First off, all the participants were male so one could question if the results would transfer to females. Second, the participants were all volunteers- the sample was self-selected. The participants might also have a typical “volunteer-personality”- perhaps it took a certain personality type to respond to the newspaper advertisement and therefore the sample would not be representative for the American population. Ethical considerations Milgram (1963) used deception in his studies on obedience, which has been repeatedly criticised. The participants in the experiments actually believed they had administered painful electric shocks to another human being, and were visibly distressed throughout the experiment.
The students inability to stay loyal to Margot ties into the similarities of peer pressure today. The students fear of being left out and Williams vocal authority explain why they are influenced by him. Peer pressure is just overall good and bad depending on how it was used. The people of the world need peer pressure for making decisions and for influence. Hopefully, it is used for
Here a professor had some of his students acting as prisoners and others as the jail guards. Its goal was to see how each participant fell into character. At first the guards seemed to be in an awkward position having to be an authority figure to other students, but not long after the experiment started the guards began showing their authority. This experiment showed that once in a specific role, one begins to actually believe they are that character and it is no longer a role being played. With both of these experiments we see that it doesn’t take much to persuade even the best natured humans to do inhumane things.
However, when power gets in the way, the instructors lose a sense of morality and become discourteous towards the students. In the same way, the Stanford Prison Experiment analysed how roles of power changed the personality of the volunteers to one of a condescending nature. Both the experiment and education systems can cause the downfall of the prisoners and students by the powerless group being subject to the ridicule and vulgarity of the powerful. Regardless, it is important to keep in mind, not all guards in prisons, nor all teachers come across as vile to the opposing group. However, power tends to change the the perception of situations to the group in charge and can cause feelings of hopelessness and depression.
Most of the subjects accept the authority even though they knew that it may be dangerous to shock the victims with high voltage. This behavior reflects the fact that the subjects would do anything against their morality just for obedience. The results of Milgram’s experiment explains the soldiers’ harsh behaviors such as killing innocent people like Magda. The twenty six subjects, who continued the experiment, are similar to Stella: both lost their morality. Ozick also describes the psychological effects of war on
According to codes 4.01/4.04/4.07 confidentiality, privacy and personal information pertaining to participants should be maintained and used for research purposes (American Psychological Association, 2002). There were incidents which took place contributing to the professor violation of the confidentiality codes. One incident was when the professor belittled Johnny about his grade and performance in the class. Another incident is telling students if he or she does not complete the test they will receive an F in the course. This is a violation of code 8.06 because the nature of the experiment was not clarified beforehand the professor waited until after the students begin rebelling to make a bargain for their grade.
This story is convincing to the audience, and it enables them to look at Robinson’s talk with a critical mind and hence appreciate his assertion that indeed schools kill creativity. Robinson prompts the crowd to imagine further what it would be if they allowed children to explore their talents while still young. He mentions that the society is wary of making mistakes and the idea has been coined in the children’s minds that they grow up wishing to be experts and this shuts down their creativity( 5:21). Robinson provokes the crowd into thinking about William Shakespeare and makes a joke about his father shutting him down his style of speech since it was not clear to other people (7:28). The strategy is useful since it touches on people’s emotion and even allows them to imagine a way they would change their parenting
The main factors of motivating humans is the surrounding environment, and surrounding people such as parents and teachers, their job is to take out everything that destroys motivation such as child criticism. In kurdistan child criticism right now is much better than it used to be back in my time, I was even criticised by the teachers for being honest to them. Still today our children are experiencing such things , even though it is illegal to hurt children physically, or emotionally. Instead of hurting them why not give them a reason to believe in themselves ? Another flaw in motivation is inserting the wrong goal in their minds instead of letting them choose their own goals , this is one of the biggest mistakes that parents make here, this has caused the society to accept only doctors , pharmacists , and engineers
The large negative effect that are observed in most previous experiments occurred when the bystanders present were instructed to be passive. This is in fact what happened in the Darley and Latané study, where the experimenter told the others who were bystanders not to say anything. This induced a considerable amount of uncertainty for the experimental participant. When there is a passive bystander, this effect does occur. However, what happens when one person is instructed to be active and step up?
School suspensions are not working because students may not understand what they did wrong, suspensions feel more like time off than a punishment, and students are more likely to act out again after being suspended. Sometimes when a student gets suspended they may feel as if they