The Great Impact of a Greater War
The Second World War was an extremely devastating conflict in human history, causing mayhem through both destruction and death. Its impacts on society were widespread, from The
Social Security Act of 1935 to the . World War Two ultimately had a widespread impact resulting in economic growth as well as political and societal reform that led to improved rights for countless United States citizens.
World War Two brought a heavy impact on the United States economy as the nation needed to mobilize resources in order to support their army in the war. The war led to the annihilation of public infrastructure, industries, homes, and formed a severe demand for resources that stretched the nation's economy to its limit. …show more content…
“The Truman Doctrine and containment”; par. 3). This plan had an important role in establishing the nation's relational bonds with the other powers in the postwar era. The creation of the United Nations, done to prevent the United States’s return to isolation through President
Roosevelt’s and Churchill’s efforts, lessened any political dissonance (Gopnik et al. “The new
US role in world affairs”; par 1). The country established itself as the leader of the free world because of the revealed military might and economic power (Digital History, par. 2).
The considerable changes left by World War Two also affected the nation's domestic politics, as even more policies and programs were put into place in order to promote national unity. The war forced the government to take an active role in handling the economy and keeping social welfare on an incline, in an attempt to bolster the war effort and retain public support for the conflict. The war also caused noteworthy changes in the United States’s civil rights movement, as African Americans and other minority groups seized the opportunity to protest and earned several changes, one example being the Executive Order 8820 which banned the …show more content…
Lastly, the nation's social norms were also altered heavily, particularly with respect to gender roles. The war led to a significant increase in women's participation in the workforce, as countless women took on jobs in factories and other industries to support the war effort which were originally seen as man-exclusive jobs (Gopnik et al. “Social Consequences of the War”; par. 1). Many worked in factories like Rosie the Riveter but 3,00,000 also took an occupation in the Red Cross and over 200,000 served in the Military (“Research Starters: Women in World War
II”, par. 1). This source also mentioned that women had an active role in the war with the formations of multiple auxiliary branches in the military such as the “Women’s Army Corps
(WAC), Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES), and Women Airforce
Service Pilots (WASP).” Even though they were not allowed on the front lines, the granting of more employment options for women brought them closer to complete liberation from sexism.
This heightened participation in the war effort questioned traditional gender roles
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Additionally, it ruined the economy. The most tragic and devastating time in history was referred to as this. During this time, the nation's entire economy crashed and burned. After the war, there was an overproduction of everything, which resulted in a drop in all prices, which led to an economy boom. With that boom came a huge crash as people used every opportunity to get cash quickly.(Document 11).
Shortly after the men started leaving to go into war women began to break away from their traditional house roles. Due to the men leaving for the war, the work force started to decrease. Women began to fill mens shoes in jobs such as bank clerks, ticket sellers, chauffeurs, elevator operators, etc. as a result. Labor Unions were adamant that women not work in the factories.
Women came out from every corner to support men fighting on the front line. Contributing to this, there had been a revolutionary mobilization in the workforce. Even disabled men did not hesitate to work for the great cause of the country. Hercules Powder Company encouraged men who were not able or allowed to deploy to aid in the war effort by working in munitions manufacturing. The women workforce relieved men for combat duties by taking over a variety of jobs in the maintenance of the planes.
Relations with China worsen and Armed forces were racially integrated. Military increase worldwide relations with Japan improved. Future presidents were able to send military into combat without World War II was a leading cause for the Civil rights Movement. African Americans were denied housing in neighborhoods and only offered low-paying jobs. The little Rock Nine weren’t allowed to enter the school.
The author develops the idea that World War Two created a positive change in the United states quite well. First, the author states that "The economy got a huge boost from all of this wartime production. Because of the increased employment opportunities, Americans who had been struggling since the Great Depression finally enjoyed a high standard of living again." Though that is a very long quote, it really does show how much the war had a positive impact on america. On the other hand, the author states that there were some poor effects that the war had on the country.
Socially, women were given more opportunities and roles in society as they took over jobs that were unoccupied due to men heading overseas to fight in the war. For women, there was an increased participation in the workforce, especially in industries previously dominated. This was due to the labour gap created from men leaving the workforce to fight on the front lines. People were initially hesitant to assign these jobs to women, but as the war progressed and
African Americans experienced increased opportunities during World War II. Although segregation and discrimination still existed, the war effort made it necessary for African Americans to be involved in the military and in factory work. This resulted in greater visibility and recognition of African Americans' contributions to the war effort and helped shift attitudes towards greater acceptance and integration after the
So, as seen in source 4, women were needed to work and contribute to the war effort. They were needed as teachers and taxi and bus drivers and a lot more types of jobs. Every job that men had left, the women needed to fill. This resulted in a change in the role of women. They were now able to do more, which impacted women’s rights and roles for the years during and after the war.
This era saw a decrease in segregation and protection against discrimination. “... Executive Order 8802, which banned discrimination in defense jobs and established a Fair Employment Practices Commission (FEPC) to monitor compliance. The black press hailed the order as a new Emancipation Proclamation” (Foner 878). The FEPC was momentous as it helped African Americans gain jobs and have equal opportunities.
Although these jobs created a sense of independence for women, as men came back they were quickly shifted back into their pre-war roles, more than 3 million women had to leave their wartime jobs. In short, there was a domestic change in women’s roles within society because Women had to shift from their traditional home roles to new wartime
Before WWI, women were restricted to traditionally feminine jobs. Their work was considered inferior and they were paid less than men. However, once WWI began, women were able to integrate themselves into a variety of different workforces. Since most men were off to serve in the military and navy, women that stayed behind replaced their positions in factories and other industries. Other women worked closely with the military as nurses or even soldiers.
In the book written by (Gavin, 1997) it was cited that “As women took over from their absent men in hundreds of new and challenging occupations, many of which had previously been considered inappropriate”. From the beginning of the World War 1, the German women were participating a great deal. They contributed to half a million-people working on the munitions manufacturing alone (Gavin, 1997). It also mentioned in the book that over in the U.S, the men in charge refused to let the women participate up until April 1917 (Gavin, 1997). The U.S government never formally authorize the enrolment of women, despite Army officials repeatedly asking for such personnel’s.
Not only were the women recruited into the old jobs vacated by the men, who had gone to fight in the war, but new jobs were also created as part of the war effort. The government’s attitude towards female employment at first was negative as they were reluctant to allow the women to do any jobs left by the men. This later changed, as the government began pushing forward the idea of employment of women through campaigns and recruitment drives. Working as railway guards and ticket collectors, buses and tram conductors, postal workers, police, firefighters and as bank tellers and clerks, women began to change the concept of what was before deemed as ‘men’s
Shortly after, WWII came around and it pulled the economy back up by providing jobs for people. Not only did it provide jobs, but it also changed the way people lived and the ideas of consumerism. People now had more money to spend on things they wanted, rather than barely being able to afford necessities. The transformation of American society after WWII can be seen through suburbanization, the GI Bill, the automobile, effects of consumerism on society
World War 2 and its Effect on American Society The 1930’s witnessed the rise of aggressive, totalitarian regimes. After World War 1, Germany became a fascist state under the leadership of Adolf Hitler, Mussolini started to gain political control of Italy, and Imperial Japan became ever more aggressive to its Asian neighbors. This was all leading up to a global conflict. With Germany invading Poland in 1939, the world was again in a state war.