When an infant is frequently terrified, which triggers the brain to produce too many stress hormones early in life, it can cause the brain to become incapable of responding normally to stress. Later in life, the infant may become hypervigilant (always on the alert) or (emotionally flat) never happy, sad or angry (Berger, 2011). When stress is being prolonged in young children, it can stop or slow down brain development. Many young children have their frontal lobes not fully developed, this makes it difficult for their brain to respond rationally to stress. The comfort and reassurance of safety by the caregivers can help young children handle stress and stay
For example, it may ruin the feeling of safeness in the school environment for that student. It can even inhibit their ability to excel in academics. In an article written by Elisha Mcneil, it states: A growing body of evidence highlights the connection between adverse childhood experiences and academic problems. The effects of trauma can impair a child’s cognitive ability, while the stress of a dysfunctional or unstable home life can make children act out or shut down in the classroom. In a way, I think that a school not being trauma-informed almost creates an unsafe environment for the student.
On the other hand, if a child is harshly discouraged for their actions, in this case accidents, then they may develop unhealthy doubts about themselves and potentially question their own abilities, and possibly hinder the capability to tackle new challenges (Gonzalez-Mena & Eyer, 2004). This is a very critical and sensitive period for a child, the outcomes of this stage will eventually influence their future behaviors towards the primary caregiver and self-esteem. Balance between the, parent(s) and child, is a quite difficult
The CA Penal Code talks about physical abuse, which means other types of abuse are ignored. Therefor emotional abuse is not being enforced by the law because is the most difficult abuse to be define and most difficult to detect. Zoldak (2009) examples of emotional abuse are: threats, public humiliation, insults, jealous rages, accusations of infidelity, and isolation from friends and family (When Danger Hits Home, p.17). Emotional abuse “neglect” is one of the most common abuse in children. Children who experience abuse, including witnessing incidents of domestic violence, are at greater risk of having serious adult health problems.
Abuse at home can be caused on the individual level. A previous history of abuse, substance abuse, trauma, and financial stress are possible factors that contribute to a person’s susceptibility to initiating domestic violence. Another cause of domestic violence lies in a lack of community resources and outreach. When people feel isolated and lack a sense of belonging or support from the community, the burden of their stress weighs heavier on their shoulders; consequently, this contributes to their lashing out on family members through violent ways. If the community offers services and resources to help individuals cope with their unique stressors and situations, incidences of domestic violence would decrease.
Friborg, Hjemdal, Rosenvinge and Matinussen (2003) identified family cohesion is also a factor affecting resilience. Family cohesion means a bonding within a family which the family members would share their ideas and feelings with each other. If a person faces adversity and he can share his feelings with his family members, he may relax and be confident to deal with the problems. Also, family members can show support by simply an encouragement or a hug. Therefore, he may be easy to adapt to the difficult circumstances as well as more resilient.
The caregiver is readily available and responsive to the infant’s needs and emotions. When an infant develop trust in the availability and reliability of this relationship. The internal working models for the infants is likely to be one their anxiety is reduced and they can therefore explore and enjoy their world, safe in the knowledge that they can return to their secure base for help if needed and can emotionally regulate oneself. The child grows up to be confident, less disruptive and aggressive than the other groups, able to form long lasting relationships and have
These trust issues usually arise from traumatic childhood events in which a trusted adult figure who holds a high level of influence (such as a mother or father) in the child’s life has done something in order for the child to lose their trust and confidence in them. Traumatic childhood events are typically the cause of the child’s issues that they will take with them long into adolescence and adulthood if the issues at hand are not resolved. Once trust is lost in someone who plays a significant role in an individual’s life, it’ll become difficult to trust anyone else for that matter. The ability to distinguish who is trustworthy becomes difficult as one’s judgment of character is now blurred. This can also be related to the gang conflict.
• Encouragement: if children are not given the praise and encouragement they need, this will affect their relationships and friendships as they get older and they will have poor attachment this can develop into anxiety, depression and they will lack motivation. • Learning difficulties are also a factor that influences a child’s development. Children with learning difficulties will need extra support with certain areas of development and may develop low self-esteem because they get annoyed with themselves for not being able to do something, such as a simple numeracy problem or read a book. External factors affecting learning and development are likely to be limited access to services and support, but parents and carers may not be aware of this. • Children with ill heath on a regular basis can develop much more slower, this may cause longer term issues such as failure to grow or thrive.
As an adolescent, have you ever had the feeling that you were filled with anxiety, stress, and misjudgments? This is a result of teen angst. Teen angst can be caused by numerous things such as insecurities, issues within a family unit, and expectations. Teen angst can have a major impact on a person’s life by leading to numerous problems such as depression, social anxiety disorders, and in some cases, suicide. This can cause a person to choose the wrong path in life.