With well over two million people incarcerated in the United States and countless more tied up within the criminal justice system, alternatives to incapacitation are needed now more than ever. Jails and prisons are feeling the strain on their resources due to overcrowding. This overcrowding has debilitated their ability to function as a place to serve out sentences and to rehabilitate inmates. Alternatives to incarceration could reduce prison populations as well as reduce economic costs. A few programs that have shown to be effective are probation and restorative justice. Probation in particular has allowed for individuals to be interactive with the community and has substantially reduced the prison and jail populations. Restorative justice …show more content…
Incapacitation in this country has not been able to offer proper health care for those suffering from mental illness. Therefore, the further expansion of mental health courts would provide a greater alternative to these kinds of individuals. Public shaming has also shown signs to be an effective alternative to incarceration. The broad use of social media sites has opened the door for public shaming because now images can be shared online. Public shaming is an alternative to incarceration because it is an act of specific deterrence, in that an individual would be deterred from committing the crime again due to being humiliated. Home confinement and electronic monitoring are another possible alternative to incarceration. Home confinement reduces the cost of housing the specific individual in state and federal prisons. Electronic monitoring would allow the offenders to work while they serve out their time which again, would reduce the prison populations. Boot camps are another option for alternatives to incarceration. However, mixed results have risen up pertaining to their effectiveness. All of these programs deserve to be considered when looking at alternatives to incarceration. Empirical research has shown that most of these programs will not only reduce the cost of punishment in this country, but will also reduce the prison populations by only imprisoning individuals who need to be put into
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In the article, Unwinding Mass Incarceration by Stefan Lobuglio and Anne Piehl, they argue that unwinding the mass incarceration “well neither be cheap nor easy, and to be done responsibly will require a new infrastructure of coordinated community-based facilities and services that can meet evidence-based incarceration needs while also ensuring public safety.” Hence, their argument is clean-cut with evidence in the article to back up their argument of unwinding the mass incarceration. Similarly, a solid fill of a concluding statement upon the unwinding of the mass incarceration as stated in the article, “requires much more than stopping current practices or reversing course by mass commutations and early release programs.” Subsequently, from this article, there are numerous interesting key points, and perspective of unwinding the mass incarceration.
In chapter 15 of Corrections in America, the author outlined the history of parole and compares and contrast parole and pardon. The author also describes the current status of parole in the United States and the prisoner reentry process. In addition, this chapter explains how parole is granted and the role of the parole board, how parole supervision is terminated, re entry courts, and the effectiveness of parole. Parole is a correctional option that often evokes feelings.
As a result, there have been numerous papers and researches that show ways in which this could come into actuality. Subsequently, I feel that these are the ones that will work the best. First, there could be the development of more initiatives programs. These programs can provide the judicial system and the government a decrease in the amount of money that is costing society to house, to take care of medically, to feed, and cloth prisoners, as well decrease in the amount of people who are going to prison for minor crimes. For example, like the initiative program
One possible alternative route to the prison system could be a boarding school type system where convicts are required to participate in an educational program that gives them the knowledge and ability to be released and given the needs to go make something better of the life they have been given. This system where they are required to participate in educational training would come along side a strict rule system that would encourage them to make the decision to choose something better. The debate is whether or not prison is beneficial or not for those who will be convicted, sentenced, and released. Whether we change the system or not there will always be crime and
The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for several reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime. This literature review will discuss the ineffectiveness of the United States’ criminal justice system and how mass incarceration of non-violent offenders, racial profiling, and a high rate of recidivism has become a problem.
The most important of which would be to improve inmates’ access to rehabilitation programs which would help them to properly reintegrate into society. In recent years, justice policy in Canada has become characterized by a “tough on crime” attitude, meaning more criminal offences and longer periods of incarceration. The result of this approach is a prison system not equipped to act as a place for rehabilitation that is nothing more than human warehouses for incarcerated inmates. This also contributes to prison overcrowding which causes a lack of resources for the provision of rehabilitative programs, which have been proven to be effective. Despite this, only 25% of Canadian prisoners participate in programs that target criminogenic needs.
Worsening the problem, as the increase in the incarceration of individuals continues, the sense of rehabilitation for inmates has been heavily reduced. This is not just by chance, but rather because the capitalistic private prison industry does not view incarcerated individuals as
The balanced and restorative approach provides a significant change in toles and image of the juvenile justice system from a revolving door to a resource. The resource makes juvenile offenders accountable and enhances the quality of life within communities by community restoration using preventive services to help improve the safety of the community. 2-Compare and contrast the different types of restorative justice (i.e., VOM, FGC, NRB, peacemaking/sentencing circles)
Thesis: It is very important for the sake of Americans tax dollars that we change the way that prisons are run and increase the productivity of inmates so when they are released from jail they are ready to be a productive member in society and have the confidence to achieve new goals. Introduction: Day after day, millions of inmates sit in jail doing nothing productive with their lives. We are paying to house inmates that may not even have a good reason to be there. For example, drug offenders are being kept with murderers and other violent offenders.
In todays society the increase of violence and crime has lead many people incarcerated causing many prison facility’s to be over crowded. Many prison facility’s are under staff and very low funded to help keep the security, safety, and medical needs of prisoners. According to an article “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie” by Peter Wagner and Bernadette Rabuy, every year more then 636,000 people leave prison, but there are over 11 million people entering into prison. In addition, many of these crimes that people committed are mostly drug, alcohol related, and non-violate offenses. In order to keep prisons from being over crowded, courts would have people with minor and non-violent offense be released on probation.
First, a prior offender who wants to be habilitated/rehabilitated, second there has to be a positive probation officer who works to try and help the probationer to the best of his or her abilities, and third, the community has to be involved in helping the probationer to reintegrate. The community has to show concern for corrections and assure that proper resources are being provided to probationers. Each of these three components are very important to the probation being effective and without any one of these three parts the likelihood of probation being successful is very low. Justice reinvestment is currently not focused on as much as it should be. If there was more focus on justice reinvestment, like there should be, we could target offenders’ needs and the areas that are lacking in habilitation/rehabilitation to assist prior offenders in habilitation or
These programs are cheaper than incarceration, and they can require the convict to pay part of the cost such as the substance abuse treatment. Convicts can continue working and caring for their families, which is very important. Prison space for violent criminals is freed up by keeping nonviolent and first time offenders in the community. The purpose for intermediate sanctions are used as another method of punishment to lower the pressure on probation departments and correction facilities.
There are some proven ways to lower the recidivism rate by properly preparing inmates for reentry. One of these ways is through educational or job training programs. The effectiveness of education programs cannot be refuted. One journal article states that “A recent U S Department of Justice report says that 'Prison-based education is the single most effective tool for lowering recidivism,’” (Esperian 2010).
Legislation would provide a framework for state and local implementation that includes protections for victims’ and offenders’ rights, parameters for programs, and guidance for incorporating restorative justice into existing criminal justice system. There are four different opportunities for introducing restorative justice into the existing criminal justice system: “(a) at the police level (pre-charge); (b) the prosecution level (post-charge but usually before trial) [;] (c) at the court level (either at the pre-trial or sentencing stages[)]; and (d) corrections (as an alternative to incarceration, as part of or in addition to, a non-custodial sentence, during incarceration, or upon release from prison[)].” An Oregon statute could provide a logistical outline for implementing restorative justice at all four points in the juvenile justice