Jimmy Carter was the current president at the time in the United States. The Carter Administration was troubled by the recent invasion of Afghanistan by the Soviets because of their interest in the Persian Gulf. Carter addresses this issue in his 1980 State of the Union address by establishing the basis for his foreign policy on the issue. This investigation looks to examine the extent which Jimmy Carter’s Carter Doctrine contributes to the Soviet Afghanistan War in 1980. Jimmy Carter’s Carter Doctrine contributed to the Soviet Afghan through many means but, the only one with success was the funding of the Mujahedeen war effort.
Introduction Liberalism and Communism are two big conflicting ideologies. The spread of these ideologies even caused the Cold War in 1947-1991. The war is called Cold War because the war was not a physical war like World War I and II, but the war was done by spreading both ideologies to other countries. Liberalist countries were led by America, which was also called the West Block, and the followers’ countries were Western Europe and Japan. As for communism, it was held by the Eastern Block, the Soviet Union, and the followers’ were some countries in Eastern Europe, China, North Korea, and North Vietnam.
These new policies led to even further weakening of the Soviet Union, economically and politically and as a result there were revolutions against the communist governments of many of the Warsaw Pact alliance member (Doyle, 1996). By viewing NATO as an institution, it is clear that NATO was able to win the Cold War because it’s member states believed in achieving a common goal even if it meant giving up on their individual state needs or goals. While the member states of NATO
From the time that World War II ended in 1945 through 1991, The United States of America (USA) and its once World War II allie, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or the Soviet Union),were engaged in 46 years Cold War. The Cold War was not a fighting war, but a war of ideas (Capitalism versus Communism). In the Cold War the The United States of America was trying to contain communism while the Soviet Union was trying to spread communism. This all started with Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels who created a book called Das Kapital in 1867. The book talks about how capitalism would collapse and communism will take over.
The revisionists kept insisting on blaming the American expansionism rather than the Soviet Union’s wish to spread communism into Eastern Europe. There are two levels to the revisionist school of opinion. Level one revisionist historians continue to stress the significance of the individuals concerned in the Cold War. “These argue that after FDR’s death in April 1945, policies towards the Soviet Union became a lot harsher once Truman took office.” (Nye 118). Level two revisionist historians such as William A. Williams, stress on the nature of American capitalism rather than individuals.
The Cold War soon begins after the end of WW2 when Truman, the successor of Roosevelt became president in 1945 due to ideological differences between the two superpowers, United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War had a massive impact on US politics as could be seen through the creation of political consensus between the Republican and Democrats in relation to the policy of containment that includes the Marshall plan, the establishment of the NATO, the NSC-68 report and also the Truman Doctrine as the response of George Kennan’s containment theory, which caused US politics to be specifically targeted at the Soviet Union. While there are political consensus to contain Communism, the Cold War had primarily polarised politics when McCarthy
West Germany has been occupied by the Allies, and they turned it into their own zone. The Soviet took over the other sides which is East Germany and turned it into their zone. Due to that reason, there was an actual wall that divided Germany into completely two different types of governments. East Germany had a hard time, struggling to get it economy back on its feet. They literally did not have anything, a gloomy and an undeveloped city.
The Cold War period following the end of World War II saw tensions between superpowers the United States of America (USA) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) spread to other countries geographically far-removed from either power. This occurred through proxy wars, in which belligerents sharing their respective ideologies (of either Communism or Capitalism) were supported significantly by these superpowers and their allies. One such Cold War proxy war was the Angolan Civil War (1975-2002 (neither power still involved then, exclude? )), fought (mainly) between two local parties for control of Angola after the country had secured its independence from Portugal in 1974. The groups in question were the communist MPLA, supported by the USSR and Cuba, and the capitalist-sympathising UNITA which was supported by the USA and South Africa.
The Northern border of Lithuania would be the boundary of the spheres of influence between the two (Lynch 1990). In Nazi archives after 1945 evidence of secret protocols were found. Although the Soviets denounced the documents until the late 1980s they showed the division the Pact had created in Europe. Stalin received Eastern Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Finland and Bessarabia in Romania and Hitler
From the beginning, the alliance, which in theory was meant to confer equal status among the allies, was dominated by the United States. The military commander of the alliance has always been an American flag officer and the United States essentially dictated the major diplomatic and strategic decisions of the alliance. This is evident through the several NATO enlargements which were driven by the United States against the objections of other European allies and US interventions in European affairs, for example during the Suez Crisis, when the United States forced two of the largest nations in NATO to pull out of the conflict. However, the extensive control that the United States had did not prevent the other allies from pursuing strategies to reduce their dependence on the United States. In 1966, France withdrew all of its armed forces from the NATO command and requested that NATO forces leave the nation.