Digital Humanities: Information And Communication Technology

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Digital humanities

Abstract
The phrase “digital humanities” refers to a range of new media applications that converge at the intersection of technology and humanities arena. It is an evolving notion and conveys the role of information technologies in humanities arena. This paper interprets the Digital Humanities by eliciting the diverse perspectives. The digital humanities domain is interpreted through three lenses: digital media as facilitator of scholarly communication; digital media as a platform for creative expression and artistic endeavors and digital media as context for critical studies of digital culture. This paper concludes that, while technologies are being positioned as driving forces behind academic innovation, it is more important
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Some interpret digital humanities in a more specialized manner and characterize it as developing digital content and creating tools for collection–building, authoring, editing, and analyzing.
There are three general frames that can be used to understand the domain of digital humanities:
• Digital media as a facilitator of scholarly communication
• Digital media as a platform for creative expression and artistic endeavors
• Critical studies of digital culture
Frame 1: Digital media as a facilitator of scholarly communication
This frame positions information and Communication Technology (ICT) as an enabler of scholarly communication to support a range of processes depicted in Figure 1 in order to create, represent, organize, analyze and communicate scholarly content.. This frame represents initial conceptualization of ICTs as knowledge containers and conduits for enhancing teaching, learning, and research.

Figure 1: Scholarly communication
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Benefits of the Digital Humanities
There are a number of benefits of digital humanities in an information age. Reshaping humanities and arts information for distribution over electronic networks can provide many benefits:
• Enriching a sense of community through active participation in a networked environment.
• Improving the quality of teaching, and the learning of critical thinking, visual literacy, and analytical skills.
• Fostering intellectual and artistic collaborations that will result in new resources in the arts and humanities.
• Preserving the full complexities and quality of cultural information for the use of future generations while making it accessible to more people today.
Conclusion
"Digital humanities" is continually formulated by scholars and practitioners; they ask questions and demonstrate through projects and collaborations with others.
Methods
The automatic analysis of vast textual corpora has created the possibility for scholars to analyze millions of documents in multiple languages with very limited manual intervention. Key enabling technologies have been Parsing, Machine Translation, Topic categorization, Machine

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