The Concept Of Self Esteem

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In the focus of the concept of self-esteem, which is one of the oldest concepts in the field of psychology due to being first used by William James in 1890. Self-esteem is defined as how worthy one feels, also known as self-worth, with the etymology of the term esteem from the French language estimer and Latin aestimare meaning ‘to estimate’ or ‘appraise’. James described the idea with a focus on the connection between the self-worth and the success of the individual in achieving their expected outcome which emphasized the importance between positivity and negativity in terms of feelings about oneself (Osborne, 2014). Even today in modern society, the term is viewed upon with great importance with a focus on how to increase an individual’s…show more content…
A group of studies conducted by Allen R. McConnel and Christina M. Brown (2011) found that, in addition to being more physically fit and less fearful, pet owners had a greater amount of self-esteem and also tended to be less preoccupied than those who did not own pets. An analysis between pet-owner relationships in the same study revealed that pets were viewed as family members to the owners with an equal amount of support as parents or siblings. Also revealed was that a dog can be considered a source of fulfillment of social needs and that a greater amount of benefits was gained when pets filled the social needs more effectively. The positive effects of pets were even further validated by the discovery that thinking about one’s pet has the equal chance as that of a best friend lessening the hurt felt by social rejection (McConnel & Brown, 2011). This study shows the benefits that owning a pet can bring to an individual, especially in terms of their emotional and overall psychological well-being. Likewise, psychology researchers from Israel and the United States discovered a correlation between a feeling of safety and security and the owning of a pet showing that the concept of attachment in human-pet relationships is important just as much as human-human relationships (Zilcha-Mano, Mikulincer, & Shaver, 2012). However, there can also be a connection with negativity as well as positivity as shown by an empathetic response to rejection and acceptance towards the pet. Psychologists Christina Brown, Aaron Shilling, Steven Young, and Laura Berrong (2014) discovered that there was a connection between social evaluations of a pet and the owner’s self esteem, with a negative pet-evaluation decreasing the amount of self-worth and a positive pet-evaluation increasing the feelings of the owner’s self-worth. These studies

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