Researchers using grounded theory technique must develop the required theoretical sensitivity to find out “substantive, grounded categories” (Glaser, 1978). This is an essential requirement in the course of going beyond description to conceptual theory (Guthrie 2000). Grounded theory enables to analyse relationships and attitude within a phenomenon from an impartial comprehensive viewpoint. Thus, when a researcher starts a study with no structure or theory, they are desired to fit the data into the way which are open to determining justification that have to be expressed. More significantly, the explanations finally come from the participants being studied.
In a phenomenological design, researchers may clarify patient responses received by the participant with both oral and written responses (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2014, p. 114). After the participants’ information is collected, it is important to read the data collected to get a better understanding of the participant. The participants’ data is then organized and meanings are formulated. The data collected is then evaluated and themes are validated by each participant individually to verify the interpretations made by the researcher (LoBiondo-Wood & Haber, 2014, p. 114). After the data analysis has occurred, it is important to meet with the participant again for their opinions on the interpretation of the
Motivational Interviewing is a patient centred approach which strengthens the patient’s motivation for and movement toward a specific goal by exploring and resolving ambivalence (Hettema et al. 2005). In the scenario in my digital recording, for example: the patient’s goal is to cut down/stopping drinking alcohol. A Nurse’s empathic and collaborative approach to this conversation technique supports the eliciting and discovering of the patient’s personal reasons to change (Miller & Rollnick, 2012). Four guiding principles (R.U.L.E) were devised in order for effective Motivational Interviewing to occur; resist the righting reflex, understand and explore patient’s own motivations, listen with empathy and empower patient providing hope and encouragement
The data collected through observation and interview methodology is quite valid and reliable (Walsh & Wigens 2003). Both of these methodologies also assisted me in studying about the beliefs, attitudes and behaviour of NAB’s team leader in concern to his position and organization. Both the techniques are effective and inexpensive way of collecting information and finding facts. The subjectivity and biasness is not there with these methods. Section 3 –
According to Charmaz, methods broaden and expand our vision about the worldview of the studied group thereby deepening what we study and what we gather from it (Charmaz 2014). Grounded Theory methods help us view issues from our participant's point of view. Constructivist grounded theory designs allows the research to get into the unknown. (Charmaz 2014). Data for this study will be gathered through interviews with a purposive sample of participants with older Igbo people, their carers and children.
It provides resourceful data which provides the researcher with concrete fabric to construct a more detailed analysis of the data aiding the researcher to have in-depth respondent’s social life However just as any approach, grounded theory weakness and these are discussed below, Researchers most times become inundated at the coding, as open coding is a time consuming and laborious process. The process of encompassing and abstracting of concepts is not an easy task. Grounded theory limits generalizability, Generalization is regarded controversial and complicated because the main goal of qualitative research is to provide credible and contextualized understanding of the human experience. High Potential for Methodological Error, there are high chances that researchers may blur methodological lines by selecting purposeful instead of theoretical sampling and this has led to lack of conceptual
In addition, as cited in Wragg and Brown’s book (2001), Turney et al (1973) lists twelve function of questioning but the most common ones are to check knowledge and understanding, to diagnosing students difficulties, and to recall of facts. Teachers’ questions are important to help students in learning process. Thus, teacher cannot just ask random question or any question. In order to help students through questioning, it is important for teachers to use question effectively. “One obvious purpose of effective questioning is to minimize teachers’ and students’ errors by focusing on a particular fact, issue, skill, belief, or whatever” ( Wragg & Brown, 2001, p.27).
The purpose of the interview is to help better understand the strengths and challenges to this person with special needs and their families. In this session, the interview is conducted on face-to-face, this is because this kind of interaction enables one to know a lot to include understanding the emotions of these particular individuals. An adult is chosen for this session because there will be more learning as he has probably endured a lot in their lifetime, but above all overcomes all the challenges faced in every phase of his life. The basis of this is learning
The training includes some general interviewing techniques, tips on gaining respondents’ cooperation, common scenarios and ways to handle such crisis etc. The main purpose of the interviewer training is to ensure that interviewers remain objective and ethical throughout the interview and the data collected is of quality. For example, interviewers are not allowed to prompt the respondents with their own assumptions of the questions as this may sway the thoughts of the respondents, resulting in a fault in the result. To ensure objectivity in the data result, interviewers have to take precaution in the way the interview is being
As a method it differs from the others for the possibilities that offers and for its own structure. This kind of approach has as strength points: the use of implementation of open questions in a pre-existing structure and as not entirely planned procedure, it leaves room for the possibility to ask new questions that are recalled from the information given from the interviewed. The information is therefore used as suggestion for the interviewer whom can gather a larger amount and related knowledge. The interviewed is left free to talk after an informal question which is used to allow him to express and therefore contribute with his past experience and own