During the era of classical societies, the Han and Roman empires were two vast cosmopolitan societies which dominated regions all throughout Eurasia. In regards to the fall of the Han and Roman empires, both were similar in that they fell victim to internal government decay, but different in that Rome fell to foreign invasions, while Han suffered from rebellions of their own people.
Everyone had certain roles to fill and they both valued their families but the Romans made it so that there was a legal separation between family and state and the chinese did not.
One similarity between the Han and Yuan dynasties is that they both worshipped Buddhism at some point. Another similarity between the two dynasties is that all of their people dedicate their life to whatever religion they follow. Both dynasties also required their citizens to take a civil service exam for those seeking a civil service job. Lastly, both dynasties
These points provided the similarities and the contrast between ancient India and China. India is a lot more carefree in a sense than China. CHina has an assertive stance on religion and their economic process, but both have the oldest and most successful cultivation to this
Both of these dynasties are very similar, especially the fact that both were culturally rich and known to be “Golden Ages” in Chinese history. Both of these dynasties saw many advances in technology, with the invention of the compass and paper. Trade with other countries was a major occurrence during both the Han and Song Dynasty. Another factor that connects these two dynasties is the fact that they both use a common written language for those who were educated. The examination taken in order to receive a government position that was started during the Han Dynasty was also used during the Song Dynasty, so that people born into class were not automatically given government positions, but those who were intellectual and capable to hold a position were given the opportunity. Another factor that connects both of these dynasties is the fact that both have very similar religions, Buddhism, Daoism, and folk religion. The Han and Song Dynasties were by far two of the greatest Chinese
Politically, both empires had a centralized government. The strategies did differ somewhat. China formed a bureaucracy whereby leaders were trained and selected by merit. Rome devised an in depth legal system however; the leaders that were appointed were elite aristocrats in collusion with the army. In both civilizations, the government funded expansion of road and supported the economy.
Compare and contrast the work of Confucius and Han Fei in terms of what they think about and view society and how it should be ordered? Apart from highlighting similarities and differences, in your conclusion also speak about which political model is more appealing to you and why?
There are some pretty noticeable differences between the Han and Yuan dynasties and their role in religion in Chinese government. One of their differences were their religion. On the other hand they also had some similarities.
In the Roman Empire social status determined what people would wear. Those who are privileged like the Emperor and Senate were able to afford clothing that was much more expensive and higher quality compared to slaves and non-citizens who were unable to afford these luxuries. Social status also had an effect on what people would wear. Those who were of higher social and political importance wore specific Togas and Tunics to demonstrate their status. Clothes could represent social status, but it also showed what the people would do for a living. It also differed citizens from noncitizens. These points will show how in the Roman Empire the social status
For territories of their magnitude, Han China and Rome were well-structured empires that maintained order. Laws and regulations, applying to all people, were established to form a controlled state. Han China adopted the philosophy of legalism, which enforced the concept of harsh punishments
The first similarity of how the Romans and the Han both created order in society, from 300 BCE to 300 CE, was their agrarian economy. The Han and Roman Empire’s economies were both dependent on agriculture. The Han used peasants to plant rice; basically, China’s lower class planted a staple crop to support the economy. Unlike the Han
Ancient China had many geographical features such as Chang River and The Himalayas. It also established dynasties that ruled China until 1912.The Chinese government ruled under a Feudal state and the economy focused on iron working, farming, and silk making. Ancient Chinese society was a hierarchy with nobles at the top and peasants at the bottom. Their religious beliefs included Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. Some of their achievements included a new complex writing system, silk making, and the first books.
Ancient China was the center of the ancient world because they saw themselves as the middle kingdom. Influence of 2 ancient Chinese dynasties, the Qin dynasty and the Han dynasty, was astounding, as they made new innovations and techniques in their government. Their success was largely due to access to immense amounts of resources and innovative technologies that both dynasties used to have leverage civilizations nearby, and use for trade on the silk road. Quality of life for people living under the Qin dynasty wasn’t as good as compared to people living under Han rule.
The Han Dynasty of China emerged as a principal source of power around 221 BCE, controlling much of Eastern Asia. Meanwhile the rule of the imperial Roman Empire draws back to 27 BC, dominating the western Mediterranean world. The Roman Empire and Han dynasty were specifically powerful influential civilizations during this time of a global transition towards imperialism. The Han dynasty had a population of approximately 60 million which lasted for over 2,000 years in China and was characterized by warring periods, outbursts of rebellion, and a both powerful and influential government. The Roman people presented several unprecedented advances in science, technology and economy. Today’s civilizations owe an immense debt to several significant empires of time including not only China and Rome but Greece, Persia and India as well. Their contributions to modern day concepts, inventions, and techniques laid the foundation for modern civilizations. The Han and Roman Empire civilizations may be distinguished according to their economic, political, and religious
One main similarity is the Roman empire, in the Mediterranean region, and the Hang dynasty, in East Asia, had an overextended population due to nomadic people which diminished the amount of available resources as well as the authority of the central government. One main difference involves the Roman empire where the nomadic people were able to create their own kingdoms first controlling the empire and then being diminished, whereas in the Hang dynasty the nomadic people assimilated to the Chinese culture at the start without altering the political systems.