Similarities Between Federal And Judicial Branches

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“Protecting the rights of even the least individual among us is basically the only excuse the government has for even existing.” -Ronald Reagan State and Federal governments coexist in order to guard the liberties of the citizen’s governed under them. Unlike within the Federal Government, a call for a Constitutional Convention is put before voters of the state to authorize every twenty years. Both the U.S. and Illinois Constitutions contain a Bill of Rights , although in the federal Constitution, the Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments. In the Illinois Constitution, the Bill of Rights is an article with twenty four sections. Because different responsibilities are allocated to the State and Federal governments, the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches vary between Federal and Illinois State Constitutions. Legislative Branch The responsibilities of the Federal and State Legislative Branches are comparable, but there are several differences in numeral area and in procedures. For example, Congress and the General Assembly have different …show more content…

One such similarity is the main purpose for the branch. “The legislative branch is the first branch mentioned in the Constitution. Its major duty is to make our country’s laws,” (pg. 16). Both governments have this main goal. Another similarity is that both the president and the governor can call Congress and the General Assembly. “The president may call both houses of Congress into special session,” (pg. 30). The Governor of Illinois can also issue the same call to the Legislature. Both the General Assembly and Congress have committees and joint committees. “Both houses of the General Assembly are organized into committees to help conduct business efficiently… Some of these members may meet in joint committees, made up of members of each house,” (pg. 59). Congress also has joint committees to help bills be passed in both legislative

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