The development of Fascist ideology cannot be considered independently of the political ambitions of the men who engineered it. Fascism was developed as the specific means that could bring about not only the overthrow of liberal democracy in Italy and the economic and political advancement of the Italian nation, but more importantly, the rise to political power of a certain group of people, who, once in power, revised their doctrine in ways to maintain the power of their regime. As Benito Mussolini, the founder of Fascism, fully admitted, ideas were only tools, and Fascism was the tool he used to service his ends of revolution in Italy and his personal rise to
Since Mussolini used his blackshirts who are Fascists to help make the event a reality, which shows him as a man with power. The March on Rome also helped the Facta government to resign, which helps to put Mussolini in the prime minister position. Another, significant reason is the activities of the Socialists and how they helped create a fear of Bolshevism, due to Mussolini using it to his advantage in a way to rise to
On the other hand, in October 1922, radical fascist forces led by Mussolini marched military in Rome to show their political and military power. In front of this extreme action and in front of the weak political government of the Italian Prime Minister De Facta, the king, Vittorio Emanuele III, agreed to give Mussolini the task to form a government in the belief that he would have respected the law and brought peace and order in the country (Kitchen 138). Since then, the radicalization of Mussolini government towards a totalitarian state has occurred through a succession of laws, sometimes called “fascist revolution”, that “involved the destruction of the Italian liberal state”, (Lee 138). For instance, from January 1925
Mussolini took up his political activities again following the war and criticized the Italian’s weakness at the Treaty of Versailles. Looking forward to boost the country’s power to what it had been in the past, he formed a single force from several right-wing groups, and then composed the Fascist Party in 1919. That movement supported nationalist sentiments, refusing the social class discrimination. At the time, the public
This caused great embarrassment for the country. Finally, Mussolini was overthrown and Italy withdrew its alliance from Germany. (Saunders, 2010). Italy has many institutions and monasteries dedicated to remembering the hard times of World War
After World World I, Italy was in a chaotic state of cultural, political, and economic change. The outcome of the Treaty of Versailles left the Italian people with many problems, which cause even more turmoil. An Italian born military leader named Benito Mussolini felt he needed to do something for his country, so in the year 1919 he introduced Fascism. Webster's dictionary defines fascism as “a political movement, or regime that stands for a centralized autocratic government lead by a dictatorial leader” (Webster,2017). While some people believe Mussolini’s “Fascist Movement” to be deficient”, I believe that through Mussolini’s rise to power and creation of the Fascist regime helped strengthen his desire to unify the Italian population.
He has also helped in increasing the economic activity of Piedmont (John Gooch,24). Furthermore, Cavour was the principal architect of Piedmont’s modernization (Waller 86). According to Waller, from 1852 until his death in 1861, Cavour was to dominate the politics of Piedmont and Italy. As Prime Minister in 1852 Cavour transformed Piedmont-Sardinia into a completely modern state (87). He persisted with the pragmatic liberalization of the economy which he had begun under d’Azeglio.
During the inter-war period (1919-1938), totalitarianism emerged in both Italy and Germany. Mussolini and Hitler rose to power in 1922 and 1933 respectively as the totalitarian leader of the state and had a total control in all aspects of life on their nation, dominating all the political, social and economic activities. (Cheung, 2011) However, with different factors, the totalitarian rule of Mussolini and that of Hitler exhibited both similarities and differences in different aspects. Horizontal comparison method would be used to compare and contrast the totalitarian rule of Mussolini and that of Hitler in terms of political, social, cultural, economic, and diplomatic aspects. The general direction of Mussolini’s totalitarian rule possessed
376) This description of Fascism indicates a government that is involved in the lives of its citizens to an extreme degree. By illustrating the government as a “powerful form of personality”, Mussolini alludes to the Fascist characteristic of organicism, where the state is seen as an organic whole being. Mussolini continues his
During the war, Albania functioned as an Italian protectorate and after the capitulation of Italy, it became occupied by German forces, hence, it was part of the Axis. However, after the war, the Communist party in Albania defeated the leading nationalist power in the country and established the People’s Republic of Albania, which was a Communist state led by the dictator Enver