I have learned a lot about prisons and how they function within this chapter. Prisons today compared to prisons back in the day show a drastic change. Take into consideration the Penitentiary Era (1790-1825), Mass Prison Era (1825-1876), Reformatory Era (1876-1890), Industrial Era (1890-1935), Punitive Era (1935-1945), Treatment Era (1945-1967), Community-Based Era (1967-1980), Warehousing Era (1980-1995), and the Just Deserts Era (1985-present) (Schmalleger & Smykia, 2015, p. 214-217). The Just Deserts Era is punishing criminals because they have earned the right to be punished. They are simply given what they deserve.
Life after incarceration, here today gone tomorrow. 95% of adults sentenced to prison will return to our communities, and reentry will be their first step back into society. Imagine have a thousand questions flooding one’s mind all at once. Where will I live, how will I survive, and contribute to the family, while maintaining to the stipulations of one’s parole/ probation, without risking freedom. The number one goal for those newly released back into society by way of the reentry program is to never return to the inside of a prison cell. But reality tells of a different story. Eight out of ten ex-offender will return to prison within three years of being released, either on a minor violation or on new criminal charges. An ex-offender past limits their ability
In an effort to offer better rehabilitative services to the inmates, many prisons have begun providing psychiatrists to help deal with mental disorders and serious issues held by the prisoners. They also offer classroom settings in which inmates can learn to read and discover other means of legally advancing themselves. These methods are proven to have a positive effect on the prisoners. They have helped many to overcome a background with little or no education and encouraged some to straighten out their lives. Upon their release, prisoners who have stuck with these programs are given a better opportunity to succeed and to become law abiding citizens. Rehabilitation of prisoners is an extremely difficult effort. Inmates are segregated from the general public and forced to live in a society where crime is a way of life. For many, time spent behind bars will push them farther into a life of crime, but for others, the horrors of prison life and the lessons they learn there are enough to convince them to do anything possible to never become imprisoned
Shawshank’s Redemption, an all-time best movie produced in 1994 starred and led by actors Tim Robbins and Morgan Freeman. A story about two imprisoned men’s experience with the corrupted prison institution through their way of self-redemption. There is a line, which was well read by Morgan Freeman, I am particularly fond of. Here I quote ‘These walls are funny. First you hate them, then you get used to them. Enough time passes, you get so you depend on them. That 's institutionalized.’ A prison should aim at retribution, incapacitation, deterrence and rehabilitation. I am very well convinced that prison has served its first three purposes by depriving offenders’ freedom, but the
With well over two million people incarcerated in the United States and countless more tied up within the criminal justice system, alternatives to incapacitation are needed now more than ever. Jails and prisons are feeling the strain on their resources due to overcrowding. This overcrowding has debilitated their ability to function as a place to serve out sentences and to rehabilitate inmates. Alternatives to incarceration could reduce prison populations as well as reduce economic costs. A few programs that have shown to be effective are probation and restorative justice. Probation in particular has allowed for individuals to be interactive with the community and has substantially reduced the prison and jail populations. Restorative justice
In todays society the increase of violence and crime has lead many people incarcerated causing many prison facility’s to be over crowded. Many prison facility’s are under staff and very low funded to help keep the security, safety, and medical needs of prisoners. According to an article “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie” by Peter Wagner and Bernadette Rabuy, every year more then 636,000 people leave prison, but there are over 11 million people entering into prison. In addition, many of these crimes that people committed are mostly drug, alcohol related, and non-violate offenses. In order to keep prisons from being over crowded, courts would have people with minor and non-violent offense be released on probation. Besides overcrowded of prison
Vocational and occupational programs are an essential component to an inmate’s success once they are out of prison. On-the-job education, which inmates take through institution job assignments are also an essential component to success. The prisons also aid post-subordinate education in vocational and occupationally oriented areas. Some old-fashioned college routes are available, but inmates are accountable for funding this coursework. Parenting seminars assist inmates to promote suitable parenting ability during imprisonment. Recreation and wellness activities promote wholesome life styles and way. Institutional libraries contain a diverse array of fiction and nonfiction books, magazines, newspapers, and reference materials. Inmates also
A prison and a jail has many visitors coming in and out of it gates, from loved ones to friends wanting to see the well-being of the inmate. Before any visitors can view the inmate they must go through a series of searches to ensure contraband doesn’t enter. Many of the prisons don’t allow the general public to enter the building with a cellphone. They ask the public to leave there personal items in their car. Officers make the visitors walk thru a metal visual detector. To see if the individual has any contraband and concealed weapons. If the monitor is set off, the officer will be alerted and the person in question will be pulled aside and then the contraband wand will be used. They will procced then with a pat down by an officer to ensure they don’t have anything before there visit. If the weather is to cold outside the person will be moved to the indoor facility. You will be asked to remove your coat and it will be placed on a conveyer belt to inspect. Once you have pass those series of inspections you can procced to visit. Another form of technology is surveillance cameras to view the visitors and inmates during there entire visit. They monitor at all times for the safety of the visitor if an incident was to occur during there visit.
In this nation correctional system,more than one million men and women and young adults ( teens ) are living lives in confinement. They are there for many many reasons, for example: anger, drug abuse, robbery, murder. 15 million prisoners of a different sort are facing life or
With correctional facilities being a $37 billion market (Myser, 2006), it is difficult to determine whether the challenges of ex-offenders are being addressed, or if the oversight of needed resources is to continue this captive market. The reentry population consist of individuals who had contact with the criminal justice system, and are released on probation or parole; they are a systematic population that is growing steadily each year. The number of released ex-offenders is increasing in comparison to the number of individuals incarcerated yearly. A majority of ex-offenders return to their community, or a community, with hope to establish stability in order to avoid reincarceration. Though some correctional facilities offer activities and
Each inmate falls under a “category” when they become incarcerated into the prisons and jails. Those categories then allow these inmates fall under the special needs offender type label. Special needs offenders range from juveniles behind bars all the way to radicalization and terror-related inmates. Inmates of different religions fall under this category, the same as sex offenders, and seniors also does. Moving forward, the correction’s main goal is rehabilitation, therefore, their main priority is to address the needs of each inmate (who falls under a different special need) to make sure each inmate is getting rehabilitated. Today, I will focus on three types of special needs offenders and describe each one in depth – the juveniles behind bars, the gay and lesbian inmates and their sexuality and sexual correction behind bars, and then finish up with inmates under protective custody.
Imprisonment comes with many problems, from “transitional issues for inmates post-release” (Contardo, 2008) to financial impacts due to the rising costs of incarceration. For years prison workers and other professionals have been trying to find a way to reduce these effects. One of the ways they have found is through an education system within the prison. Many see giving those in prison a chance to partake in a form of education as a way to negate ‘prisonization’. Prisonization, according to Harer (1994) as quoted in Contardo (2008) is the “process by which prisoners become alienated from prison rules, staff, and the larger society”. A large contributor to the process of prisonization is Gesham Sykes theory of deprivation. During his study he found
This has detrimental effects, not only for the prisoner, but also for prison authorities in that a situation of "them" and "us" often develops. Behavioural treatment programmes can be the required motivation in an inmate's positive adjustment, both psychologically and sociologically, to the prison environment. * Although programmes should not be aimed at changing behaviour itself, a variable that can never really be evaluated, they may open a more positive dialogue between staff and prisoner, thereby establishing a sound foundation for the personal development of prisoners serving life
The method of using lethal injection to carry out the death penalty was first used on December 7, 1982 in Texas (“History”). Over the years, however, people began questioning whether or not the death penalty should be enforced. The question was whether the death penalty or life in prison is more beneficial, considering all of the factors that are involved. Both punishments have their advantages and disadvantages; cost being the biggest disadvantage in both sentences. The cost of a death penalty case is extremely high, including the trial, the drugs necessary for the injection, etc. On the other hand, the cost of the sentence of life imprisonment is also very high. It is very expensive to pay for someone’s necessities to live for the rest of
Education is so valuable and can never be taken away from you making you unique. Criminology is the scientific and interdisciplinary study of the nature, extent, causes, control, and prevention of criminal behavior in both the individual and society. Within the field of Criminology there are many problems and concerns that have yet to be attended to or fixed. In the United States there should be more education opportunities in prisons and correctional facilities.