Chemicals from industries and agricultural sites can run-off into the ocean. When the toxic chemicals from this and sewage get into the ocean’s ecosystem; it leads to reduction in oxygen levels, decay of oceanic plant life, and severe decline of the quality of the sea water. Toxic chemicals that get into the ocean raise the temperature drastically, this is known as thermal pollution. Marine animals that cannot survive in these higher temperatures will eventually
Specifically, 80% of the pollution that’s in the ocean, is because of us. According to “The Oceans Are Drowning in Plastic - And No One is Paying Attention,” Jenna Jambeck said that if something is not done, the plastic in the ocean will double by 2025. 19 billion pounds of trash get dumped into the ocean each year! But out of all that garbage, plastic is the number one trash that is found in the ocean. Humans, we might not realize it, but, from our horrible actions, we have infected our waters with tons of trash.
Materials such as these are not only toxic and harmful, but accumulate in the environment, also these materials are not biodegradable (ibid). Thus, increasing the rates of deadly diseases such as, cancers, physical birth defects, and now other health problems are being observed (ibid). The accumulation of these atrocious materials causes a worrisome in the biodiversity of the environment. There are many more contributions to ocean pollution that many people don 't know
Marine pollution such as presence of organic matter in the ocean can result in the condition known as hypoxia or oxygen depletion and this can have adverse effect on the marine life including plant and animals and fish. Death of these fish can result in loss of millions of US dollars that are generate from the fishing industry. Marine pollution can also result in presence of foul smell resulting from the decomposing sewage being directed to the ocean and this has the effects to hinder recreational activities taking place in the sea as well as cause discomfort and breathing problem to the surrounding population (Laura, 11).marine pollution can also result in danger to human health. The human swimmers and water sport lovers can become endangered by swimming in the polluted marine waters (Laura,
It is also ruining the amazing marine biodiversity that South Africa has. Pollution not only comes from industrial sector such as oil companies, but also from littering and sewage. Plastic pollution is one of the types of pollution that effect the marine environment. It is impossible to give an accurate estimation of the amount of plastic that is being polluted into the ocean. However, in 1975 the global fishing fleet alone dumped approximately 135 400 tons of plastic fishing gear and 23 600 tons of synthetic packaging materials
This is common for those that reside amongst red tides because they are constantly inhaling the brevetoxins in the atmosphere. Furthermore, neurological and gastrointestinal problems occur as a result of ingesting toxic shellfish, fish, molluscs, clams, and other marine life that have become infested by the brevetoxins. This leads to the different types of poisonings caused by fish, including PSP, ASP, DSP, and NSP, each having distinct symptoms according to the toxin they were produced by. Marine life has also been impacted by red tides, specifically by the harmful toxins that HABs produce, which has lead to the deaths of manatees, bottlenose dolphins,
Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world. Most of the waste produced on land is either intentionally or unconsciously discharged into the oceans. Marine pollution and aquatic debris can utterly destroy the oceans causing extinction of the marine creatures. Innovative techniques should be implemented in the law to prevent the marine environment from any further damage. In order to improve the marine environment, the government and the Environment Public Authority of Kuwait should take immediate actions that can influence the society and help in minimizing aquatic debris and pollution.
While researching about how pollution affects sea turtles, we faced some issues on finding different types of pollution. As most people know, the plastic waste that is being dumped into the oceans and onto the beaches is becoming a main food source for sea turtles. When sea turtles see this trash, they consume the plastic causing death or severe sickness which has caused this species to become endangered. They also get tangled with the plastic in the ocean restricting them from normal movement and function. During our research, we found that there are more types of pollution affecting sea turtles than just plastic waste in the ocean.
Coastal development: The growth of coastal cities and towns generates a range of threats to nearby coral reefs. Degradation of coral reefs — can result in lost tourism income in countries that are dependent on reef-based tourism and also can reduce fish populations Coral Reef Degradation is caused by natural and man-made events. ... Water pollution comes in a variety of different sources, oil, gas, and pesticide, They poison coral and marine life. Coastal construction — can cause chronic sedimentation, sewage effluent, industrial discharge, and changes in water flow and run off, which can directly affects the coral increasing rated and metabolic activities as well as it directly kills all of the corals Removal of reefs — can result
Biomagnification (where an animal eats another animal with oil in/on it and then the oil basically gets more dangerous inside the animal) is also messing up food chains when an animals eats something like a fish. Bardoff also declared, “Oil can be easily absorbed by a fish’s fatty tissues, causing biomagnification of the pollutant to the next predator,” (http://www.onegreenplanet.org). For example, if a seal eats a fish, the seal will be poisoned from the oil worse than the fish was. In addition to animals being harmed, people can also be harmed, but