The public school to prison pipeline was examined in the literature review through zero-tolerance policies and the effects it has played on graduation rates. Zero-tolerance policies have dramatically increased students being recommended to the court system according to the literature review. The literature review has shown a need for school districts to examine zero-tolerance policies and the negative effects that it has caused on students. Fran Silverman (2005) discusses students being punished under zero-tolerance and says, “The students were disciplined under their school’s zero tolerance policy and some advocates are saying these codes of conduct have become so strict that schools are turning into criminal justice systems, or worse, jailhouses” (pg. 54).
According to Ward (2014) zero-tolerance policies may have outlived its original intent and are now doing more harm than good. What started out to be a policy intended to provide a safe place for students evolved into an umbrella punishment for any type of misbehavior including those that are not criminal. As a result, minority students have been affected most by these policies, and they often contribute to propelling these students into the juvenile justice system, often for status offenses. Ward (2014) cites the Department of Education as reporting Black students are three times more likely to expelled or suspended nationally. The shooting of Trevon Martin was indirectly related to an extended suspension from school.
Should students have the rights to be protected against unreasonable searches? As part of a system students, primarily students of color, have been targeted for searches during school, an institution teenagers are required to take. As a result of compulsory schooling, there has been an increase of incarceration of students of color due to practices implemented by schools. Practices such as the zero tolerance policy disproportionately affect students of color. Zero tolerance describes a strict and uncompromising form of administration that penalizes any forms of offenses.
It calls for assessments to be fair and not culturally or linguistically biased. Larry P. v. Wilson Riles (1979) was heard in the United States District Court, and was a pivotal case in outlining non-discriminatory assessment. Larry P. was a low performing student that attended a school from the San Francisco Unified School District. He was assessed by a school psychologist using the Stanford Binet Intelligence Test and it was found that Larry P. had mild mental retardation and was placed in an Educable Mentally Retarted (EMR) class. Many African-American and Latino students were disproportionately being placed in EMR classes.
“over 1500 books are challenged becuase of “explisit” sexcual content..” (“Banned and challenged books by the numbers”). (12 infographics about banned and challenged books). Books are one of the best sources for information Kids are missing out on the great quality of books that have/will be banned. “Parents who don 't like specific books can have their kids "opt out" of an assignment without infringing on the rights of others. The National Coalition against Censorship explained that "Even books or materials that many find 'objectionable ' may have educational value, and the decision about what to use in the classroom should be based on professional judgments and standards, not individual preferences."
The starting point for an accurate description of the issue can be shown by the fact that school now is more restrictive than most adults’ workplaces, which will not help foster the behaviors and personalities necessary to sustain any sort of flow in their future environments (Peter Gray, School is a Prison and Damaging Our Kids). The fact that children are being hindered rather than prepared for their futures is a definite issue. Another difficult matter is presented when one considers the fact that liberty is denied to children due to their age. Education is not only restrictive, but it is also legally mandatory with truancy being a crime punishable by law. This is accurately portrayed in a statement by Peter Gray in his article, “Seven Sins of Our System of Forced Education”, “In my system of values, and in that long endorsed by democratic thinkers, it is wrong to deny anyone liberty without just cause.
Issue Statement Given the social problem, we need to modify the zero-tolerance policy or dismantle it altogether. Moving away from the complex, societal issues of the school-to-prison pipeline and zero-tolerance policies is not a simple solution. Solutions must work to first improve academic achievement by increasing the chance that students remain in school and graduate. Next, a solution must also focus on lowering the number of suspensions, expulsions, and referrals to law enforcement (Nance, 2016). Focusing on these solutions can enhance students well-being and life trajectory, reduce racial disparities and decrease the amount of youths in the criminal justice system.
Just like in Starkville, many public school districts across the country have made the change to mandatory dress code policies. Many people think dress codes are a solution for many problems in Public Schools, but in reality, it only causes more problems. Dress codes are unconstitutional, take away students’ individuality, and are not a legitimate solution to real problems. One problem with school uniforms with school uniforms is the fact that they are unconstitutional. Based on his research, Charles Haynes inferred, “ In finding for the students, the court was a very clear that schools could not ban student expression because they dislike it or think it may start conflicts.
If prayers from a single religion was introduced into public classrooms, they would provide one more criteria by which the majority could discriminate against and marginalize minorities. The end result would probably be more school violence, not less. The public school system is created for all students and supported by all taxpayers. It should therefore remain neutral on religious issues over which students and taxpayers will differ. Since no formal school prayer could simultaneously honor and uphold the tenets of the many religions practiced in America, as well as various denominational differences, prayer is better left in the home and religious institution of the individual student’s or parent 's
The current American system of public education is effective in terms of development and providing opportunities, but fails to teach and provide knowledge about bigger real world skills that are necessary to have in the real world. Along with this, the public education system requires kids to live in an atmosphere that brings vibes of extreme toxicity at some times, and peace and refuge at other times. Whilst living in this environment, the public education system also provides students with opportunities to prosper and develop in sports. The public education system in place right now in America is a subject prison. All students are forced to take and learn the main subjects in school, math, english, history, and science, but are not required