The Phoenicians and Hebrews both played a big part in shaping the development of world history. First off, the Phoenicians were the ones who developed the Phonetic alphabet; the same model of alphabet that we still use to this day. Not only was it used for English, but other languages adopted it as well. The Greeks modified the Phoenicians alphabet for their language, the Romans based off of the Greeks, and our English is the same script that the Romans used. They also introduced the growing of grapes to many new places in the Mediterranean, which became a large part of the culture there. The Phoenicians were the ones who developed the prosperous commercial centers of Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos, which are essential trading
Minoan art frequently shows peaceful scenes of floral or marine subject matter, while the art of the Mycenaeans celebrates things such as chariots and combat. Mycenaeans wrote in the deciphered form known as Linear B, and the Minoans wrote in the still unbroken script, Linear A. Both cultures are able to developed sophisticated architecture. The two cultures are both into building palaces. The Mycenaeans were more 'playful, ' more 'daring ' in their construction techniques seeking news way to carry the load of walls & roofs, while the Minoans stayed true to techniques that worked and stuck with them. Minoans favored large open courtyards while the Mycenaeans preffered an interior great hall.
The Mediterranean Sea caused the Romans to spread out the army and guard more than one territory. They had to spread the army out evenly because of the range. If one territory got attacked, even though roads were built for the traveling ease of the men, they still could not be at the attack very quickly. Because of the location, a variety of cultures would have promoted trade. The Mediterranean Sea was the main sea to navigate for trade. There was no way of getting to Rome and many communities without traveling through the Mediterranean.
surrounded by mountains, cutting off most of the interaction between the city states of Greece. The isolation caused a
The Greeks, like many other civilisations, “learned and borrowed from their predecessors” , using the architecture of the past to shape their own built environment, including their temple architecture. The form of Greek temples was influenced by the use of columns in imposing Egyptian temples, and indeed also shaped by other cultures architecture, for "the great "barbarian" lesson was monumentality, the power of an architecture of public scale built of cut stone" . There was lots of experimentation in the design of Greek temples, but as time passed, several common features became standard. Temples built by the Greeks generally take a similar form to that of the Megaron: a central cella or naos, with a portico outside, supported by columns. In general,
Before the rise of the classical Greek culture, it is known that two related civilizations preceded Hellenic Greece: the Minoan and Mycenaean (was also known as the early Aegean civilizations). The Minoan or Cretan were the oldest non-Greek civilization that had an influence on mainland Greece. The Minoan society lasted about 1,350 years, from 2600-1250 B.C., and reached its peak during the period from 1700 to 1450 B.C. The center of Minoan civilization had brilliant palaces as evident by the kings wealth and power. Inside the palaces, there were workshops that produced daggers, pottery, and decorated silver vessels. The Minoan’s were also a peaceful civilization, and had no defensive walls to protect themselves. Because they had no fortifications,
In 1923, the Lausanne Treaty was signed between Greece and Turkey, agreeing to a population exchange between their countries. The treaty stated that the Muslims living in Greece would be sent to Turkey, and the Orthodox Christians in Turkey would be sent to Greece. This large-scale exchange of about 1.6 million people was a massive undertaking, and greatly affected each country. The Greek-Turkish population exchange had an overall positive effect on Greece’s economy, politics, and society, while it had an overall negative effect on Turkey’s economy, politics, and society.
as early as sixth century B.C. have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia”.
Many different trade routes can be found throughout history, but three of the most important lie in one area- Eurasia. The Silk Road, Mediterranean Sea, and Indian Ocean are all huge contributors to the world we know today. They linked the areas of China, Italy, and everywhere inbetween. From 600-1450 CE, many continuities and changes occurred in Eurasia’s trade networks. The continuities like products exchanged, reason for trade, and ideas did not directly affect the changes that occurred like disease, control, and technologies.
Today I met the Phoenicians, the most powerful traders along the Mediterranean. The Phoenicians are remarkable shipbuilders and seafarers. They are the first Mediterranean people to venture beyond the Strait of Gibraltar. The Phoenicians’ most important city states in the eastern Mediterranean are Sydon, Tyre, and Byblos. They built colonies along the coasts of Sicily, Sardinia, and Spain and the northern coast of Africa. The greatest Phoenicians colony is at Carthage in North Africa. All colonies are around thirty miles separated, about the distance a Phoenician ship could go in one day. The Phoenicians exchange merchandise they got from different terrains, for
First, Atlantis was depicted as being an extremely advanced, naval, militaristic civilization, which frequently feuded with the Egyptians and the Greeks. The Minoans were well known as being a naval power as they controlled and lived in a central island in the middle of the Mediterranean. In addition to their strategic location, they also were very advanced carpenters and ship builders. In addition to matching the aquatic aspect of the description, they were also advanced in many other ways. For example, the Minoans were the first Mediterranean country to use a written language that was called Linear A. Additionally, they were also the first to make paved roads (“Fall of the Minoans"). Furthermore, the Minoans were also known be a militaristic country that was known to have had dealings with both the Egyptians and the other countries along the northern coast of the Mediterranean. This clearly shows the unmistakably cultural similarities between the two
Doukenie Babayanie Bacos born on December 18, 1904, a Greek but Turkish subject, immigrated from Thrace, now Kirk Klisse, Turkey, in December 22,1919 when she was fifteen years old on King Alexander from Piraeus, Greece and reached America on January 5, 1921.
He mentioned that Crete was different from contemporaries. His background influenced his arguments and led to misinterpretation but interestingly his arguments accepted universally. He thought that Minoan civilizations was one of the cornerstone of the European civilizations and he tried to connect Europe with Crete by the material culture. For instance, he emphasized the writing of Crete that Linear B was similar kind of script with Europeans’ and he said the tablets from Assyria and Babylon were written with cuneiform writing and this showed the links between Crete and Europe. He mentioned that Minoan civilization different from contemporaries in the eastern Mediterranean. So he used the palace-temple argument to differentiate Minoans from others. As Farnoux said he created different kind of kingship for Minoans. He always underlined the uniqueness of Crete and so he tried to impose the superiority of Europe over eastern Mediterranean using Crete because of the Orientalist idea of Europe in the 19th century. He mentioned that the civilization of Crete was far away from the influences of other civilizations. He said Crete was insular island but not isolated so Minoans transformed some importation goods to something new. Crete had links with Anatolia, Egypt and Cycladic islands via trade so Minoans affected by other civilizations especially in terms of religion. Evans said they had close link with Anatolia and both had the Mother
The earlier Aegean cultures began around 3000 b.c.e. The first culture called the Cycladic culture. The Cycladic culture was centered on a group of small islands in the Aegean. Researchers do not really know anything about the people who made the art found from the Cycladic culture. A popular piece of artwork found from this culture were nude female figures. These figures were simplified resemblances of the female body that contained abstract and geometric lines, shapes, and projections. The Statuette of a Women which can be found in The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York was just over two feet tall. However, some of their sculptures were life size. These sculptures were made of marble and found around burials. Because of the location the sculptures were found, it has been inferred that the figures were used for rituals and related or a fertility or female deity. I found these figures to be very different from the previous sculptures I learned about like the Female Figure from
3rd millennium BC. Having contributing to the Classical Era popularly known as Classical Antiquity which