Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century. By analyzing different perspectives of the countries that are blamed for starting Cold War and the ideologies that were imposed in the other countries. Two different political systems led to further conflicts of the Cold War. The Soviet Union during the Cold War was a communist country. Stalin wanted to expand the spirit of communism in the world.
The spread of communist ideals was the main cause of The Cold War; the political and economical differences between the Soviet Union and the United States of America created high tension between such countries. As a capitalist country, United States wanted to promote democracy and free markets, while communist USSR wanted to make sure that the communist ideals spread all over the world. After World War II ended, the Soviets created a sphere of influence in which they established communist governments in several other countries. This angered and worried a lot the United States so they created the Containment policy and formed NATO to try to stop the spread of Communism. In return, the USSR formed the Warsaw Pact to formalize military relations with its allies and spread communism in third-world countries.
In his “Moscow and the Marshall Plan”, published in 1994, Geoffrey Roberts seems to have combined his research interests by writing about the origins of the Cold War and particularly the role of the USSR in it. To be more precise, he argues that the ideological shift within the Soviet Union after the World War II with the following misinterpretation of the U.S. foreign policy in general and the Marshall Plan in particular led to the USSR “embarking on its Cold War” (Roberts 1381; italics added); i.e. since “Soviet ideology, like any other, was more than a set of beliefs”, but “a language of political communication” (1382), it influenced the USSR’s reception of the Marshall Plan and led to the eventual estrangement of the two superpowers and, finally, to the Cold War. He also argues that prior to 1947 both sides – the USSR, as well as the USA – were trying to cooperate and coexist peacefully with each other (Roberts 1382).Thus, as well as Leffler, Roberts does not seem to believe in the inevitability of the Cold War proceeding only from the mutual exclusiveness of the USA’s and the USSR’s ideological natures from the very beginning. Yet, as already mentioned, the author claims that ideology was the main reason why the Soviet Union did eventually launch the conflict.
Germany had always been a divided country from the start of the Potstam meeting where that Berlin, the capital of Germany would be divided into four zones of occupation where the Allies (France, Britain and America) would occupy the Western Zones and the Soviets would occupy the Eastern zones. Whilst Russia’s aim was to cripple Germany, the other allies wanted to build it up into a strong country. It was due to this plan of Russia’s to cripple Germany that the Berlin blockade and airlift occurred. After Western Germany began to flourish in terms of economy the USSR decided to close all rail roads, canals and other forms of transport to Western Berlin in order to cripple them and 2.5 million people were cut off from food supplies. The result
In his textbook American Anthem: Reconstruction to Present, David Ayers states that the Cold War was a time of immense tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War brought new foreign policy decisions from the United States to combat the new perceived threat of the Soviet Union and communism. Among these was the policy of containment created by George F. Kennan (Ayers 819). The policy of containment was the idea that the United States should use military force and give economic aid to countries in order to strengthen them against the Soviet Union (Ayers 819). This idea would affect the decisions and policies of presidents for years to come.
From sustaining a regime to destroying the same, propaganda has always served as an important tool in governing people and manipulating their opinions and in manufacturing consent. Cold-war came to an end after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the period from the fall of the iron curtain till now is termed as the post-cold war era. Propaganda was at its peak and is explicit during the cold-war era, while the communists (USSR) focussed mainly on making their citizens believe in the communist ideology and in the concept of a ‘world-revolution’ the capitalists (USA) focussed mainly on making people afraid of the communists, or as they called it, the red scare. One of the major inventions that was made public after the cold-war is the internet which has reduced the effectiveness of propaganda by enabling and promoting individual networking in unprecedented levels, another important propaganda tool that has
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
The Cold War was the ideological, geopolitical and economic struggle between the two major superpowers at the time, the United States of America (USA) and the Soviet Union (USSR). The United States of America stood for capitalism whereas the Soviet Union stood for communism, each was regarded by the other as The Evil. The Cold War began in 1947 with the end of the Second World War and ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. These two superpowers never engaged directly in hot war as the both possessed nuclear weapons after 1949 and the concept of mutually assured destruction would become a reality if either side made any direct threats to the other. As a result, this war was fought in a series of proxy wars which is a war instigated by a major power which does not itself become involved, the Battle of Cuito Cuanavale is an prime example of this.
One of the main causes that had started the cold war was Europe , Britain and the Usa believed that some areas of europe were falling under communist control .Even though the two countries never really declared war on each other they did fight indirectly. The Cold War was a long time of fighting between some of the Western side of the country and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west side was led by the United States and the Eastern side was led by the Soviet Union. It started in 1945 and ended in 1989 . The Cold War had started just after World War II had ended in 1945 .
Cold War Legacies What were the main effects of the Cold War on the world and humanity? The cold war stemmed from a deep rivalry between superpowers America and the Soviet Union. Escalated by a lack of trust from each party and threats of nuclear warfare the cold war affected the security of the whole world and humanity. The main effects of the cold war are often seen as ‘legacies’ left by the war, and are most evident in international systems, politics, economics, warfare, and the failure of human rights. The cold war resulted in a change of international systems.