Social Identity And Cultural Identity

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A simple question “what is identity ?" would be the same question as “who are you ?" or, how people define who they are. When people discuss about their characteristics in the community, they often implied about the various factors such as culture, society and belief, which are related to consider the identity. Identity is a concept of people to show their perception, qualities, beliefs, and expressions, which raise the differences between self-identity or collective identity (such as social identity and cultural identity) (Hogg and Abrams, 1988). According to Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries.com, it displays that identity is “the characteristics, feelings or beliefs that distinguish people from others” and “the characteristics determining who…show more content…
People created identity from many aspects which influenced mostly by social identity and cultural identity. Social identity is the definition of personality characteristics, which are linked to social roles, such as the role of being a parent, friend, employer or employee (Bhugra and Becker, 2005). Culture identity is a shared sense of the same practices, beliefs, interests and principles of living. The cultural identity is related to heritage of people to help them to identify themselves by the traditions and cultural practices such as belief structure or religion, dress, languages, ways of life and…show more content…
They proposed that the groups such as social class, family, and others, which people belonged to were an important source of pride and self-esteem. The groups give people a sense of social identity to belong in the society (Tajfel and Turner, 1979). Referring to Social Identity Theory by Saul McLeod (2008), there are three mental processes involved in evaluating others as “us” or “them” (i.e. “in-group” and “out-group”). This picture is retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/social-identity-theory.html; (Social Identity Theory by Saul McLeod, 2008) The social categorization is categorized objects in order to understand out-group and identify them. The researchers categorize people (including themselves) in order to understand the social environment by using the social categories such as black, white, Australian, Christian, Muslim, student, etc. So it is defined appropriate behavior by reference to the norms of groups that people belong to, but the one can only do this if him/her can tell who belongs to their group and an individual can belong to many different

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