In the pre-secular past, professionals in the field of psychology labeled religion as incorrect, blasphemous, and even dangerous. This has vastly changed with modernity and secularism and has resulted in the acceptance of diversity in religion and consequently in the culture of psychologist’s cliental. Studies have supported the benefice of spiritual therapies and as people are no longer of one religions faith, it has become more and more vital that therapists educate themselves in a variety of religions and cultures, as these will impact the outcome of therapy. However, in post-secular society, there happens to be a rising population of people with no religious affiliation and to use religion in therapy for these individuals would be impractical. …show more content…
In the United States, unlike most of the world, religion is not on the decline and most of the population is religiously affiliated (Bruce, 1996). With the increasing popularity of religion and spirituality therapy and growing number of religion and spirituality clinical psychologists, Joshua and Jan Hook, Everett Worthington Jr., Don Davis, David Jennings II, and Aubrey Gartner conducted a study examining the effectiveness of such therapy. The researchers completed 24 different studies in the areas of depression, anxiety, forgiveness, eating disorders, schizophrenia, alcoholism, anger, marital issues, and psychological problems. The religion and spiritualties they addressed were Christianity, Islam, Taoism, Buddhism, and generic spirituality. The researchers found Christianity effective for depression, alcoholism, forgiveness, marital issues, general psychological problems, and eating disorders. Islam was effective for depression, anxiety and schizophrenia. Taoism was only effective for anxiety, Buddhism for anger and general spirituality was effective for eating disorders and anxiety. The study concluded that in general, religion and spiritual therapies were positively effective and incorporating the therapy into already secular therapy is at least as effective as the secular therapy alone. However, so far there was not much evidence comparing …show more content…
The goal in this process it seems was not so much to determine the truthfulness of the client’s beliefs, as it was to determine the extent to which their beliefs affect their cognitive, emotional, and physical wellbeing (Hodge, 2013). Hodge’s assessment consisted of two parts, a short, preliminary assessment and a longer more extensive assessment. The latter would only be conducted if the former deemed the person to be religious and therefore it would be necessary. If not, the therapist could move on to more relevant topics in their client’s life. If the first assessment did find religion relevant, the second assessment would be vital to gain knowledge about the clients’ spiritual beliefs and experiences and how they related to the client’s problems and eventually solutions. Hodge concluded that, as religion and spirituality are critical features of many peoples’ lives, it is essential to assess clients in order to fully understand them and treat them in the most effective and individualizes way possible (Hodge,
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
People who have gone through conversion therapy face 8.9 times the rates of suicide ideation, face depression at 5.9 times the rate of their peers and are three times more likely to use illegal drugs and be at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (Stafford). Conversion therapy refers to the pseudoscientific practice of trying to change an individual's sexual orientation using psychological or spiritual interventions (Stafford). Garrard Conley spent almost one-third of his life in a conversion camp called LIA “Love In Action”. The book focuses on Garrards struggle to be accepted by his parents and how far his parents will push him to change. Religion affects the way people think, act and perceive their surroundings.
An individual can become emotionally disturbed due to their own sin or due to the sin of someone else. Psychological and Spiritual Growth This segment of the chapter discuss whether or not a counselor should confront the client about sin. Will the confrontation increase their spiritual and mental health, or will it cause them to turn away from the counselor and the help the counselor has to offer? McMinn says that there are four appropriate ways to confront the client’s sin in counseling.
Kristeena believes when it come to spiritual aspects of psychology it is not important but the cultural of the individuals need, because not everyone believes in the same choice you must have, so getting more information built in cultural setting is more
Assessment Planning Social worker conduct bio-psycho-sociocultural-spiritual assessments to gather information regarding all of the different dimensions of a client. This will allow the social worker to examine every factor that may or may not be contributing to the presenting problem the client is being treated for. For the purpose of this assignment, I will use the provided case study “Peter” as if I were conducting a bio-psycho-sociocultural-spiritual assessment.
(2010) by McMinn, Staley, Webb, and Seegobin the authors decipher the differences between various Christian approaches. Biblical counseling, pastoral counseling, and Christian psychology are a few of the different methods which can be used when clients want a Christian perspective integrated into their therapy. Biblical counseling is mainly used among very conservative Christians who wish to return the role of counseling to the church (McMinn et al., 2010, p. 392). “Biblical counselors consider the bible to be superior and more authoritative than psychological science, theory, or technique” (McMinn et al., 2010, p. 392). Pastoral counseling can have two different meanings.
A writer will write their views on psychology and Christian then other writers responds to the views of the writer. In this book, the author will comment on what they agree or disagree about the views of the author of the psychological relationship with Christian. Now, I will summarize the contents in the book Psychology & Christianity: Five Views. From several view above, the level of explanation approach could be said the most liberal than others .The
On the other hand, not examining the relationship between psychology and Christianity can also lead to the close-minded belief that science is evil, and that the only way to any kind of truth is through Christian faith and belief in Christ. There are seven models presented by D.N. Entwistle (2015) that are worth studying when determining how one views the relationship between psychology and Christianity. Upon reflection and examination of the seven models, it appears that the Allies model best explains the relationship between psychology and
Hello Gwendolyn, you made great points in your discussion. In the article that I had read touched on the same topic of letting the client tell you their definition of what religion and spirituality meant to them. Walton (2012) talks about in his article Assessing the Construction of Spirituality: Conceptualizing Spirituality in the Health Care Setting, that the counselor should listen carefully to the words that the client is using when the subject of religion and spirituality are talked about. For instance, if you ask the client about a past time that involves a death in the family, and they said that they had a dream about that person in angels’ form. The next question you could ask them if they believe in angels and what is significant about
Abstract Within Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity, Entwistle inquires if psychology and theology can be unified. Entwistle suggest a sufficient technique of integration albeit the Allies model, and this paper will outline the strengths and restraints of this model as well as how Methods of Knowing and the Two Book Concept further discover the effectiveness of the model. The justification of this paper is to instruct its reader on different subjects of the Allies model concerning the integration of theology and psychology. In line with this, the advantages and drawbacks are shown as well as how this model deals with diverse concepts, and how it considers the relationship between Christianity and psychology.
Another factor will help me is understanding science is not an enemy to Christian counseling. Spirituality and science will help create a concrete foundation (Hawkins & Clinton, 2015). In addition, I would invite the Holy Spirit to lead in every setting. According to Hawkins & Clinton
The Spiritual model is getting a sense of how people’s spiritual and religious beliefs, values, and practices might be related to their presenting problem and can also provide direction to clients in constructing solutions for their lives. Spirituality is individual, subjective and can be expressed in different ways. Some people choose to express their spirituality through religion or religious practice, while others may not. Spirituality can also be described as the search for answers to life’s big questions, why is this happening to me?
In the essay, “ The Role of Religion in Modern Society”, Dalai Lama, The preeminent religious authority in Buddhism reveals the reason behind why religion has been a major source of conflict throughout the history, and how inter-religious harmony is the key to overcoming conflict of the first sort. He goes deeper into the similarities between different religion and identifies the obstacles that obstruct inter-religious harmony by developing ways to overcome them. He believes religion plays a vital role in the modern society by shaping the person's spiritual qualities rather than making him a better religious person than the other. Dalai Lama expounds that religious practice can help a person cope with adversity than those who don't.
Therapists must access their own internal process such as their feelings, attitudes and moods. Therapists’, who are not receptive to the awareness of their flow of thoughts and feelings, will not be able to help clients be aware of theirs (Kahn, 1997, p. 40). Though congruence does not mean that therapists have to share personal issues with clients, a therapist must not conceal their inner process from the client, and not be defensive but transparent (Kahn, 1997, p. 41). By being open sometimes a therapist learns more not only about their client but about themselves
Conversion Therapy Although many people have strong convictions against gay people, sometimes leading parents to attempt to change their children’s sexual orientation, it should be banned on a national level for parents to be able to force their children under the age of 18 into conversion therapy because it is unconstitutional, it evidently damages the child's wellbeing, and the methods have never even been proven by credible research. Members of the ex-gay (anti-LGBT) movement argue that banning reparative therapy is an infringement on the rights to freedom of speech and religion, while parents following this movement have similar feelings and believe that putting their child through conversion therapy will help them be ridded of an "unwanted
It is based on biblical truth and we believe this truth has the power to transform lives. This transformation is relevant to all, not just the counselee, but also the counselor. There are no shortcuts or quick fixes. We must be patient as we trust God to reveal Himself through the scripture and by loving each person we counsel, always pointing to the cross and giving God the glory for each victory.