After the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., three kingdoms emerged from the empire: Antigonids in Macedonia, Seleucid in the Near East, and the Ptolemaic in Egypt. These three kingdoms marked the Hellenistic Age and the cosmopolitan culture that was different from the classical Greek traditions. The domestic trade routes between each respective regions were initially pushed by the kings in order to create a self-sufficient country instead of solely depending on international trade with other nations. This allowed for a rapid movement of culture to a society that quickly began to regard the accumulation of the cosmopolitan view of the world as important; duly, this created a wide expanse of interest and accessibility to the idea of learning. The increased prosperity from the open trade created a new era of homogenized culture between the kingdoms.
The city was built where it had access to the riches of the seas but also was easily protected. The government of Carthage was similar to Rome 's. It has two chief magistrates that were akin to the Roman consuls, a council of elders that was comparable to Rome 's senate, and a people 's assembly that was like the Roman comitia (Morey, 1901). Despite these similarities, Carthage 's government was an aristocracy, something which Rome was fighting to rid itself of. Starting with the Magonid dynasty in 550 BC, Carthage 's government appeared to be ruled by a tyrant (Roman-empire.net, n.d.).
Under Minos’ rule, Knossos flourished through maritime trade as well as overland commerce with the other great cities of Crete, Kato Sakro (Phaestos) and Mallia. Knossos was destroyed and re-built at least twice. The first palace identified in modern times was built c. 1900 BCE on the ruins of a much older settlement. Based upon excavations done at the site, the first palace seems to have been massive in size with very thick walls. Ancient pottery found throughout Crete, at various sites, indicate that the island was not unified under a central culture at this time and so the walls of the palace were most likely constructed to their size and thickness for defensive purposes.
They did this by striving to improve the economic and political situation. By winning independence from Spain, many creoles thought that they could achieve power over Latin America. The Peninsulares who were all-Spanish were hated by the Creoles. The Peninsulares “monopolized all administrative positions(Doc B)”, making it impossible for the Creoles to rule the country that they were born in. The Creoles felt that they were the best fit for
The breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statue of Athena adorned in gold. The Parthenon was built was that the leader at the time, Pericles. Pericles wanted to show the power and wealth of Athens. In
To further affect the empire, European powers chose an Ottoman strength and turned it into a weak point. Europeans monopolized trade with India and China and set high prices of goods sold in the empire, which greatly affected Ottoman trade and caused inflation in their economy. Moreover, the British, French, and Greek forces combined and were ready to fully take control over Thrace and Constantinople. The location of Constantinople was very significant to the Ottoman trade. In addition, Constantinople was very important to the Europeans as it was such a strong and important city during the Roman Empire.
In Document A it shows the routes of the trade it expands to west Africa, Europe and Southeast Asia exchanging goods and information. Mecca was connected to many global routes. In Document A three cities that are easy to reach by trade routes from Mecca are Yemen, Petra and Muscat. Mecca had South to North points for trade routes. In Document A it shows the Mecca was the trade center because it was the crossroads of the lucrative caravan trade.
The Similarities between Mesopotamia and Greek Inventions. As civilization as developed through time, many inventions have emerged and has caught the world’s attention, two if the most interesting, being the inventions of the Ancient Mesopotamia and Greek. Based on the history of Ancient Greek, Ancient Greek civilization began in the 8th century B.C and has been traced back to Stone Age hunters. While the Ancient Mesopotamia is a land between two rivers which are the Tigris and Euphrates River, and it was believed to have been in effect in the 7th century AD. Furthermore, as far as art is concerned, we find that the Mesopotamians were involved in great structures and architecture, while the Greeks were more involved in creating smaller pieces
The biggest Pericles achievement was construction of Acropolis. Acropolis is also named as upper-city or city-weight. It was instigated building project in 447 BC in Athens. Two famous monuments were constructed on Acropolis, and there were Parthenon and Propylaea. Parthenon was huge marble temple of Athens, and Propylaea was a mammoth gate building.
Later on we learn about what life was like for the people of Troy and Greece and learn what caused the start of the war. One of the main causes of the war was the kidnapping of Helen of Troy. This likely caused Greece to want to defeat and conquer Troy. Strauss also gives us insight into the variety of different weapons and armory that was used to protect both sides. Since this took place during the Bronze Age some of the armory used included bronze breastplates, arrowheads, and chariots.
are a lasting contribution of The Ten Commandments. Moving on, Persian civilization became significant when one of the Persian kings, Cyrus II, began conquest of the Asia Minor in 550 B.C. Years later, the Persian Empire becomes an immensely dominant and powerful civilization due to its conquests. One of the achievements of the Persians was maintaining a vast empire which would require a vast
They influenced many cities with their arches, ramps, columns and pyramid shaped ziggurat (Document 1). They also developed the world 's first known form of writing called cuneiform. They used clay tablets to write on (Document 1). Uruk is one of the most important cities in Ancient Mesopotamia. The reason for this is because, the origin of writing originated here.
The trade system relied on key trading centers, such as Aksum (present-day Ethiopia), “Aksum reached its height between 325 and 360” (Doc 1). Aksum was valuable due to its location, which was near the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea. Cooperation played a major role in the trade, as all the empires needed goods and wealth. A good example is Ghana, “The Arab traders of
9. Ai Khanoum Fact: Ai Khanoum, now modern Afghanistan, was a garrison town of the Bactrian Empire that lay along the Oxus River. Contrary to other Hellenistic cities, Ai Khonoum had avoided mass destruction, and it must have served as an administrative center in the Bactrian Empire. Ai Khanoum included Greek architecture, such as a palace, a theater, and temples with marble columns. Significance: During the time of the great expansion of Hellenistic ideals, Ai Khanoum exemplifies on of the many culturally diffused hybrids of Greek and Indian Culture.
Where Asia or more specifically the Chinese had an abundance in resources and a vast network of merchants, the structures which secured their society faltered in the face of adversity. Abu-Lughod’s central premise runs counter to the popular idea of Europeans becoming the de facto world power by the age of colonization or the sixteenth century, where it . The overarching historical themes in Abu-Lughod’s Before European Hegemony are the prevalence of economic trade, the culture and society which existed within these nations, and the events which shifted the necessary influence to tip the balance of power in favor of Europe’s nations. The theme of trade being the cornerstone of the then sovereign powers is discussed and detailed by Abu-Lughod, often citing instances of where it became absent or or less maintained being the signs of weakened and vulnerable nation. The trading which occurred within the Middle East often offered several connections to Asia, with many routes allowing for the region to experience economic prosperity equal to that of Europe and Asia.