“At this rate, we would expect nearly one ton of plastic for every three tons of fish in our oceans by 2025,” says Nicholas Mallos, director of Ocean Conservancy marine debris program. Ocean pollution is a very evident problem. There are two types of pollution, nonpoint source pollution, and point source pollution. Nonpoint source pollution is pollution that is a result of runoff, which comes from smaller sources and point source pollution is pollution coming from a single source, such as an oil spill. Point source pollution has a larger impact on the ocean compared to nonpoint source pollution but thankfully it occurs less. The ocean covers more than 70% of the earth 's surface and the Atlantic ocean is the second largest ocean following the …show more content…
Dead zones are oceanic areas where there is a depletion of oxygen levels and often have no living organisms. In fact, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) “ The second largest dead zone in the world is located in the U.S., in the northern Gulf of Mexico” (US Department of Commerce, National O...). They are caused by pollutants such as oil and fertilizers which can cause an overgrowth of algae. The overgrowth of algae blocks sunlight from the plants underwater, disrupting the photosynthesis process. As a result, the food chain is disrupted because the producers at the bottom of the food chain cannot produce because sunlight is blocked, leading the primary consumers without a source of food. This may even lead to primary consumers to eat plastic. Also, research shows that fish cannot detect these dead zones so once they enter them they most likely will not get out. In addition to this, contaminated fish and marine life humans consume can contribute to diseases and problems within the human body. Exposition to chemicals such as chemicals in plastic bottles and pesticides can cause hormonal problems, reproductive problems, nervous system damage and kidney damage. Also according to Planet Aid “Bacteria turn metals into its most toxic form which is then absorbed …show more content…
In order to stop ocean pollution and the negative effects associated with it, we must initiate and implement change! We need to stop polluting ourselves! It is necessary to implement change because pollution affects the environment and the people. Ocean pollution can cause a disruption in the food chain due to the consummation of contaminated animals, a decreasing amount of marine life due to waste, an increase in dead zones, and lastly a rise in diseases. Ocean pollution is a man-made problem and most manmade problems have man-made solutions. Finding a solution to ocean pollution should be a goal of anyone on
Gr3 Unit 2 Learning Plan A Strange Place to Call Home: The World’s Most Dangerous Habitats and the Animals that Call Them Home by Marilyn Singer A Symphony of Whales by Steve Schuch "A Friend to the Rain forest" (Reading A-Z ) "Deep in the Ocean" (Reading A-Z) "The Hot Desert" (Reading A-Z) "Rain Forest Destruction" Video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQ6uP1HemkI (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. "Ocean Pollution-
Ocean Pollution DBQ Did you know that every year, eight million metric tons of plastic is dumped or somehow ends up in the ocean (Doc. 1)? The following sentences will talk about what people are doing to pollute the oceans and how they are making the pollution better. Humans are the biggest threat to animals in the ocean because they litter so much (OI). Sometimes, people litter without even knowing they're littering.
The effect of agricultural runoff in the Chesapeake Bay watershed It is almost impossible to turn on the news without hearing about the turmoil of pollution, and how it is negatively affecting life worldwide. But have you stopped to think about how pollution is directly affecting your daily lives? Water is the heartbeat of all life, and without it nothing could thrive. Odds are, if you live within the northern mid-atlantic you get some or all of your water from the Chesapeake Bay, or one of its watersheds. Years of agricultural runoff from large industrial farms has lead to contamination of the Bay, endangering not only the lives of the wildlife, but also our own.
This is ruining the habitats of the marine life and contaminating the water. The fault of this lies on everyone on Earth. 75% of people admitted that they littered in the past 5 years. There is even a garbage island floating in our ocean, mostly comprised of plastics.
And there is a serious question that needs to be addressed. What effects has pollution had on our society and what is being done to prevent it from spreading further? Who? There are many people and things that are involved in the problem of pollution.
First, excessive household waste contributes to several of the environmental problems that we are facing today. McKibben writes, “More than 46,000 pieces of plastic debris float on each square mile of ocean. ”(334). The decline in the water quality of our oceans is a real epidemic. According to EcoWatch, about one million seabirds and one hundred thousand marine mammals die every year from the plastic debris floating in our oceans.
This cost for turtle a life, as plastic causes a blockage within digestive system. But this is only the beginning. Spots made of plastic cover for Sunlight cannot penetrate through plastic garbage into the water, algae and plankton, which is the bottom of the food chain, may simply die out. The situation can quickly turn into a global crisis. If it becomes less plankton, it means that fish and turtles will have nothing to eat, and if they begin to disappear, then the number of predators such as sharks and whales, also will be reduced.
According to a Biological Diversity website (https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/ocean_plastics/), the author states that “Thousands of seabirds and sea turtles, seals and other marine mammals are killed each year after ingesting plastic.” People keep littering and that littering is killing precious marine life. The level of
About 71 percent of our planet Earth is covered by water, and the majority comes from the oceans (about 96.5 percent of all Earth’s water). It remains as the most expansive, diverse, and mysterious places on planet Earth. But it is being threatened by the pollution by people and nature itself. By polluting the habitat of marine organism will indirectly affect the ecosystem of the marine life. Marine life is dying and as the result the oceanic ecosystem is threatened.
“ Natural gas industry has been identified as a major source of water pollution “ ( source 1 ). This quote from source 1 explains how out of all the ways of polluting the oceans, oil is always one of the worst. “ 8 million metric tons of plastic trash enters the sea from land every year “ ( source 4 ). This quote from source number 4 explains how every year tons and tons of plastic from land, gets into the oceans and continues to pollute. Garbage is polluting the oceans so much that the water is getting so bad, people are getting ill from drinking
Plastic pollution in the ocean Introduction Rachel L. Carson said in her book “Water, soil, and the earth´s green mantle of plants make up the world that supports the animal life of the earth” (63). In other words, our planet was always a place which was dominated by nature and it had essential relations between plants and other plants and between plants and other animals (Carson, 1962). Since the modern human started to conquer the world a lot of things have changed and technology has taken over. My essay is about a quite new but very big problem which affects our wonderful planet; it is about plastic in the ocean.
It is impossible to give an accurate estimation of the amount of plastic that is being polluted into the ocean. However, in 1975 the global fishing fleet alone dumped approximately 135 400 tons of plastic fishing gear and 23 600 tons of synthetic packaging materials
Marine pollution such as presence of organic matter in the ocean can result in the condition known as hypoxia or oxygen depletion and this can have adverse effect on the marine life including plant and animals and fish. Death of these fish can result in loss of millions of US dollars that are generate from the fishing industry. Marine pollution can also result in presence of foul smell resulting from the decomposing sewage being directed to the ocean and this has the effects to hinder recreational activities taking place in the sea as well as cause discomfort and breathing problem to the surrounding population (Laura, 11).marine pollution can also result in danger to human health. The human swimmers and water sport lovers can become endangered by swimming in the polluted marine waters (Laura,
Aquatic littering can be further categorized into two main sources, namely, land-based sources and marine-based sources. Land-based sources that pollute the marine environment include local drainage systems, fleeting streams and sewage drainage. Industrial, agricultural and domestic activities also play a vital role in causing marine pollution.
Individuals must be taught on the terrible impact that can be happened upon us because of the water pollution. They must be instructed how to conflict with and how to lessen the pollution. The researcher can make some exploration on this about how to diminish the rate or how to purge more water than some time recently. It will be qualified to decontaminate the water as we can 't stop the industries. The legislature of each nation needs to approach also.