Introduction Great thinkers, including Plato and Aristotle opened the doors to studying society; they based their thoughts on creating an “ideal society”. The science of Sociology was later developed in the early 19th century by Auguste Comte, who coined the word “Sociology”. He began to study society, using “critical thinking”. Comte believed that only by really understanding society could we begin to change it.
It is unacceptable that a whole group of people receive less money simply because of their gender and we have to change this fact if we wish to be competitive in the world today. For example, we have made some progress in addressing this issue, in late January of 2009; President Obama signed into law the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. This law sought to help address the unequal pay gap by restoring the protection against pay discrimination that was taken away by the Supreme Court’s decision in the 2007 case Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. While this law certainly was a step in the right direction, it did not go far enough to fully fix this problem in our society.
Katie Bardaro, from Pay Scale Human Capital, once said “The real issue here is not the gender wage gap, but the jobs wage gap. People are filling positions according to gender, with higher-paid positions being filled by men and lower-paid positions being filled by women. That needs to change” In addition, men and women have differences on how they get paid. People think that men should get paid more because they think that they can do so much more, when women can do the same amount as a man can.
Application of Sociological Perspectives Introduction Sociology plays an immense role in helping us understand the happenings in the society. Sociology is thus essential in understanding how society works and to plan how to deal with various problems associated with it. It also helps in the understanding of how institutions such as family and home, school, religion, government, and the community contributes to the development of individuals. In addition, it provides solutions to problems facing the society such as crime.
a. Sociology is the study of the social relationships that affect the humans as well as institutions. It involves many fields of study that include crime, religion, family, race, culture and society among others. It is the primary purpose of sociology to provide linkage to all of these different subjects to help in understanding how humans behave (Smith, 2016). b. Sociological enquiry is the careful analysis of the motivational factors as well as the behavior of a certain individual within a particular group of people. The primary objective of sociological inquiry is to reveal an understanding of the social world that is readily observable.
Perspective is a chosen approach that can be used to study any subject in the field of sociology. These perspectives highlight the diverse methods an individual selects to analyze a theme and how they perceive the society in general. Three sociological perspectives include functionalist, conflict and interactionist perspectives (Thompson, Hickey, & Thompson, 2016, p. 2). Throughout this paper, I examine how we analyze the role of television from the functional, conflict, and interactionist approaches.
Although some people do say that the myth of the wage gap is just that for all others there is something we can do. In Ann Crittenden review of Don 't Get Mad, Get Even: Book Review of Getting Even: Why Women Don 't Get Paid Like Men—And What To Do About It Crittenden argues that while women essentially are even with men in terms of education and experience, women still get the short end of the stick and get payed less then males. She claims that even with the blatant sexsim going on in most workplaces there is soemthing all women can do, demand their fair share. Now this might seem as a simple task but if it was childs play, then women would have been getting paid fairly since they entered the workforce back in the the 60’s. She develops this claim by stating research done by Evelyn Murphy a financial analyst.
Sometimes, women are not given the chance to make more money because employers think that men are stronger, smarter, or more experienced or skilled (Gender Differences 84). This obviously means that women do not get a fair chance to get higher paying jobs in some cases. However, women know how to fight and try to make things right. An example of this is in the article “Understanding the ‘‘Family Gap’’ in Pay for Women with Children”. Jane Waldfogel states that if women had “not increased their investments in education and experience, the gender pay gap would have widened in the 1980s simply due to the changes in the overall wage structure” (140).
Steps have been taken to end this injustice, and over the years the Wage Gap has narrowed, but yet is substantial. The 2009 Lilly Ledbetter Act, protects a woman’s right to take action against pay discrimination is not enough. Despite of laws that don’t allow gender wage gap, it continues. “Federal law already prohibits gender-based pay discrimination, but violations are hard to prove and wage gaps persist in nearly every industry” (Cowely). This indicates that the government needs to pass additional wage equality legislations with severe consequences if violated and also ways to expose the employers that practice this injustice.
Women are working incredibly hard to earn their place in the workforce and to be treated equal, but there is much more that needs to happen. According to the site ("Women in Business."), “Women are almost half of the workforce. They are the equal, if not the main, breadwinner in four out of ten families. They receive more college and graduate degrees than men. Yet, on average, women continue to earn considerably less than men.
The most popularly cited statistic when it comes to the gender wage gap states that women earn only 82 cents for every dollar that is earned by men (Glynn). Basically, what that means is if you average out what all women, working full time, year round, earn and compare that number to what all men working full time, year round, earn, researchers have found that women end up taking home 82 percent of what men do. According to the U.S Bureau of Labor Statistics, in 2012, 57.7% of the corporate workforce was made up of women. If over half of working citizens are women, then why aren’t they getting the same respect in the work environment as men? This controversial topic is affecting women in many more ways than one.
Sociology somehow can also be define as the study of development, structure, and functioning of human society. Sociology requires more than of common sense to make sense in a society. Sociology aims to provide objective knowledge of a social phenomenon in order to cope with social issues in a society. Sociology, therefore, offers insights into these issues in order to reveal the questions of humanity, also the changes and transition that humans goes through. As a sociologist, Andre Beteille have said, social science is primarily being conduct upon certain legal guidelines, the research technique and how the data is collected.
Sociology is the scientific study of human social relationships and interactions. Sociology 's subject matter is diverse. Subject matter for sociology ranges from the micro level of an individual and interaction to the macro level of systems and the social structure. At the society level, sociology examines and explains matters like crime and law, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, schools and education, business firms, urban community, and social movements. We can see these subject matters crystal clear as sociology ranges from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture and from social stability to radical change in whole societies.
Sociology is defined as the study of humans, societies and social groups within societies. It is also said to be the ‘science of society’. The subject of sociology tries to help us to understand why we act in certain ways and that what may come across as inevitable may perhaps be shaped and moulded by historical events and processes. It is important as it helps us gain knowledge of the world in which we live and why certain things happen within this world. Patterns may also develop from the study of sociology.