His scheduled flight was postponed multiple times and gave Russia the successful chance to send the first man into space. Shepard eventually launched on May 5, 1961. He named his spacecraft, Mercury Spacecraft 7, Freedom 7. Alan Shepard became known as the second person in space and the first American in space. As technology advanced, the Soviet Union and American space programs continued to advance and compete against each other.
In 1957 the soviets launched the first ever satellite in space called “Sputnick”. Many American people were shocked and worried that the satellite was spying on America. This encouraged NASA to try even harder to achieve winning the Space Race. Also, the Soviets beat America by putting the first ever human in space named “Yuri Gagarin”.
government actions during the beginning of the space race was the establishment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A few short months after Sputnik the U.S. attempted to launch its own Vanguard satellite. The rocket lifted off the pad at Cape Canaveral, FL and blew up shortly after. It was clear that the U.S. needed a more organized approach to winning the race against Russia. Therefore, President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act in 1958, which established NASA as America’s leading entity in in space utilization.
The future of space exploration will have forever changed from this moment on. On July 16,1969, man did the impossible, and landed on the Moon. The mission to arrive in total lasted a little bit over eight days. July 20 was the official day of the landing. The whole idea started with the President of the United States at the time, John F. Kennedy.
On January 9, 1969 Armstrong was named commander of Apollo 11, and that was the first try to land a human on the moon. On July 16 1969 Armstrong and his pilots took off to the moon. About seven hours after they landed, they opened the door and walked down the ladder before he became the first man to walk on the moon, He said “that’s one small step for man, and one giant leap for mankind “. Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin spent more than 2 hours outside the craft. They studied the surface and collected rocks, and after a day, they left and docked with Collins while he was in orbit then all three flew back.
Lunar exploration began when the Soviets’ Luna flew by the moon in 1959. Soon after, Pioneer 4, sent by NASA, passed by the moon. The Ranger, Surveyor, and Lunar Orbiter missions were sent by NASA soon after that to photograph the surface of the
It put the USA’s and the USSR’s space/rocket development programs up against each other to put the first man in space and then onto the moon. The Space Race had its roots in the Arms Race and the Nuclear Rocket Program. As more and more money was piled into the Race it finally bore fruit for the Soviets on October 4, 1957, “a Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite and the first man-made object to be placed into the Earth’s orbit” (The Space Race). The Americans put their own up the following year, Explorer 1, in the next 12 years’ great steps would be made in the field of Rocket propulsion systems and man would go into space, finally culminating with Neal Armstrong landing on the Moon in 1969. All these steps in Space exploration would never have been possible if the USA and USSR had not been continuously trying to improve on their own rocket systems in order to get ahead of each other in the Cold War.
Flag Speech On July, 19th 1939 Apollo 11 landed on the moon. Neil Armstrong sent a message to Mission control in Houston, Texas. The message stated “The Eagle has landed”. I believe that this message is supposed to mean how America was the first country to land on the moon. “Eagle”, representing America because the eagle is an emblem of our country much like our flag.
When JFK took his presidency many believed that the US would loose the space race to the USSR, but in this speech he showed how many technological advancements we have achieved over the years; the printing press, steam engines, electric lights, telephones, automobiles, penicillin, nuclear power. He addressed that some people thought we should wait, that we were not ready to go into space, and explore the moon. But he mentioned that this country was not built on waiting, it was built on those who moved forward and conquered their fears. Many people did not believe that going to the moon could be achieved.
The moon landing was one of the most iconic moments in history. Viewers stood on their toes until the very moment that Neil Armstrong stepped onto the moon, and they stayed there until Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin landed on American soil again. Authors The Times, William Safire, and Ayn Rand speak on the moon landing soon after the mission was accomplished. In the morning after America successfully landed the first aircraft on the moon, The Times published an article about the moon landing. Everyone in the world was interested in the moon landing.
The beginning of the Space Race began with the Soviet Union’s successful launch of Sputnik in October of 1957. Shortly after in 1961, President John F. Kennedy gave his famous space exploration speech to Congress. In it, he asked for more resources so that the United States could send a man to the moon and bring him back to Earth safely before the decade was out. With the Soviet Union being the first initially in every major milestone, the United States knew it needed to respond quickly. President Kennedy’s speech to Congress kicked off one of the most expensive and ambitious adventures this country has ever done.
An astronaut named Yuri Gagarin was launched in space, known as the first man outside the Earth’s orbit in the spacecraft Vostok I. These incidents hurt the pride and ego that caused the American’s to take a step at such drastic measures even though they faced many failures in the space race. The events in the space race still continue… After this incident years went by and finally the day arrived where America will take the upper hand. Apollo 11 was launched into space in July 20th, 1965. The space craft was named The Eagle.
James McDivitt and Ed White where the two astronauts part of the a Gemini. Ed White was the first American to walk in space. White was born on Noverber 14, 1930, in San Antonio, Texas. White went to school at United States Military Academy and University of Michigan U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School James McDivitt is an American former test pilot. James was born June 10, 1929,in Chicago, Illinois.
The Apollo program was a series of planned, manned space flight missions with the ultimate goal of sending a man from the United States to the moon before the Russians could send their own person. The mission that landed the first people on the moon was Apollo 11. This mission became famous worldwide as people watched the first steps Neil Armstrong took on the moon from the television. This momentous event changed the tide of the space race and it displayed that America was superior in space technology, programs and showed that the United States was the true world power. The United States did beat the Russians to the moon in the end; despite the Russians having launched their satellites into space first.
The two countries wanted to prove their technology, military power, economic system, and political system. The space race was a part of the Cold War. The space race began as the Soviet Union sent Sputnik and the first man into space. Sputnik was launched on October 04, 1957. Sputnik is world’s first artificial satellite.