A hegemon is “ a state that is so powerful that it dominates all other states in that system …[and]… no state has the military wherewithal to put up a serious fight”(Mearshimer, 2001). The coveted position of unchallenged dominance, brings hegemonic stability, the idea that a state actor that has achieved hegemony will help stabilize the rest of the states in that system. In such a system there are revisionist powers, such as Iraq, that will try and upset the balance in place. In turn, this causes the hegemon to intervene and in most cases in recent history, it has proved beneficial to the revisionist state says Rose (Rose, 2011). Rose argues that these interventions have been the work of a single hegemonic power (US), rather than that of international institutions, which in realist’s eyes, are simply the projection of the strongest state’s power.
Desert Storm, also known as The Gulf War, is one of the greatest victories in United States history. It consisted of two phases, Operation Desert Shield, and Operation Desert Storm. Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq, intended on conquering Kuwait and eventually pursue the takeover of Saudi Arabia. Had Iraq succeeded, it would have been in control of 20% of the world’s oil supply.
In 1972, North Vietnam attacked South Vietnam. South Vietnam forces struggled on their own until the United States issued aid through US airpower- once again, becoming further involved in the war. Fighting continued through the next few months but as more and more antiwar demonstrations took place by those waiting for Nixon’s plan to follow through, negotiations were made to officially pull the United States out of the war. In January of 1973, the Paris Peace Accords were signed and the United States was officially withdrawn from the war in Vietnam. The steady growth of anti-war protests throughout the Vietnam War showed the passion American people had for their country, as well as others, well being.
By late 1967, U.S. forces had dealt serious blows to the communists, but the fighting continued unabated. President Lyndon Johnson launched a public relations campaign emphasizing that progress was being made in order to bolster public support. In the midst of this campaign, the communists launched the massive Tet Offensive on the Tet (New Year) holiday in 1968. Although American and South Vietnamese forces prevailed, the shock and scope of the attacks stunned the American public and convinced a demoralized Johnson not to run for reelection. Richard Nixon was elected in 1968 largely because he promised to end the war and achieve "peace with honor."
It was a very emotion driven war, because the US were only fighting to preserve democracy. The US government wanted to prove to the Soviet Union that democracy wasn’t a dying government. The casualty toll was massive. Soldiers struggled to tell civilians and enemies apart, leading to such a high amount of deaths. 58,000 Americans died during the war, and even more civilian casualties.
As long as I can remember, I have been raised to believe that people that fit these so-called ‘terrorists’ description are bad people who support terrorism on America. “The 9/11 terrorists broke numerous laws of Islam and were denounced as mass murderers by Islamic religious leaders. Even so, Islam is viewed as a religion preaching violence.” This is isn’t surprising, since Americans know little about even the most basic tenets of Islam. Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, and Muslims make up more than one-fifth of the world’s population, but Americans continue to know little about the religion.
Islam, like Christianity was often spread with the use of force. The rise of Islam in the Arabian region began expanding towards Western Europe at a very rapid pace. The expansion of Islam was scarcely halted just before Charlemagne’s rule began. Had Charlemagne not been so passionate about his beliefs, and imposed those beliefs upon his empire, it is highly likely that Islam would have continued its domination into Western Europe. The survival of Christianity, why important, is only a portion of the good that came from Charlemagne’s rule.
Each religion created empires of varying sizes and strength that were bound by the socio-political idea of religion and conversion of the conquered (especially in the case of Christianity). In this light, Islam did not seal the end of Late Antiquity, but rather continued one of its most famous features: conquest and expansion using religion as a justification. The Islamic conquests, so often viewed as the ending of Late Antique era, fit precisely into this mold.
Saddam Hussein has been regarded for centuries as a lethal dictator that led Iraq into the despair and poverty we see today. However, despite his dictatorial methods of leading his country, Hussein accomplished some astonishing heights for his beloved country; heights that were destroyed by the American invasion in 2001. Now, it seems that the question on everyone’s lips is; “Was Iraq better before or after the American invasion?” Many would argue ‘after’ indefinitely, however, many Iraqi citizens are more inclined to believe that their country was better off under the rule of Saddam Hussein. Despite his predominately Ba’thist ideology and nationalist approach to leadership, Hussein never exploited his own people.
Tensions between America and Russia are starting to rise up again after a few years of peace compared to the past. Recent events have caused the tensions between the world powers to skyrocket. While relations have been strained for a while when President Trump ordered missile strikes on Syria this past April, in response to Syria using chemical weapons on their own people, relations became even more tense. Vladimir Putin and Russia are aiding the current leader in Syria. Once we hit syria with missiles Vladimir Putin 's office said that it was significant blow to their relationship with the United States while the Prime Minister of Russia said that this missile strike destroyed any relationships between the two countries (Baker).