The goal of the experiment is to synthesize a bromohexane compound from 1-hexene and HBr(aq) under reflux conditions and use the silver nitrate and sodium iodide tests to determine if the product is a primary or secondary hydrocarbon. The heterogeneous reaction mixture contains 1-hexene, 48% HBr(aq), and tetrabutylammonium bromide and was heated to under reflux conditions. Heating under reflux means that the reaction mixture is heated at its boiling point so that the reaction can proceed at a faster rate. The attached reflux condenser allows volatile substances to return to the reaction flask so that no material is lost. Since alkenes are immiscible with concentrated HBr, tetrabutylammonium bromide is used as a phase-transfer catalyst.
Calculate the density of the water then compare the measured density of the water with the value from the handbook for the temperature of this lab experiment. Now grab an unknown liquid and record the ID number and determine and verify the density of the unknown liquid. The same method is to be used as described for water. III. Prepare solutions of solutions of sodium chloride in distilled water consisting of the following percentages by weight: 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%.
The reactions that form the basis for the iodine clock reaction are shown below. Equation 1: H2O2 + 3 I- + 2 H+ → I3- + 2 H2O • H2O2 = Hydrogen peroxide • I- = Iodide ion (from potassium iodide) • H+
A conjugate acid-base pair is a pair of substances in a reaction whose molecular formulas differ by a single proton. An indicator was used to indicate when to stop the titration, an indicator is compound that is added in small amounts to indicate the pH of a solution visually. The indicator used in this lab was methyl orange. This indicator is pink/red when a solution is acidic, orange when it is neutral, and yellow when basic
One of the reactions you observed resulted in this product: NaCl + H2O + CO2 (g)? What well did this reaction occur in? Describe how the observations for this reaction support your answer. B BoldI ItalicsU Underline Bulleted list Numbered list Superscript Subscript70 Words A reaction I observed in number 1.)
The process uses a base carbon dioxide and acid work-up. The original reaction done by Kolbe involved the formation of sodium phenoxide through the evaporation of a molar equivalent mixture of phenol and aqueous sodium hydroxide. The hygroscopic sodium phenoxide is then heated while carbon dioxide gas is passed over the molten salt. The mixture is then further heated to give the dianion of salicylic acid along with carbon dioxide and phenol both of which distill away from the mixture.
The Problem: How does temperature affect the dissolving time of an antacid tablet? Antacid tablets are medicines that help neutralize the acid in your stomach. Antacid tablets are made of numerous numbers of components, such as sodium bicarbonate (baking powder), magnesium hydroxide, critic acid, and many others. When Antacid tablets are placed in water, they undergo a chemical reaction, where the sodium bicarbonate breaks apart to make sodium and bicarbonate ions. When the bicarbonate ions collide with hydrogen ions, it produces carbonic acid.
Dissolution is the process that makes solutions. A solution is a homogenous mixture of two or more substances. The solute in the solution is the substance that is dissolved, while the solvent in the solution is the substance that dissolves the solute during dissolution. The question introduced in this lab is “What factors influence the rate at which one substances dissolves in another?” The three factors that affect the rate of dissolution are temperature, how much you stir the mixture, and the particle size of the substances.
Hypothesis: My hypothesis is that the rate can be measured as ∆ρ/∆t=rate of reaction Additionally, I hypothesize that I can use variations of the original concentration of the solution of HCl with water to figure out how the original concentration changes rate of reaction. And of course, I hypothesize that my method will be successful in measuring the rate of reaction.
Thus, determining the CaCO3 content in
Hydrophobic & Hydrophilic Molecules 1. Hydrocarbons made up of solely of hydrogen and carbon atoms 2. Hydrophilic is water loving and are compounds that will interact with water 3. Hydrophobic is water fearing and compounds that do not interact with water 2.7 Acids and Bases 1. Acid is any substance that yields hydrogen ions when put in water solutions 2.
In a single-replacement reaction, a molecule composed of a cation, or atom with a positive charge, and an anion, or atom with a negative charge, is introduced to a pure element. When mixed together, the anion from the reactant molecule will transfer over to the pure element, causing the original cation to become a pure element. When magnesium metal is placed in hydrochloric acid: Mg + 2HCl --> MgCl2 + H2. Here, it can be seen that the chlorine anion that was a part of the hydrochloric acid is transferred to the pure magnesium, leaving behind hydrogen. Double-replacement reactions are yet another type of chemical reactions.
The topic of research is, “how fast does an Alka-Seltzer tablet make gas?”. In the experiment, the scientists will be measuring the chemical reaction rates that occur, when 1 Alka-Seltzer tablet is placed in a specific temperature of water. The independent variable during the experiment will be the temperature of the water (degrees Celsius). The dependent variable during the experiment will be, the rate in which gas is produced (in seconds). The constants of the experiment, will be the amount of water used and the Alka Selter compound.
ZnCl2(aq) + Na2S(aq)= ZnS(s) + NaCl(aq). Ionic reactions occurred between ions in aqueous solution. A reaction occurs when a pair of ions come together to produce at least one of the following: a precipitate, a gas, water, or some other non‐ionized substance. An examples of ionic reactions, if a compound is soluble in water then it should be shown as being in aqueous solution, or left as separate ions.
Introduction: The unknown acid molarity will be determining by titration method. Titration is a process depends on concentration of known solution to another solution until the solute in the another solution completely react. Standard solution is the solution of known concentration that used in titration. In this experiment, NaOH was the titrant (base) however, the two analyte which used were HCl and H2SO4.