The study of slavery in the southern half of the United States prior to the Civil War examines the institution in a capitalistic sense, choosing to see the punishment of slaves as unlikely due to the paternalistic relationship that allegedly existed between slaves and their masters. Recently, historiographical texts, such as River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom by Walter Johnson, have taken up the mantle of disproving this. In his introduction, Johnson describes the institution of slavery as such: "The Cotton Kingdom was built out of sun, water, and soil; animal energy, human labor, and mother wit; grain, flesh, and cotton; pain, hunger, and fatigue; blood, milk, semen, and shit." In regards to the title of his book, Johnson asserts that the importance of slavery in terms of economic history did not lie with Massachusetts, but along the Mississippi River, additionally dismantling prior historiography surrounding slavery. Serving as the major thesis of his book, Johnson convincingly and ambitiously argues that slaves labored, resisted, and reproduced in the Mississippi Valley Region, and it was the response by southerners to material limitations, such as land degradation, in this region that slaveholders increasingly projected their power onto
The South produced cotton, which remained its main cash crop and countless Southerners knew that hefty reliance on slave labor would damage the South ultimately, but their forewarnings were not regarded. The South was constructed on a totalitarian system. Constitutionally the North preferred a loose understanding of the United States Constitution, and they sought to grant the federal government amplified powers. The South desired to reserve all vague powers to the separate states themselves. The South trusted upon slave labor on behalf of their economic wellbeing, and the economy for the North was not
1. The basic premise of Pinckney’s argument is founded on the idea that slavery, as a societal instrument, naturally exists and has existed throughout recorded history of civilization and religion, therefore discrediting the notions of its immorality by several northern legislators. Additionally, Pinckney supports slavery as an economic tool as well as a political tool, both with the intention of maintaining the union. Representative Pinckney supports slavery through the theocratic appeal of the bible to the representatives of congress by stating, “Now, sir, … is there a single line in the Old of New Testament either censuring or forbidding it? I answer without hesitation.” In fact, Pinckney continues to enforce the idea of slavery by citing the historical influences of slavery in instances of “Hagar… and an African slave, brought out of Egypt… and the beloved servant of the Most High,” as well as, “the Jews and the Greeks and Romans had all slaves” (Document 2) Pinckney in his argument appeals to the representatives as an outstanding
William’s main argument in this book is that the rise of industrial capitalism in Europe would not have been possible without the profits derived from African slave labor. Williams does an exceptional job of demonstrating how slavery transformed England into an economic superpower. This book illustrates the economic aspects of the slave trade as it addresses who benefited from it, how it contributed to the formation of capitalism. When referencing the book by Eric Williams, “Capitalism and Slavery” the origin of Negro slavery is something in history that is disputed and misconstrued. According to William’s book slavery was caused by numerous economic
Throughout the course of American History, one of the most inner conflicts held within this nation has been the conflict between sectionalism and slavery. Divided by the North and the South, the conflicts born by these two opposing sections were a result over the debate on slavery. Since the North was primarily made up of business and industry, the people had no need for the institution known as slavery. However, the South was simply an area in which the practice of slavery was used to make a profit for its agriculture based society. Slavery became a topic for debate, but not because it was just morally wrong for it was a conflict of personal gain.
Delany believed in the founding of a nation where formerly enslaved blacks could forge a homeland free from the discrimination that was universal in the United States. However, not only did Delany have beliefs of territorial expansion, but he shared similar connections with Amy Greenberg. Both were concerned with the social, political, and historical perspectives that played a role in the growth of Manifest Destiny. The goal of this paper is to provide insight on Delany’s
In the book, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, Frederick Douglass reveals his life as a slave and the valuable lessons he learned from his experience. Douglass wants the truth about slavery to be revealed and wants to eliminate the lies that portray slavery as beneficial. Douglass exposes the reality of slavery by criticizing the “romantic image” of slavery, showing the intellectual capabilities slaves had, and revealing the reasons why slaves were disloyal to each other. Douglass criticizes the southern, romantic image of slavery by exposing the harsh treatment and sadness that slaves endured. It was southerners who thought slavery as beneficial, because it benefited themselves and white society.
The economy of the South was mostly agricultural and they relied on slaves for labor. Once Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncles Tom’s Cabin, it became the best-selling book in that century according to Document 3. This book informed the Northerners of how terribly slaves were treated in the South. Many Northerners became abolitionists and tried to take action to end slavery. People in the South were completely opposed to the idea of ending slavery because their economic success depended on the labor of slaves.
He also highlighted the fact that southern blacks were loyal workers, AND that they built the South without going on strikes and labor wars, which were common in northern industrial society. All things considered, this argument was convincing. In reality, one-third of the South’s population was black, and held an economic weight in society especially because of the emancipation of slaves. If whites ostracized blacks from working in the South, even as meager farmers and industrialist, the southern economy would falter as a
The main goal of the movement was the emancipation of slaves and the end of racial discrimination. Many abolitionists argued that slavery went against the “unalienable rights” outlined in the United States Declaration of Independence. These were the rights to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Other abolitionist believed that the enslavement of others was a sin. The abolition movement can be traced back to early colonial times.
The South longed for slavery to be accepted into the constitution, as their cash crop economy thrived on the utilization of slaves. The abolishment of slaves would impact farmers in the south that produced massive quantities of cash crops. Prior to the
One of the many rationales for the South leaving is because of their discrepancies in politics. Third, the South left because of economic difference.”The South established a rural way of life supported by an agricultural economy based on slave labor….The North developed an intricate railway system and shipping industry to transport the manufactured goods.” (Doc 3). That quote shows that North’s way of living is based on factories and the South’s way of living is with slavery and plantations. The difference in their surroundings created them different needs,so one thing that affects the North might not affect the South.The South’s session was because their needs differed from the North’s
The three main causes of the Civil War between the North and the South were industrial and agricultural economies, politics, and slavery. The first main cause of the Civil War was economic differences between the Northern and Southern states. During the first few decades of the 19th century, the North had an industrial revolution that brought an economy that relied on laborers. While at the same time, the South continued to rely on slaves for their farming and the production of cotton. The Northerners did not need slaves for their economy, but the Southerners could not make any profit without cotton or slaves.
This quote is taken from a book written by George Fitzhugh. George Fitzhugh was a sociologist; The systematic study of human society, especially present-day societies. He believed that slaves were their happiest being slaves. He also believed that free labor workers in the north do little work and they use people. This document tells us what southerners thought and what they believed.
The North wanted the new states to be free, while the South wanted the new states to be slave states. Slavery was a huge topic that was talked about before territories became states and the west expanded. #9 How does the Kansas-Nebraska Act and the use of popular sovereignty lead to the violence that becomes known as “bleeding