistreatment of immigrant workers. While there were short term agreements for their demands, the strike ultimately failed, however where it did succeed was exposing poor working conditions and stirring a debate about what counted as public and private (Pool,
Profits for the farmers were getting smaller and smaller due to the increase in prices for the goods to be sold. These farmers believed in many different things- they believed in rules and regulations for the road (which included the fact that the government should control the railroad), lower tariffs, and that money should be based off of silver standard. For the industrial workers, their working conditions were not ideal. Each worker did not get paid nearly enough to support them and their families, even though they worked ten plus hour days, six days a week. Workers were not paid for sick days or injury.
After the wage cut, the workers of Pullman were not pleased. Their rent went up, while their wages went down. When Pullman did not react how the workers hoped they would they started what would be called, the Pullman Strike of 1894. One could wonder how something as simple as wages could upset almost an entire town of people. What was happening in the little town of Pullman?
Bre’onna Scott September 5, 2015 History 220 Final Draft #1 Sometimes people do not understand the cause and effect of devastating events that may happen. The Panic of 1873 contributed negatively in many ways to the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. The Great Railroad Strike ended in a way that workers at the time couldn’t have imagined. The Panic of 1873 furnished The Great Railroad Strike of 1877 by supplying it with financial hardship for workers and causing African Americans to be treated unfairly in the south. How would you feel if you got laid off from a job that you depended on in order to care for your family?
The Pullman strike soon became a nationwide railroad strike in the United States. Since many people lost their jobs after the depression, they had to go try to find a new job which was not easy under the conditions of a strike. When they found a job, many took a huge pay cut often receiving thirty percent less of what they were making before the strike.
In 1877, amid an economic depression, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroads lowered their workers' wages by 20 percent. Their workers unionized in a strike that started in West Virginia. 2/3 of the nation joined, opposing the federal troops sent by President Hayes to end the strike. America’s Gilded Age was an era of confrontation between management and labor. It was an era of economic depression, growing industrialism and abysmal working conditions.
Factories were paying far too little for someone to feed their whole family for that little, so many either would die or would turn to crime to survive; these laborers wanted equality. Men, women, and children were working and got employed in factories to work, and the dangerous and strenuous labor that children were put through to help the family expense caused many young children to die. Workers individually could not stop corporations, but collectively they could make an impact on their wages. The corporations eventually had to succumb to the pressure of labor supplies because the National Trade Union convinced the majority of the labor force to work from 12 hours a day to 10 hours. After the labor unions won, workers worked less, and they still had the same salary.
Strikes are only taking people out of the work force for however long they go on. Without work people aren't usually able to support their family's. In some cases people can get by for a little bit wthout a change in their lives, but after a certain amount of time funds run out without a steady supply of income. In The Grapes of Wrath we saw how the migrant workers lives changed dramatically when they went on strike. Many if not all of the strikers family's couldn't afford the necessities for survival, and what for just to prove a point.
That’s when the U.S took the America’s under their wings and made America the “new world”, leading the U.S economy booming with riches and luxury. The 1920’s was a booming decade that included; new culture, music, dancers, prosperity, advanced technology, bursting economics, and modern flares in urban places. During the 1920’s being wealthy was a new type of cool. Either coming from old money or new money, they all were expensive people who
People are partying. The word of money fills in the air. People being miserable everywhere. These events were the daily lifestyle of people living in the 1920’s. The 1920’s was a prosperous time for America after World War I because after the war, the economy raised people’s hopes of being in the upper class.
There was major gap between the rich and the poor which cause conflicts between social classes. The majority of the population were living in poverty, unemployment, and the increase in crimes. The labor leader, George E, McNeil says, “ the railroad president is a railroad king… He can discharge any employee without cause… he can withhold their lawful; wages…. In his rights hand he holds the government; in his left the people” (Doc. A).
The time period from when the Second Industrial Revolution was beginning, up until President McKinley’s assassination in 1901, is known as the Gilded Age. After the Civil War, many people headed out West to pursue agriculture, and many immigrants moved to urban areas to acquire jobs in industrial factories. It is in this context that farmers and industrial workers had to respond to industrialization. Two significant ways farmers and industrial workers responded to industrialization in the Gilded Age, were creating the Populist Party and the American Federation of Labor (AFL).
*Pullman Strike * The Pullman Strike was widespread by the United States railroad workers, approximately a quarter-million worker were on strike at the peak and it impacted the expedition the railroad system across the states. The strike between the American Railway Union and George Pullman changed the course of future strikes when President Grover Cleveland ordered federal troops to break up the strikers; its influenced how the federal government and the court system would handle labor issues. The labor issues during the Pullman Strike were not limited that of rights of the workers, the role of management in the workers private life, and the roles of government resolving labor conflicts. Pullman planned communities for his workers how he determined
Workers was getting evicted from their company-own homes because of this. This strike held out for 14 months which led in 66 deaths and a number of unknown injuries. This had consequences for organizing unity which resulted in this violence. The confrontation turn most violent because the miners felt were losing everything they worked so hard for and simply was not going let the government treat them this way