The early beginnings of the British colonies as the United States of America led to the passing of laws and the development of precedents that have governed the American people to present day. Despite having declared their independence in 1776, the colonies did not truly get to exercise this freedom until General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown five years later and the British finally recognized their independence as free states. Since the Articles of Confederation and the Continental Congress were deemed ineffective, it was time for a new governing force- starting with the Constitutional Convention. Intellectual powerhouses and future political players such as George Washington, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton met and created the famous document we know today as the United States Constitution, which outlined the fundamental rights all citizens deserved and the basic structure of the government. In the following months, the judicial branch was created, Madison’s Bill of Rights was …show more content…
When he left office and returned to Mount Vernon, he delivered his farewell address in which he famously warned against the formation of political parties. Without Washington’s leadership to unite them, however, Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson immediately fractured the government into the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans, creating a major strain both in the government and between the North and the South. This strain would, of course, ultimately end in the Civil War. The two parties disagreed on nearly everything, most notably with the Federalists valuing big banks and a high tariff and the Democratic-Republicans fighting for the opposite. This tension reached its pre-Civil War peak during the Nullification Crisis of the 1820s-30s, when South Carolina nearly seceded forty years earlier than they historically did over tariff
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As tensions in Great Britain grew economically and politically, the American colony declared themselves an independent nation. Gaining their independence was significant, however, keeping it would be the challenge. The Americans knew a stable federal republic was essential to remaining independent, thus they created the Constitution. Although, the creation of the Constitution and the equality it ensues a controversial issue, the Constitution did not fulfil the job it was designed to do. The document did not establish a fair government.
Taking time to understand the formation of our country takes a lot of time, patience, and understanding as well as being willing to learn all of the different government systems. During this time, the thirteen colonies had a desire to be free from Great Britain due to taxation and other issue’s. In order to become free from Great Britain, the colonies had to sign a document which is known as the Article of Confederation. After the situation with Great Britain was solved, another problem had to be handled. One problem that the colonies had was making decisions with each other.
After the victory for independence, the United States was formed; however, it still needed to face with another challenge: building its own governance. Making a nation is much easier than sustaining it, so the process of creating the republic by the Framers is worthy to be mentioned. During the years from 1781 to 1789, the United States was ruled under a document called the Articles of Confederations. As the first Constitution of the United States, it led the leaders to gain independence and have a governmental experience for the future powerful nation. Although the Articles created a ruling gate for the Framers, it was barely possible to operate the nation effectively.
The Constitution created a strong national government, while at the same time limited the power of the national government in order to protect the rights of the people through states rights. In 1776 America won its independence from Great Britain. For several years the new nation was ruled over by the Articles of Confederation. However, the national government was weak, the military was weak, and there was massive debt. In 1787, delegates met during the summer writing a new Constitution.
Ratifying the Confederation Period Thanks to our victory in the Revolutionary War, America finally became an independent nation. Subsequently, we created our first official government, The Articles of Confederation. When Congress declared war on Britain in 1776, it also called out for a plan to help the states cooperate in the war effort. Franklin presented a plan of Confederation; in which Congress was given the power of planting new colonies when necessary, and implying control over the West.
Before the American Revolution, the British had appeared unstoppable. The thought that the colonies, who had existed completely at Britain’s will, could defeat them was astonishing. America gained their independence, despite the doubts. Without the tyranny of the British monarchy, the colonists had to establish a new government around the recently written Constitution. George Washington, one of the generals critical to the success of the revolution, was unanimously elected as the new leader.
Alexander Hamilton was a founding father of the United States, chief staff aide to George Washington, and one of the most influential interpreters of the U.S. Constitution. After the American Revolution, Hamilton believed it was necessary to eradicate the debt we owed, and to establish a nationally flowing currency to continue taking in revenue. Thomas Jefferson also believed the national debt should be eliminated. Jefferson, like Hamilton, was a founding father. He also wrote The Declaration of Independence, and was the third president of the United States.
When the United States first gained their independence from Britain they needed to create a strong government for their colonies. The United States created their first government called the Articles of Confederation. The Articles came with many problems like no power to tax, no power to enforce the law, or regulate commerce. 10 years after having a weak government, they believed that a new type of government need to be created in order to become a strong government. They came up with the Constitution.
Jefferson v. Hamilton There are many conflicts in the early years of the American politics. There are two famous political parties during the early years of American Independence, and their ideologies were completely opposite. Thomas Jefferson was the third American President from 1801-1809. Alexander Hamilton was the founder of Federalist party and President Washington elected him as a first secretary of the treasurer.
The American Revolution was symbolic of a breakaway from old ideals and a transition into a new form of government. After being burdened with the heavy taxes imposed by the tyrannical British monarchy, and faced with taxation without representation, the colonists broke off to institute a new set of rules. By asserting their independence from Great Britain, the colonists committed treason and fought for their land. With the Declaration of Independence, these colonies became known as the United States of America. Despite the military force of Britain, America was successful; the citizens established a republican democracy in which everyone’s ideas could be represented in government.
“All men are created equal” was a goal the Founding Fathers tried to achieve in forming the country. July 4, 1776, 56 delegated passed the Declaration of Independence to announce and explain separation from Great Britain. James Madison wrote the Constitution based off the ideas of the Enlightenment period, which had core ideas of personal liberty. The U.S. Constitution established America’s national government and fundamental laws and guaranteed certain basic rights for its citizens. The Constitution was signed on September 17, 1787, by delegates in Philadelphia and presided over by George Washington.
Around the year 1776, important Englishmen in the colonies discovered that they could use the development from creating a country, the United States of America, they could control the land, profits, and take the power from people in favor of the British Empire. In addition they could hold back potential rebellions and
America’s search for independence began after its colonial citizens became upset about the trade regulations and taxation imposed by the British Empire. They sought to be their own sovereign nation, separate from the monarchy headed by King George. The colonialist no longer felt they could prosper under the overbearing rule of one man or woman, so they began their fight for independence. Although the overall political struggle began in 1765, the American Revolutionary War began in 1775 and ended in 1783. Following the war and after the colonialists gained their hard earned independence, they wanted to create a governmental system that did not oppress its citizens, so they wrote the United States Constitution in 1787.
To the contrary, Hamilton believed that all the power should go to the federal government. Today in all elections, we have democratic beliefs and republican beliefs. It is discussed in (Document 4 ) that George Washington opposed the idea of different political parties because he thought two views would agitate the community, stir up riots, and start rebellions in our states. Therefore, Washington did not support the idea of two separate political beliefs. However, his beliefs were not accepted and instead different political parties were implemented and still exist today.
There was many differences between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson,they both had different ideas of how to run the country. Hamilton was a Federalist; he wanted the nation government to be strong , while Jefferson was a Democratic- Republic, he wanted the states to hold more power.(Competing Visions of Government: The Federalists vs. the Republicans) They both have different views in political issues and ideals for the country. Alexander Hamilton wanted a strong central government because he experienced the results of a weak central authority.(The Differences Between Hamilton & Jefferson's Views on Political Party Beliefs)On the other hand Thomas Jefferson wanted a weak central government because he thought that the threat of cruel