The first method the Constitution protects against tyranny is Federalism. Federalism is the division of power between state and national government. In Document A it interprets that the governments will each have a portion of power and not be able to have all the power. This evidence helps explain why the Constitution guards against tyranny because Federalism will allow both governments to have limited powers. Another method the Constitution protects against tyranny is Separation of Powers.
The Primary objective of all leaders should be to control citizens. A society that allows authority to be challenged will never succeed. This source depicts an authoritarian or totalitarian view of what a governing body should look like. The author suggests that the primary objective of government should be the “control of the citizens”, and therefore that the individuals should entirely obey said government. This ideology is counter to that of liberalism as it infringes on the natural rights of its citizens, and it is undemocratic as this society would not have the consent of the governed as a whole.
During this period, the Anti-Federalists felt as though the aristocrats had no particular opinion about our future government, which alarmed the group. Because they saw aristocrats as overpowering the opinions of those who are not as noble. The writer states that he would rather be a free citizen of the Republic of Massachusetts than succumb to a great American Empire. The Federalist goes on to say that unless there is some security of the people 's liberties, the new Constitution will not be successful. The writer had full faith in the citizens of the United States to decide what was best for the future of the
The way he saw it, is that these systems were the best way of keeping government from becoming corrupt. He saw that the people who make the laws should be made up of a large group who can use their own experiences and wisdom to create laws that will better the government, so now there is Congress. He also saw that the there should be not many people with the power to enforce these laws so they feel personally responsible that the job will be done, so there is the president and the Cabinet. Finally, the power to interpret these laws should be given to jurists who act independently of the executive or legislative branches and cannot be fired by the President or Congress except through the process of impeachment, so there is the Supreme Court and all other courts. All of these ideas influenced James Madison, a federalist and future fourth president of the United states, who wrote the
The Ninth Amendment states, "The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people". This was meant to stop the government from being able to increase their power, and it was put in as a precautionary measure. When James Madison introduced this amendment, The Anti-Federalist's supported it because they feared having a strong government. The Anti-Federalist's were the ones whom of which demanded a Bill of Rights. They wanted to ensure that the government wouldn’t be another tyrannical one.
“...the constant aim is to divide and arrange the several offices in such a manner as that they may be a check on the other…[the three branches] should not be so far separated as to have no constitutional control over each other.” (James Madison, Federalist Paper #51, 1788). This quote by James Madison shows that the Constitution basically separates powers of each branch, and gives each the right to stop the other if they feel that something isn’t fair or equal without creating a ruler or making one branch the strongest. With the concept of checks and balances, the founding fathers were able to stop soft tyranny, and keep government in a balanced and equal
Thomas Jefferson was a Democratic-Republican. He strongly believed in a weak central government where the power was given to the states in order to preserve their rights and prevent a dictatorship. The best government in his opinion was the one that had the least input on people's decisions. Jefferson also had no intentions of expanding eastward. Rather, he believed that strengthening and expanding their borders at home should be the highest priority.
While the federalist and anti-federalist had opposing views in a functioning government system, some crucial points were agreed upon. They both knew in order for the United States to succeed as a new country, they needed better stability and a sense of unity between the colonies. The Articles of Confederation, on both sides, were thought of as a weak system of governmental control. A central government appealed to both sides, but as to how much power it would possess was still at a still point. Federalist wanted a strong central government, whereas anti-federalists were afraid of it seeming too much like the British monarchy.
This is called strict interpretation, defined as the literal meaning of the words in the Constitution. Republicans alike shared this view with Madison. In his speech to Congress opposing the National Bank, Madison made the point that, “Reviewing the constitution with an eye to these positions, it was not possible to discover in it the power to incorporate a Bank.” This quote demonstrates the devotion with which Madison upheld his beliefs; beliefs commonly shared with Republicans. For instance, founder of the Republican Party, Thomas Jefferson, upheld the belief of strict interpretation and similarly opposed the National Bank. Another point heavily endorsed by Republicans is the freedom of speech and
Primarily, individuals such as Andrew Hamilton and James Madison, Federalists, believed in a stronger central government whereas others such as Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry, Anti-Federalists, were for larger state government. Federalists were typically untrusting of citizens and the American people, and felt that the more educated individuals involved in government would govern. In contrast, individuals such as Henry and Jefferson believed that government was for the people, and should be given to the people to handle. In today’s standards, the Federalist views typically align with those of the Democratic platform while those with Anti-Federalist views align with those of the Republican