Stress In Singapore Teen Suicide

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Suicide is the act of taking one’s own life intentionally and voluntarily. According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), suicide attempt or thought of suicide is a symptom of depression. There is no exact cause of suicide (American Foundation for Suicide Prevention [AFSP], 2017). However, mental disorders, stress, and family history of suicide are some risk factors for suicide (AFSP, 2017). In Singapore, the teenage suicide rate is on the rise (Samaritans of Singapore, 2016). Stress has been quoted as the reason for suicide in Singapore teenagers (Wang, 2016). Stress is the feeling of strain when one encountered a situation where the demands exceed the coping resources (Lazarus, 1966). Some sources of stress in Singapore teenagers are from relationship issues and academic pressure (Teng, 2016; Wang, 2016).
One model that can explain suicidal behaviour using stress is the diathesis-stress model. The model explained that every individual has a pre-dispositional vulnerability (diathesis). Under stress, negative diathesis can make an individual vulnerable to a negative outcome. Lazarus (1993) suggested that if the combination of stress and diathesis exceeds the threshold, the person will develop a negative behaviour or a disorder. Ingram and Luxton (2005) further explained that the diathesis can be genetic, biological, environmental, or cognitive. Past research (such as Hewitt, Caelian, Chen, & Flett, 2014; Rew, Thomas, Horner, Resnick, & Beuhring, 2001; Wilburn, &

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