a. Sociology is the study of the social relationships that affect the humans as well as institutions. It involves many fields of study that include crime, religion, family, race, culture and society among others. It is the primary purpose of sociology to provide linkage to all of these different subjects to help in understanding how humans behave (Smith, 2016). b. Sociological enquiry is the careful analysis of the motivational factors as well as the behavior of a certain individual within a particular group of people.
To manage the classroom effectively, teachers need to teach children about how to discipline themselves. It called 'individual disciplined’. Dr Maria Montessori(1912) stated that, “We call an individual disciplined when he is master of himself, and can, therefore, regulate his own conduct when it shall be necessary to follow some rule of life.” Robert Wood and Albert Bandura(1989) stated that, “… behaviour, cognitive, and other personal factors, and environmental events operate as interacting determinants that influence each other bidirectionally.” A man has to learn to master himself, to know that what is appropriate behaviour and what is inappropriate behaviour, as behaviours and thinking may affect his or her academic learning and social learning. Dr Maria Montessori(1912) stated that, “… the teacher who is to lead the child along such a path of discipline, if she is to make it
Language is the main tool of the socialization process because it is used in communication which is used in exchanging knowledge and it is used in building new identities (Leontyev, 1997). Cultural socialization refers to parenting practices that teach children about their racial heritage. Learning our social roles is a central aspect of socialization and roles refer to the way we behave and think. Most social scientists agree together that socialization is unique to human beings because they can think. In my opinion I think that socialization means understanding the nature of the human behavior and its surrounding in order to know how to survive in changing environment.
In like manner, the teacher must learn when to intervene and develop self-control. He/she must not bother the child when concentrating unless he/she observes incidents that are deemed dangerous, or impolite. Once the child is show how to work and knows what is expected from him/her, he/she is able of making his/her own choices within the classroom. These choices favour the child’s will and discipline and awaken his/her ability to obey
CYW 129- Understanding Society In the following discourse multiple theories and perspectives within sociology will be outlined. How each perspective looks at society will be explored while providing explanations of theories within each perspective. The importance of social theory within community and youth work and how applies to practice will be explained using a case study. Before looking at social theory it is important to firstly look at sociology. Sociology is the study of people and their behaviours, values, and power within society.
Let’s start with talking about the different ways in which society can be studied. One way that society can be studied is a by a term known as macrosociology. Macrosociology is where things are a viewed on a large scale. With this way of studying, sociologists like to look at the way the society directly affects and individual. Functionalism and the Conflict Theory, two of the three theoretical perspectives we have discussed in previous chapters, are studied this way.
This approach to classroom management creates a safe space to learn, as mainly it is their space. Also, in this theory Assertive Discipline ,Lee& Marlene(1976),states that rules and behaviour expectations must be clearly stated and enforced. Teachers are never to threaten students, but to promise fair consequences for improper behaviour. For this model to work, the teacher must use a firm voice and constant eye contact. This model places responsibility for bad student conduct on the teacher.
USE QUESTIONING AND FEEDBACK TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS UNIT 2, 6.4 LITERATURE REVIEW Harlen explains that there are two main reasons for assessing students: to help their learning and to report on what they have learned. He argues that researchers typically discuss these reasons as different purposes for assessment and “mistakenly as different kinds of assessments that are somehow opposed to one another” (Harlen, 2007b). How can they achieve the aim? When learners know and understand these principles, the quality of learning will improve. Sharing this information with my learners will promote ownership of the learning aims and a sense of shared responsibility between me the teacher and learner to achieve those aims.
Sociology is defined as the study of humans, societies and social groups within societies. It is also said to be the ‘science of society’. The subject of sociology tries to help us to understand why we act in certain ways and that what may come across as inevitable may perhaps be shaped and moulded by historical events and processes. It is important as it helps us gain knowledge of the world in which we live and why certain things happen within this world. Patterns may also develop from the study of sociology.
In the quest to explain and classify the new social life dynamics, a number of theories and research methods were developed by the scholars to explain the social life. It is through this process that the development of discipline of sociology had started (Van Krieken, et al., 2013). Key theoretical Perspectives in Sociology Sociologist observes and analyses the social phenomenon from different perspectives and at different level. From the generalisations of various elements of the society to the concentrate interpretations and social behaviours, sociologists analyse and study everything and consider details from the micro level of analysis to macro level of analysis of the society. The three key perspectives in sociology include: The symbolic interactionism perspective directs the scholars of sociology to consider the details and symbols of the everyday life activity including the interpretation of the symbols and the interaction of people with one another.