Summary Of Eric Erikson's Eight Stages Of Socioemotional Development

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Psychologist Eric Erikson’s eight stages of socioemotional development, span from infancy to maturity. He analyzed each level of development to recognize the different dilemmas of each developmental stage. Each of his eight stages covers an age specific psychosocial crisis, which impacts development, life choices, relationships, and psyche. Erikson’s first psychosocial crisis occurs during infancy to a year. During this stage, the infant is uncertain about the world. In order to resolve these feelings of uncertainty, the infants look to their primary caregiver for consistency and stability of care. If the care the infant receives is consistent, predictable, and reliable, they will develop a sense of trust. The implementations of hope in this crisis result in the ability to learn the virtue of hope. The infant will see others as a source of support. If the infant receives harsh care, they will develop a sense of mistrust and will not have confidence in the world or their abilities. They will also develop mistrust in relationships. The second stage, Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt, takes place between the ages of 18 months and 3 years of age. At this point in life, the child becomes more independent and the parent should support and encourage the child’s independence. Still, parents should protect them so constant failure is avoided. Success in this crisis leads to self-confidence and feeling secure in one’s ability to survive in the world. Criticized and overly

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