A few years ago, my parents told me that we were moving to the United States of America. I went around telling people and showing off about moving to America. Little did I know all my friends and their families had made arrangements to move to America? Now I question my parents, did we move just because everyone in the neighborhood was moving or was it an independent family decision? Has it been a better decision than staying home? Yes! Did my parents decide to move because everyone we knew was moving? Yes! Has the decision and the outcome from it changed us? Yes, but not our identity. I am the same person I was seven years ago; but the life style has changed bit more than I expected. We (humans) tend to think we do not need anyone in our life …show more content…
In an experiment described in Stanley Milgram’s article ,“The Perils of Obedience” most of the subjects as described as teachers, tend to follow orders from the experimenter even when they knew the victim (student) were being hurt by the electric shocks. The experiment in detail is to test how much pain someone can give to another just because he was ordered to. The experiment was divided between two people, a student and a teacher. They were to read a pair of words, then remember the second word afterwards. If the answer was incorrect then they were to be punished by the electric shock. In this case, the teacher is the main focus and the learner is the actor, who is just supposed to act in the experiment and he doesn’t get the shock at all. There were lots of switches that were designated from low to strong voltage. The teacher was supposed to shock the learner and when he did, he grunts at 75 volts, and he complains loudly at 150 volt. So as the voltage increased, he gets very emotional. Not experimented but another point to be analyzed is in Asch’s experiment. In an experiment, a group of students were instructed to answer incorrectly to the questions to see if the subject answers following the groups answer. This experiment not only tests the person’s decision making, but also the idea of following orders from others. For example, Asch states, “…members of the group were instructed by the experimenter …show more content…
She separates her students into two groups to see how they will change and try to react to the group. She separated them into categories of blue and brown eye. Each day she selected a different eye color to be the superior one. They would discriminate against their friend if they were superior. They were just doing what one was doing, or at least following what the teacher told them to do in this experiment. Elliot then experimented on a group of prisoners. She separated them the same way as she did with the third graders, but the only difference was that this time brown eyes were superior. The result was the same as seen in the third graders. Lessing also states, “ But we also find our thinking changing because we belong to a group”(Lessing 652) which basically proves Elliot’s experiment with the prisoners and third grade students who find themselves involved with the group and are afraid to share their opinions. They just wanted to be in a group to fit in so they do not disrupt the group they were involved in. Also in Asch experiment on conformity, he shows us how much we will try to be the same as the group. Conformity is found everywhere around us. It is a huge force that can cause damage if found in the wrong place. As we grow, we will all experience conformity no matter where we live. Solomon Asch, a social psychologist conducted an experiment on the influence of
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”(Schaefer, 104) This relates to labeling because the white students were labeling the learners by skin color and that is how they decided if they wanted to shock them or not. They based their decisions on how they taught the person deserved it because of their
1. What rationale do the author(s) give for conducting the study? The author that is conducting this research is testing the obedience of a subject when dealing with “stocking a victim” by use of a shock generator. There are thirty levels of shock that are generated varying from a slight shock to a severe shock.
People don’t want to be the odd one out and they certainly don’t want to be judged for it. This experiment showed how social pressure from a group could get a person to conform. All in all, the results of the elevator experiment show that conformity can be influenced by an individual’s innate desire to be like everyone
“The Perils of Obedience”, written by Stanley Milgram in 1973, explores how her experiment demonstrated people’s affinity to obey orders even if it means someone will get hurt. Milgram is a leading social psychologist who disproved previously considered notions about obedience and authority. Her work demonstrates how obedience trumps morality and gives support for this phenomena with examples from history. By using different participants’ reactions, the author is able to analyze the meaning behind the experiment.
This concept is so important because the whole point of this experiment was to teach this third grade class that the race of an individual does not determine who they are or how they should be treated. For instance, by splitting her third grade classroom into two different groups based on eye color, Elliot was essentially creating two different races. What she was teaching is that while differences do exist between people, these differences do not define who these people are. Students learned that their eye color does not matter. A person is still a person, blue-eyed or brown-eyed, and should be treated equally.
Instead, through a game of memory, the volunteers are observed on how they react when the authority tells them to deliver pain on another person. A question is asked by the volunteer to the ‘learner’ who is in the next room and is placed there by Milgram with the purpose to pretend his hurting when shocks are delivered. When the ‘learner’ makes a mistake then the volunteer must deliver a shock as a punishment “Punishment is administered by
The Milgram experiment was conducted to analyze obedience to authority figures. The experiment was conducted on men from varying ages and varying levels of education. The participants were told that they would be teaching other participants to memorize a pair of words. They believed that this was an experiment that was being conducted to measure the effect that punishment has on learning, because of this they were told they had to electric shock the learner every time that they answered a question wrong. The experiment then sought out to measure with what willingness the participants obeyed the authority figure, even when they were instructed to commit actions which they seemed uncomfortable with.
Stanley Milgram wants to know how people would go in obeying an instruction. For his experiment he stand a procedure it is different from others. His experiment taken at human beings. 40 males aged between 20 and 50 were selected for the experiment, These 40 males were professionals who is unskilled. There is a teacher and learner in his experiment.
In the article of “The Perils of Obedience”, written by Stanley Milgram, the experimenter explains that the experiment is to see how far a person could hurt a victim in a situation where he is ordered to do so. Also, in the article “The Stanford Prison
There had been experimentation on obedience but none had been done like Milgram’s. The experimenter warns, “In this experiment, one of you will be the learner and receive shocks when you make a mistake in word pairs read to you, and the other one will be the teacher and administer the shocks when the word pair repetition is wrong.” (Slater 33). He wanted to see if people would shock a person continuously because someone had told them to. Milgram wanted to know how far people would go.
In this experiment, there were also two groups - the teacher and the student. The teacher would read a list of word pairs, and then begin testing the student, starting at 15 volts of shock, if the student got the question wrong, they would be shocked, with increasing voltage every time; if they got it right, they would not be shocked. In this experiment, experts believed that only “less than 1 percent would go all the way to the end [because] only sadists would engage in such sadistic behavior” (Zimbardo 271) However, they couldn’t be more wrong; 65% of the participants got up to 450 volts before they wanted to stop. The “teachers” were able to do this with little to no feelings of guilt, because after administering the shocks the first few times, it had become a habit. The experimenter remaining in the room was also a factor in this experiment because when the teachers would stop and beg to leave, the experimenter would say no.
In the 1950s, social psychologist Solomon Asch conducted an experiment to determine how vulnerable people are to social influence. He organized a psychological experiment, in which a subject was in a room with eight-to-ten other people. Unbeknownst to the subject was the fact that the other participants were really just confederates, following instructions from the examiner. That very examiner arrives and informs the subject that they will be participating in a study involving concerns for people’s visual judgments. They proceed to set down two cards in front of the subject: one contains a single line, while the second contains three lines of various lengths.
Analyzing Psychological Experiments • Milgram experiments. The major takeaway from the Milgram experiments was how many people were willing to comply simply due to the inherent desire to listen to authority regardless of the individual’s gender or background (Davidson, 2022). Even though these people were aware that innocent people were being caused pain by their actions, these participants still shocked the learner just because they were instructed to by authority. • Stanford prison experiment.