According to a Biological Diversity website (https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/campaigns/ocean_plastics/), the author states that “Thousands of seabirds and sea turtles, seals and other marine mammals are killed each year after ingesting plastic.” People keep littering and that littering is killing precious marine life. The level of
This is ruining the habitats of the marine life and contaminating the water. The fault of this lies on everyone on Earth. 75% of people admitted that they littered in the past 5 years. There is even a garbage island floating in our ocean, mostly comprised of plastics.
Plastic pollution in the ocean Introduction Rachel L. Carson said in her book “Water, soil, and the earth´s green mantle of plants make up the world that supports the animal life of the earth” (63). In other words, our planet was always a place which was dominated by nature and it had essential relations between plants and other plants and between plants and other animals (Carson, 1962). Since the modern human started to conquer the world a lot of things have changed and technology has taken over. My essay is about a quite new but very big problem which affects our wonderful planet; it is about plastic in the ocean.
Imagine what happens if we keep on polluting our planet? What happens to our future generation? Since plastic takes years to biodegrade, if we keep polluting our environment with plastic, then our future generation will suffer from the environment around them. It also means that plastic and other trash will continue polluting the ocean, which can cause thousands of sea animals to go extinct, providing us with less source of food. Not only sea animals, but animals all over the world might extinct or become endangered because of pollution.
There is an estimated amount of two hundred and seventy thousand tons of plastic floating in the ocean (Main). When a whale eats plastic it sits in the stomach and eventually clogs the flow of the digestive tract. After the digestive tract becomes blocked the whale is unable to digest any real food. Not only does that threaten many marine animals, it is the main role of rising extinction rates for land animals as well. In 2010 an estimated sixteen sperm whales have been killed from gill nets (Kirby).
Resistant on implementing and installation of the new technology might force government to really impose such regulation and that they are always monitored by the regulatory board and also penalties are very serious matter. 3. Plastic manufacturing produces toxic because it composes several chemical that might endanger the living organisms in the water and can be harmful to humans and it is against the law of the Philippines if companies are not responsible with its wastes. III.
Approximately 6 billion pounds of BPA are produced each year.8 It is a building block of polycarbonate plastic and a component of food can lining. Thus, BPA can be easily seen in cash register receipts, polycarbonate plastics, food cans, and pipes that supply drinking water. Human exposure to BPA primarily occurs through diet. As in the case when foods are in direct contact with any packaging materials, BPA may migrate into food and then to human as they consume food. Although it can be excreted rapidly from the body, BPA results in weight gain because it is stored in the fats.
Water Pollution is a huge environmental problem that has serious effects on marine habitats, animals, and water quality. BP1: The world's marine habitat has been getting worse because of how bad the pollution has gotten. “ Over 80% of marine pollution comes from land based activities “ (source 5 ). This quote explains how most of the water pollution is caused by human activity. “ Plastic litter does not degrade, can be expected to last in the oceans for hundreds of years “ ( source 6 ).
The ocean is nowadays undergoing numerous environmental issues that further lead to marine pollution. Marine pollution is a very serious environmental issue that most of the countries of the world encounter. Aquatic littering is considered as one of the major causes of marine environment. The misleading use of the marine environment is extremely impacting the marine life and ecosystems. Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world.
The reason plastic is used in many products is because it can withstand up to tons of pressure per cm3, is cheap, is durable, and finally, there is no worry for discoloring. But these days, plastic is becoming a major problem the world has to deal with. Plastic is thrown into the ocean, and it is breaking down into very small pieces, and killing marine life, as they mistake those pieces to their prey. As a matter of fact, nearly all plastics are recyclable, but it 's the recycling companies ' machines that refuse to recycle that kind of plastic(eartheasy.com). I. Plastic, what have you done?
Marine pollution such as presence of organic matter in the ocean can result in the condition known as hypoxia or oxygen depletion and this can have adverse effect on the marine life including plant and animals and fish. Death of these fish can result in loss of millions of US dollars that are generate from the fishing industry. Marine pollution can also result in presence of foul smell resulting from the decomposing sewage being directed to the ocean and this has the effects to hinder recreational activities taking place in the sea as well as cause discomfort and breathing problem to the surrounding population (Laura, 11).marine pollution can also result in danger to human health. The human swimmers and water sport lovers can become endangered by swimming in the polluted marine waters (Laura,
The local community does not care that dumping toxic waste, sewage, and runoffs affect marine life. People everywhere dispose of their toxic materials such as household, agriculture, and oil waste in the wrong way, and eventually it leads to pollution in the ocean. Toxic products in households are very harmful to the ocean if they are disposed of in the wrong way. Household materials such as chemical-based cleaning and disinfecting products, once put down the drain, go straight to the ocean, and pollute the water. Non- degradable products that are put down drains can damage sewage treatment processes, and contaminate nearby bodies of water.
In the New York Times, on Sept. 28, 2014, Lewis Pugh writes an editorial called “Swimming Through Garbage.” He describes his experiences traveling into the seven seas and makes a claim to draw attention towards the health of our oceans. First, Pugh describes the litter, plastic bags, bottles, cans, shoes, and clothing on our ocean floor. However, Pugh was even more shocked about what he didn’t see, no sharks, no whales, no dolphins, all living life had been fished out (Para 4-5). Pugh says that over 100 million sharks are fished out of the ocean every year (Para 7).
D.W. Laist research claims that the polluted gyre affects 267 species worldwide: 86% of all sea turtle species, 44% of all seabird species, and 43% of all marine mammal species. Oesophagus and stomach contents of the endangered green sea turtle were examined from 38 representatives, 23 of which (60.5%) had swallowed debris, especially plastics. Scientists have documented 6 pounds of plastic for every pound of plankton in this area (“Plastic Ocean - The Great Pacific Garbage Patch”). Most of this plastic is eaten by sea birds and animals, including turtles and albatrosses. Sea turtles often eat plastic bags instead of jellies.