This raises significant risks of sexual assault/rape from the other male inmates as they present as a woman with feminie characteristics and demeanour. The Tasmanian Council for Sex and Gender Diverse People (Australian Human Rights Commission 2011) argued that trans people should not be forced into incarceration on the basis of their gender at birth or put into isolation for their protection.
Domestic Violence has always been a problem in society; the act has gone back since the beginning of time. When people think they have authority over another individual, or several people, they get what they want by intimidation. Men have had authority over women for centuries; women were trained to act weak and live powerless, and they were taken advantage of by men, especially by their spouses. However, the sense of power doesn’t always run through men. Women can also be the abuser towards their significant other.
When men are incarcerated, gender issues often become heightened as they seek power or control in the prison. According to Kupers (2005), toxic masculinity involves “the need to aggressively compete and dominate others.” This concept may contribute to certain groups holding more power over others, and leads to the formation of dynamics between sub-communities within the prison. Toxic masculinity frequently results in male offenders resisting mental health treatment or other psychotherapy, since it could be perceived by other inmates as a “vulnerability”. Therefore, male offenders often underreport their emotional issues, and may not reach out for help until they have developed suicidal ideation or psychotic symptoms, (Kupers, 2005). Many prisoners adopt this survival mindset, in which there is no room to express pain or emotion that could in any way lessen their “masculinity”.This can become a major challenge in trying to incorporate treatment programs in prisons, especially if they are constantly being resisted.
I totally disagree with the above statement, that being a correctional officer is the same for both women and male genders. For example, female correctional officers that are working within male prison units are subjected to predatory behaviour from the male offenders i.e., male inmates will attempt to seduce female correctional officers. Often, these behaviours will start innocent enough with something as simple as being nice to the female staff but it can develop quickly into asking for things which can then escalate into potential prison escapes — like the one seen in the Clinton Correctional Facility. Even though the female correctional officer did make a decision to help these dangerous offenders escape, which is a criminal offence. It can be argued that other prison correctional officers and administrational staff noticed this type of behaviour taking place but did nothing to prevent or correct the behaviour to help this female correctional officer from going down a wrong path, because no one helped her she could have been feeling pressure from the offenders to help them out.
The article explains how sexual assault continues to be a problem until this very day. When someone is sexually assaulted, it is very hard for them to cope with the fact that someone has touched them in the wrong way. For the ones who commits the assault, it will only become worse for them. A National Study says, “The main source of inmates’ knowledge of prison sex appears to come from their conversations with other inmates”(Response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act). Some inmates could portray the role of acting as if they are there for the victim to talk to, but there are other things that could result from this.
There is also a different set of values than on the outside. When you are locked up respect is valued over everything. Inmates who have been locked up for a long time are given respect and are usually left alone. On the opposite end of that spectrum new inmates are often harassed and bullied by others because they haven’t earned any respect. When
In the previous paragraph, we understand that the psychological problems trafficking causes can be just as devastating as the physical problems. When people discuss human trafficking, they often are confused as to why the victim didn’t just leave or tell someone. It is an accepted notion that majority of sexually exploited women have a degree of freedom; they are allowed to walk about the streets, allowed to contact “John’s”, and communicate with other women in the same business. However, what people often lack to understand the serious psychological grip that many traffickers have on their victims. In Theresa’s case, she had legitimate reason to believe that her family’s well-being would be in jeopardy if she refused to work or left the Chaldeans.
There are two types of sexual victimization in prisons – inmate on inmate, and staff on inmate. A major problem of staff on inmate sexual victimization arises in female prisons. A startling “3 of 42 women (7%) were either groped or fondled in one Nebraska prison” (Gideon, 2013). That is only in one prison alone so moving forward, some individual risk factors of sexual coercion can be social needs, impressing of peers, building reputation, and avoiding exploitation. To sum up all the sexual victimization, especially with gay and lesbian inmates, happening in prisons – a majority of studies finds that homosexual, bisexual, transsexual, and transgendered inmates are at the highest risk for sexual assaults (Gideon,
The crime of rape in itself is of a sexual nature; therefor sexual desires are often a motive for rapists. One study done by Taylor (1972) examined the documented accounts of the offences of 94 sexual offenders and classified the offenders’ responses into seven categories of reason for offending: these were sexual motivation, negative affect, positive affect, dominance/anger, intimacy, helping and other. The most frequent reason given was sexual motivation, followed by a desire for intimacy. This study proved that although there are other motives behind the rape, the sexual aspect is the driving force. In 1991 the anthropologist Craig Palmer critically examined the various theories involving sexual desires of rapists.
One of the questions that stood out to me in Pinker’s essay was “Do men have an innate tendency to rape?” This question caught my eye considering I do know women who have been raped by a man. Is the leading cause in this atrocity caused by a gene, lack of love as a child, or something way deeper? Pinker describes a “dangerous idea” as “not harmful technologies but as statements of fact or policy that are defended with evidence and argument by serious scientist and thinkers but which are felt to challenge the collective decency of an age (Pinker 531).” A dangerous idea