“Shame corrodes the very part of us that believes we are capable of change” (415 Quotes).This quote by Brene Brown means that shame changes our way of thinking and makes us acts differently. This quotes relates to the book The Iliad by Homer, but more specifically, the character named Hector. In The Iliad, a war has broken out between the Greeks and the Trojans because Paris, brother of Hector, stole Helen from the Greeks. Hector leads the war against the Trojans on account of his brother fault. In fact, Hector is the mightiest warrior of the Trojan but he has some perceptible flaws that can be seen in Book 6: Hector Returns to Troy. In Book 6: Hector Returns to Troy, Hector returns to Troy to send a message to the women back home. There he encounters his wife and son and has a meaningful talk with her that reveals his true feelings. After this talk, it seems as though that Hector …show more content…
I the beginning of the conversation Andromache expresses her fears of Hector dying in battle, widowing her in the process. Andromache says to Hector, “ …‘Pity me, please! Take your stand on the rampart here, before you orphan your son and make your wife a widow’..”( 6. 511-512). Hector responds to Andromache by saying “‘...All this weighs down my mind, too dear woman”(6.522). Here Andromache makes Hector feel sorrowful for his wife and son when she says “‘ Pity me, please’” and it seems like Hector might be afraid of dying because he says “‘this weighs down my mind.”’ However, Hector is not actually afraid of dying. Later on he says to Andromache,“ ...No man will hurl me down to Death, against my fate. And fate? No one alive has ever escaped it, neither brave man nor coward, I tell you-it's born with us the day that we are born..." ( 6.579-584). Hector here admits that he isn’t afraid of dying. He says “no one alive has ever escaped” fate. He know that he will die and he isn’t afraid because of
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Here, the pride of the men is a shot at elevating themselves above others, to put themselves in a lofty tower that shadows all, leading them to a disarray of language barriers set in place by the Lord. The vanity in pride leads to calamity, undermines accomplishments, and harms their well-being. Solidifying the writers’ use of the malevolent behavior in characters to symbolize the foreshadowing of injury. Unlike the constant negativity and sin that is imbedded in the anatomy of biblical individuals, Homer utilizes pride to expand the self, per se, allowing each character to either retain his current fame and reputation (in the case of Odysseus) or to seek out one’s purpose and build a name for himself through pursuit of glory (which we see in the character progression of
A man 's duty in the Iliad is on the battlefield, this plays into E.R. Dodd 's ' theory of the "shame culture"17 which he considers to be an integral part of the society of the Iliad. Hector, for example, "like a good soldier"18 has been trained to "take his place on the front line."19 However, when Andromache begs Hector to retreat and not fight she, again, is herself "going against the grain"20 as Hector told her because she is not playing into this culture of shame where "shame is a motivating force." 21 Helen, though, in this instance, arguably is not acting transgressive. We can understand this through Paris, who, is saved by Aphrodite during his duel where he is taken back to safety in his palace.
What do you think the worst punishment for a crime could be? Death, life in prison, torture, or something else? What about shame? Many people wouldn’t even think of shame as being a punishment. There is an old proverb that says “Shame is worse than death”.
The Iliad is a riveting tale of violence and rage amongst heartbreak and tragedy, where a range of emotions are evoked through various events and decisions made by the characters throughout. Some of these characters act on impulse, while others think over with others and themselves to find the best course of action and do what they feel would be the best, be it for their families or their people, or for themselves alone. Through such feelings, certain events play out that either work out to the favor of the characters, or the exact opposite. Characters like Achilles and Agamemnon act on their anger, often going beyond what would be deemed reasonable and even affecting the events following. Achilles’ anger was triggered by Agamemnon’s arrogance
After defeating Hector, pride within Achilles resulted in him killing more enemies and actually losing his own life. Homer’s story of The Iliad illustrates the damage anger causes when allowed to take root in any life. Anger often lead to other complications such as pride, suffering, and even fear. Achilles downfall teaches readers that the anger often controls emotions. To communicate an important message on anger, Homer illustrates the consequences of Achilles anger in The Iliad to show that controlling anger results in a more peaceful and positive
One of the major consequences of war is the horrific tragedies that occur. In the Iliad, in book eighteen, when Achilles hears that Hector killed Patroclus he is filled with rage and enters the war seeking vengeance. His rage causes him to kill hundreds of trojans and seek
Eventually Patroclus gets killed. Achilles is humiliated and regrets his actions. He vows to avenge Patroclus’ death. His humility causes him to fight to redeem himself, he returns back to the path of being a hero. These examples are only a few of the many that are in the Iliad, but they explain exactly what hubris
In grief Achilles wants to fight Hector for what he did. Hector has two choices, either to fight Achilles or hide behind the walls of Troy. Hector exclainms doubtedly “What shall I do? If I retreat behind these walls, … And now that I have ruined them all by my rashness, I am ashamed to face the men and women of Troy, or some base fellows may say-Hector thought too much of his own strength, and ruined us all!”
Surprisingly there are many times when Gawain follows the code and avoids shame. One example is when on a quest with a lady he lets her choose who she wants to go with herself instead of choosing for her. He refuses to help Aggravain and Mordred expose Sir Lancelot to King Arthur (this is possibly one of the only times when chivalry overcomes loyalty to kin). He also refuses to attend the burning of Queen Guinevere, and in a way shows a sense of right and wrong as well as power to refuse Arthur’s orders. This is a big deal in Le Morte because it shows that he must be important and a highly esteemed knight to be able to stand up to King Arthur (Bedwell 17-18).
In the epic poem, the Iliad written by Homer, several characters taking part in the warfare between the Achaeans and the Trojans are portrayed as embodying the heroic code of courage, physical strength, leadership, arete of value of honour, and the acceptance of fate. The heroic code is illustrated by the actions of the Trojan prince, Hector and the Achaeans strongest warrior, Achilles. Both of these characters display the Greek’s image of a hero, and can also let the reader discern what the society admires, looks up to and aspires to in its heroes. There are also characters who fail to be heroic, such as the Trojan “vivid and beautiful” prince, Paris. These characters in the Iliad illustrate the qualities that Ancient Greek society values.
However, in The Iliad, honor is not an idea, but something material. Honor is a material representation of one’s achievements and greatness. This concept of honor being material is first seen in Book 1 of the Iliad, when Agamemnon does not want to give Chryseis back to her father. He obtained her as a prize of war, and giving her back to her father
The Ancient Greeks value specific qualities in a person however they did not value other. Ancient Greeks valued these qualities based on certain achievements or on a performances in war or even inside the city walls making substantial decisions. The Iliad is a epic novel by the Greek poet Homer. The Iliad is based off of the Trojan war between the Achaeans led by King Agamemnon and the Trojans led by King Priam of Troy. This novel focuses on the actions of several characters and how the disparate gods interfered with the war to help one or the other side have a chance to win.
Homer, in his poem, incorporates scenes in which the characters contemplate how meaningful war and violence really is; a thought which, tragically, many individuals in today’s world contemplate every day. Despite having been written nearly two millenniums ago, the Iliad’s themes still ring true today and further illustrate how human nature has not changed. Throughout the poem, Homer portrays how military victory and honor, or kleos, was valued in Greek and Trojan society,